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(-) Description

Authors :  Z. Zhang, Y. Chen
Date :  09 Jul 01  (Deposition) - 03 Oct 01  (Release) - 24 Feb 09  (Revision)
Resolution :  NOT APPLICABLE
Chains :  NMR Structure  :  A  (20x)
Keywords :  Dna Repair Protein, Protein-Dna Interaction, Ku70, Solution Structure, Dna Binding Protein (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
Reference :  Z. Zhang, L. Zhu, D. Lin, F. Chen, D. J. Chen, Y. Chen
The Three-Dimensional Structure Of The C-Terminal Dna-Binding Domain Of Human Ku70.
J. Biol. Chem. V. 276 38231 2001
PubMed-ID: 11457852
(for further references see the PDB file header)

(-) Compounds

    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI BL21(DE3)
    Expression System PlasmidPET28A
    Expression System StrainBL21(DE3)
    Expression System Taxid469008
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

NMR Structure (20x)

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (0, 0)

(no "Ligand,Modified Residues,Ions" information available for 1JJR)

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 1JJR)

(-) SS Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "SS Bond" information available for 1JJR)

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "Cis Peptide Bond" information available for 1JJR)

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (0, 0)

(no "SAP(SNP)/Variant" information available for 1JJR)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
1SAPPS50800 SAP motif profile.XRCC6_HUMAN573-607  1A:61-95

(-) Exons   (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength

(-) Sequences/Alignments

NMR Structure
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:54
 aligned with XRCC6_HUMAN | P12956 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:609

    Alignment length:54
                                   565       575       585       595       605    
               SCOP domains d1jjra_ A: DNA binding C-terminal domain of ku70       SCOP domains
               CATH domains 1jjrA00 A:44-97  [code=1.10.720.30, no name defined]   CATH domains
               Pfam domains ------------------------------------------------------ Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author .....hhhhhhhhhhh.....hhhhhhhhhhhhh......hhhhhhhhhhh... Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ------------------------------------------------------ SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE -----------------SAP  PDB: A:61-95 UniProt: 573-607 -- PROSITE
               Transcript 1 Exon 1.13c  PDB: A:44-97 UniProt: 546-609 [INCOMPLETE] Transcript 1
                                    53        63        73        83        93    

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  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (1, 1)

NMR Structure

(-) CATH Domains  (1, 1)

NMR Structure

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 1JJR)

(-) Gene Ontology  (47, 47)

NMR Structure(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (XRCC6_HUMAN | P12956)
molecular function
    GO:0051575    5'-deoxyribose-5-phosphate lyase activity    Catalysis of the beta-elimination of the 5' deoxyribose-5-phosphate at an abasic site in DNA where a DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase has already cleaved the C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site.
    GO:0005524    ATP binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.
    GO:0004003    ATP-dependent DNA helicase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate; this reaction drives the unwinding of the DNA helix.
    GO:0003677    DNA binding    Any molecular function by which a gene product interacts selectively and non-covalently with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
    GO:0003824    catalytic activity    Catalysis of a biochemical reaction at physiological temperatures. In biologically catalyzed reactions, the reactants are known as substrates, and the catalysts are naturally occurring macromolecular substances known as enzymes. Enzymes possess specific binding sites for substrates, and are usually composed wholly or largely of protein, but RNA that has catalytic activity (ribozyme) is often also regarded as enzymatic.
    GO:0003684    damaged DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with damaged DNA.
    GO:0003690    double-stranded DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with double-stranded DNA.
    GO:0003691    double-stranded telomeric DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with double-stranded telomere-associated DNA.
    GO:0004386    helicase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: NTP + H2O = NDP + phosphate, to drive the unwinding of a DNA or RNA helix.
    GO:0016787    hydrolase activity    Catalysis of the hydrolysis of various bonds, e.g. C-O, C-N, C-C, phosphoric anhydride bonds, etc. Hydrolase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 3.
    GO:0016829    lyase activity    Catalysis of the cleavage of C-C, C-O, C-N and other bonds by other means than by hydrolysis or oxidation, or conversely adding a group to a double bond. They differ from other enzymes in that two substrates are involved in one reaction direction, but only one in the other direction. When acting on the single substrate, a molecule is eliminated and this generates either a new double bond or a new ring.
    GO:0044877    macromolecular complex binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any macromolecular complex.
    GO:0000166    nucleotide binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose.
    GO:0008022    protein C-terminus binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a protein C-terminus, the end of any peptide chain at which the 1-carboxy function of a constituent amino acid is not attached in peptide linkage to another amino-acid residue.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0042162    telomeric DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a telomere, a specific structure at the end of a linear chromosome required for the integrity and maintenance of the end.
    GO:0044212    transcription regulatory region DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a DNA region that regulates the transcription of a region of DNA, which may be a gene, cistron, or operon. Binding may occur as a sequence specific interaction or as an interaction observed only once a factor has been recruited to the DNA by other factors.
biological process
    GO:0032508    DNA duplex unwinding    The process in which interchain hydrogen bonds between two strands of DNA are broken or 'melted', generating a region of unpaired single strands.
    GO:0006266    DNA ligation    The re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase.
    GO:0006310    DNA recombination    Any process in which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction.
    GO:0006281    DNA repair    The process of restoring DNA after damage. Genomes are subject to damage by chemical and physical agents in the environment (e.g. UV and ionizing radiations, chemical mutagens, fungal and bacterial toxins, etc.) and by free radicals or alkylating agents endogenously generated in metabolism. DNA is also damaged because of errors during its replication. A variety of different DNA repair pathways have been reported that include direct reversal, base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, photoreactivation, bypass, double-strand break repair pathway, and mismatch repair pathway.
    GO:0006974    cellular response to DNA damage stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to its DNA from environmental insults or errors during metabolism.
    GO:0071481    cellular response to X-ray    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of X-ray radiation. An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength in the range of 10 nanometers to 100 picometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz to 3 EHz).
    GO:0071480    cellular response to gamma radiation    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gamma radiation stimulus. Gamma radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) or light emission of a specific frequency produced from sub-atomic particle interaction, such as electron-positron annihilation and radioactive decay. Gamma rays are generally characterized as EMR having the highest frequency and energy, and also the shortest wavelength, within the electromagnetic radiation spectrum.
    GO:0097680    double-strand break repair via classical nonhomologous end joining    An instance of double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining that requires a number of factors important for V(D)J recombination, including the KU70/80 heterodimer (KU), XRCC4, ligase IV, and DNA-PKcs in mammals. It does not produce translocations (as opposed to the alternative nonhomologous end joining).
    GO:0006303    double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining    The repair of a double-strand break in DNA in which the two broken ends are rejoined with little or no sequence complementarity. Information at the DNA ends may be lost due to the modification of broken DNA ends. This term covers instances of separate pathways, called classical (or canonical) and alternative nonhomologous end joining (C-NHEJ and A-NHEJ). These in turn may further branch into sub-pathways, but evidence is still unclear.
    GO:0075713    establishment of integrated proviral latency    A process by which the virus integrates into the host genome and establishes as a stable provirus or prophage.
    GO:0008152    metabolic process    The chemical reactions and pathways, including anabolism and catabolism, by which living organisms transform chemical substances. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.
    GO:0045892    negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0045944    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:0045893    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0032481    positive regulation of type I interferon production    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of type I interferon production. Type I interferons include the interferon-alpha, beta, delta, episilon, zeta, kappa, tau, and omega gene families.
    GO:0051290    protein heterotetramerization    The formation of a protein heterotetramer, a macromolecular structure consisting of four noncovalently associated subunits, of which not all are identical.
    GO:0048660    regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of smooth muscle cell proliferation.
    GO:0006355    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0000723    telomere maintenance    Any process that contributes to the maintenance of proper telomeric length and structure by affecting and monitoring the activity of telomeric proteins, the length of telomeric DNA and the replication and repair of the DNA. These processes includes those that shorten, lengthen, replicate and repair the telomeric DNA sequences.
    GO:0006351    transcription, DNA-templated    The cellular synthesis of RNA on a template of DNA.
cellular component
    GO:0043564    Ku70:Ku80 complex    Heterodimeric protein complex composed of a 70 kDa and a 80 kDa subunit, binds DNA through a channel formed by the heterodimer. Functions in DNA double stranded break repair, chromosome maintenance, transcription regulation, V(D)J recombination, and activation of DNA-PK.
    GO:0005694    chromosome    A structure composed of a very long molecule of DNA and associated proteins (e.g. histones) that carries hereditary information.
    GO:0005829    cytosol    The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0070419    nonhomologous end joining complex    A protein complex that plays a role in DNA double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining. Such complexes typically contain a specialized DNA ligase (e.g. Lig4 in eukaryotes) and one or more proteins that bind to DNA ends.
    GO:0000784    nuclear chromosome, telomeric region    The terminal region of a linear nuclear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
    GO:0000783    nuclear telomere cap complex    A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome in the nucleus that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
    GO:0005667    transcription factor complex    A protein complex that is capable of associating with DNA by direct binding, or via other DNA-binding proteins or complexes, and regulating transcription.


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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

        XRCC6_HUMAN | P129561jeq 1jey 3rzx

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

(no "Related Entries Specified in the PDB File" available for 1JJR)