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(-) Description

Authors :  X. Q. Wang, K. C. Garcia
Date :  10 May 06  (Deposition) - 27 Jun 06  (Release) - 13 Jul 11  (Revision)
Resolution :  1.76
Chains :  Asym. Unit :  A
Biol. Unit 1:  A  (2x)
Keywords :  Neurotrophic Factor, Cystine-Knot, Hormone-Growth Factor Complex (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
Reference :  X. Wang, R. H. Baloh, J. Milbrandt, K. C. Garcia
Structure Of Artemin Complexed With Its Receptor Gfralpha3: Convergent Recognition Of Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factors.
Structure V. 14 1083 2006
PubMed-ID: 16765900  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1016/J.STR.2006.05.010

(-) Compounds

    Expression SystemTRICHOPLUSIA NI
    Expression System CommonCABBAGE LOOPER
    Expression System Taxid7111
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

Asymmetric Unit A
Biological Unit 1 (2x)A

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (0, 0)

(no "Ligand,Modified Residues,Ions" information available for 2GYZ)

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 2GYZ)

(-) SS Bonds  (4, 4)

Asymmetric Unit
1A:5 -A:70
2A:32 -A:98
3A:36 -A:100
4A:69 -A:69

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "Cis Peptide Bond" information available for 2GYZ)

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (0, 0)

(no "SAP(SNP)/Variant" information available for 2GYZ)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (0, 0)

(no "PROSITE Motif" information available for 2GYZ)

(-) Exons   (1, 1)

Asymmetric Unit (1, 1)
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:97
 aligned with ARTN_HUMAN | Q5T4W7 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:220

    Alignment length:97
                                   131       141       151       161       171       181       191       201       211       
               SCOP domains d2gyza_ A: automated matches                                                                      SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2gyzA00 A:4-100 Cystine-knot cytokines                                                            CATH domains
               Pfam domains ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ..eeeeeeee.hhhh.......eeeeeeee..hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.................eeeeeeeeeee.....eeeeeeeeeeeee. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
               Transcript 1 Exon 1.5j  PDB: A:4-100 UniProt: 67-220 [INCOMPLETE]                                              Transcript 1
                                    13        23        33        43        53        63        73        83        93       

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (1, 1)

Asymmetric Unit

(-) CATH Domains  (1, 1)

Asymmetric Unit
Class: Mainly Beta (13760)

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 2GYZ)

(-) Gene Ontology  (15, 15)

Asymmetric Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (ARTN_HUMAN | Q5T4W7)
molecular function
    GO:0005088    Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity    Stimulates the exchange of guanyl nucleotides associated with a GTPase of the Ras superfamily. Under normal cellular physiological conditions, the concentration of GTP is higher than that of GDP, favoring the replacement of GDP by GTP in association with the GTPase.
    GO:0008083    growth factor activity    The function that stimulates a cell to grow or proliferate. Most growth factors have other actions besides the induction of cell growth or proliferation.
    GO:0005102    receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with one or more specific sites on a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
biological process
    GO:0000165    MAPK cascade    An intracellular protein kinase cascade containing at least a MAPK, a MAPKK and a MAP3K. The cascade can also contain two additional tiers: the upstream MAP4K and the downstream MAP Kinase-activated kinase (MAPKAPK). The kinases in each tier phosphorylate and activate the kinases in the downstream tier to transmit a signal within a cell.
    GO:0061146    Peyer's patch morphogenesis    The process in which a Peyer's patch is generated and organized. Peyer's patches are typically found as nodules associated with gut epithelium with distinct internal structures including B- and T-zones for the activation of lymphocytes.
    GO:0007411    axon guidance    The chemotaxis process that directs the migration of an axon growth cone to a specific target site in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
    GO:0050930    induction of positive chemotaxis    Any process that initiates the directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards a higher concentration in a concentration gradient of a specific chemical.
    GO:0097021    lymphocyte migration into lymphoid organs    The movement of a lymphocyte within the lymphatic system into lymphoid organs such as lymph nodes, spleen or Peyer's patches, and its subsequent positioning within defined functional compartments such as sites of cell activation by antigen.
    GO:0007405    neuroblast proliferation    The expansion of a neuroblast population by cell division. A neuroblast is any cell that will divide and give rise to a neuron.
    GO:0007422    peripheral nervous system development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the peripheral nervous system over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The peripheral nervous system is one of the two major divisions of the nervous system. Nerves in the PNS connect the central nervous system (CNS) with sensory organs, other organs, muscles, blood vessels and glands.
    GO:0043547    positive regulation of GTPase activity    Any process that activates or increases the activity of a GTPase.
    GO:0007165    signal transduction    The cellular process in which a signal is conveyed to trigger a change in the activity or state of a cell. Signal transduction begins with reception of a signal (e.g. a ligand binding to a receptor or receptor activation by a stimulus such as light), or for signal transduction in the absence of ligand, signal-withdrawal or the activity of a constitutively active receptor. Signal transduction ends with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. regulation of transcription or regulation of a metabolic process. Signal transduction covers signaling from receptors located on the surface of the cell and signaling via molecules located within the cell. For signaling between cells, signal transduction is restricted to events at and within the receiving cell.
cellular component
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.
    GO:0005622    intracellular    The living contents of a cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.


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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

        ARTN_HUMAN | Q5T4W72ask 2gh0 2gyr

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

(no "Related Entries Specified in the PDB File" available for 2GYZ)