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NMR Structure - model 1  (Jmol Viewer)
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(-) Description

Authors :  T. Abe, H. Hirota, F. Hayashi, S. Yokoyama, Riken Structural Genomics/Proteomics Initiative (Rsgi)
Date :  19 May 05  (Deposition) - 19 Nov 05  (Release) - 24 Feb 09  (Revision)
Resolution :  NOT APPLICABLE
Chains :  NMR Structure  :  A  (20x)
Keywords :  Glutaredoxin, Glutaredoxin 2, Glutathione-S-Transferase, Structural Genomics, Nppsfa, National Project On Protein Structural And Functional Analyses, Riken Structural Genomics/Proteomics Initiative, Rsgi, Unknown Function (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
Reference :  T. Abe, H. Hirota, F. Hayashi, S. Yokoyama
Solution Structure Of Rsgi Ruh-044, An N-Terminal Domain Of Glutaredoxin 2 From Human Cdna
To Be Published
PubMed: search
(for further references see the PDB file header)

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - GLRX2 PROTEIN
    Expression System PlasmidP041115-06
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

NMR Structure (20x)

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (0, 0)

(no "Ligand,Modified Residues,Ions" information available for 2CQ9)

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 2CQ9)

(-) SS Bonds  (1, 1)

NMR Structure
1A:28 -A:113

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (1, 20)

NMR Structure
11, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20Val A:81 -Pro A:82

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
1GLUTAREDOXIN_2PS51354 Glutaredoxin domain profile.GLRX2_HUMAN57-157  1A:17-117

(-) Exons   (4, 4)

NMR Structure (4, 4)
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength

(-) Sequences/Alignments

NMR Structure
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:130
 aligned with GLRX2_HUMAN | Q9NS18 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:164

    Alignment length:152
                                    28        38        48        58        68        78        88        98       108       118       128       138       148       158     |   -  
               SCOP domains d2cq                      9a_ A: automated matches                                                                                                       SCOP domains
               CATH domains -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....----------------------..........hhhhhhhhhhhhh.eeeee....hhhhhhhhhhhhhh...eeee.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhh.....eeee..eeeeehhhhhhhhhhh.hhhhhhhhh................ Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------E--------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE --------------------------------------GLUTAREDOXIN_2  PDB: A:17-117 UniProt: 57-157                                                        ------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.2  PDB: A:1-4  ---------------------Exon 1.4  PDB: A:22-80 UniProt: 62-120                     Exon 1.5b  PDB: A:81-124 UniProt: 121-164   ------ Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) ---------------------Exon 1.3  PDB: A:5-21 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript 1 (2)
                               |     -         -      |  8        18        28        38        48        58        68        78        88        98       108       118       128  
                               4                      5                                                                                                                             

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (1, 1)

NMR Structure

(-) CATH Domains  (0, 0)

(no "CATH Domain" information available for 2CQ9)

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 2CQ9)

(-) Gene Ontology  (29, 29)

NMR Structure(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (GLRX2_HUMAN | Q9NS18)
molecular function
    GO:0051537    2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a 2 iron, 2 sulfur (2Fe-2S) cluster; this cluster consists of two iron atoms, with two inorganic sulfur atoms found between the irons and acting as bridging ligands.
    GO:0008794    arsenate reductase (glutaredoxin) activity    Catalysis of the reaction: arsenate + reduced glutaredoxin = arsenite + oxidized glutaredoxin. Glutaredoxin functions as the electron donor for arsenate reduction. The electron flow therefore is ( NADPH -> glutathione reductase (EC: -> ) glutathione -> glutaredoxin -> arsenate reductase, i.e. glutathione is reduced by glutathione reductase and glutaredoxin is reduced by glutathione.
    GO:0009055    electron carrier activity    Any molecular entity that serves as an electron acceptor and electron donor in an electron transport chain. An electron transport chain is a process in which a series of electron carriers operate together to transfer electrons from donors to any of several different terminal electron acceptors to generate a transmembrane electrochemical gradient.
    GO:0015038    glutathione disulfide oxidoreductase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glutathione + electron acceptor = glutathione disulfide + electron donor.
    GO:0051536    iron-sulfur cluster binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an iron-sulfur cluster, a combination of iron and sulfur atoms.
    GO:0046872    metal ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any metal ion.
    GO:0003756    protein disulfide isomerase activity    Catalysis of the rearrangement of both intrachain and interchain disulfide bonds in proteins.
    GO:0015035    protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: a protein with reduced sulfide groups = a protein with oxidized disulfide bonds.
biological process
    GO:0042262    DNA protection    Any process in which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
    GO:0007568    aging    A developmental process that is a deterioration and loss of function over time. Aging includes loss of functions such as resistance to disease, homeostasis, and fertility, as well as wear and tear. Aging includes cellular senescence, but is more inclusive. May precede death and may succeed developmental maturation (GO:0021700).
    GO:0006915    apoptotic process    A programmed cell death process which begins when a cell receives an internal (e.g. DNA damage) or external signal (e.g. an extracellular death ligand), and proceeds through a series of biochemical events (signaling pathway phase) which trigger an execution phase. The execution phase is the last step of an apoptotic process, and is typically characterized by rounding-up of the cell, retraction of pseudopodes, reduction of cellular volume (pyknosis), chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), plasma membrane blebbing and fragmentation of the cell into apoptotic bodies. When the execution phase is completed, the cell has died.
    GO:0030154    cell differentiation    The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
    GO:0045454    cell redox homeostasis    Any process that maintains the redox environment of a cell or compartment within a cell.
    GO:0071451    cellular response to superoxide    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a superoxide stimulus. Superoxide is the anion, oxygen-, formed by addition of one electron to dioxygen (O2) or any compound containing the superoxide anion.
    GO:0006749    glutathione metabolic process    The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific role in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxidized ascorbate, and it participates in the gamma-glutamyl cycle.
    GO:0055114    oxidation-reduction process    A metabolic process that results in the removal or addition of one or more electrons to or from a substance, with or without the concomitant removal or addition of a proton or protons.
    GO:0009966    regulation of signal transduction    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction.
    GO:0006355    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0042542    response to hydrogen peroxide    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulus.
    GO:0010033    response to organic substance    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic substance stimulus.
    GO:0051775    response to redox state    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating redox state. Redox state refers to the balance of oxidized versus reduced forms of electron donors and acceptors in an organelle, cell or organ; plastoquinone, glutathione (GSH/GSSG), and nicotinamide nucleotides (NAD+/NADH and NADP+/NADPH) are among the most important.
    GO:0009266    response to temperature stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a temperature stimulus.
cellular component
    GO:0030425    dendrite    A neuron projection that has a short, tapering, often branched, morphology, receives and integrates signals from other neurons or from sensory stimuli, and conducts a nerve impulse towards the axon or the cell body. In most neurons, the impulse is conveyed from dendrites to axon via the cell body, but in some types of unipolar neuron, the impulse does not travel via the cell body.
    GO:0043231    intracellular membrane-bounded organelle    Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane.
    GO:0005759    mitochondrial matrix    The gel-like material, with considerable fine structure, that lies in the matrix space, or lumen, of a mitochondrion. It contains the enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle and, in some organisms, the enzymes concerned with fatty acid oxidation.
    GO:0005739    mitochondrion    A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
    GO:0043025    neuronal cell body    The portion of a neuron that includes the nucleus, but excludes cell projections such as axons and dendrites.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.


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    Val A:81 - Pro A:82   [ RasMol ]  

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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

        GLRX2_HUMAN | Q9NS182fls 2ht9

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

(no "Related Entries Specified in the PDB File" available for 2CQ9)