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  • F. H. C. Crick, J. D. Watson, M. H. C. Wilkins (Physiology or Medicine, 1962)
  • for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nuclear acids and its significance for information transfer in living material

  • M. F. Perutz, Sir J. C. Kendrew (Chemistry, 1962)
  • for their studies of the structures of globular proteins

  • D. Crowfoot Hodgkin (Chemistry, 1964)
  • for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances

  • Sir A. Klug (Chemistry, 1982)
  • for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nuclei acid-protein complexes

  • J. Deisenhofer, R. Huber, H. Michel (Chemistry, 1988)
  • for the determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre

  • P. D. Boyer, J. E. Walker, J. C. Skou (Chemistry, 1997)
  • for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) [Boyer, Walker]
    for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase [Skou]

  • J. B. Fenn, K. Tanaka, K. WŁthrich (Chemistry, 2002)
  • for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules
    for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules [Fenn, Tanaka]
    for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution[WŁthrich]

  • R. D. Kornberg (Chemistry, 2006)
  • for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription

  • V. Ramakrishnan, T.A. Steitz, A.E. Yonath (Chemistry 2009)
  • for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome