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   Search term(s): Ligase

GO Term Name(GO Accession Number)Term TypeDefinition
ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000151)cellular_componentA protein complex that includes a ubiquitin-protein ligase and enables ubiquitin protein ligase activity. The complex also contains other proteins that may confer substrate specificity on the complex.
nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000152)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex found in the nucleus.
cytoplasmic ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000153)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex found in the cytoplasm.
ER ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000835)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex found in the ER.
Hrd1p ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000836)cellular_componentA multiprotein complex that recognizes and ubiquitinates proteins with misfolded luminal and membrane domains during ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In S. cerevisiae, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligase Hrd1p. In mammals, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligase HRD1 (Synoviolin) or AMFR (gp78).
Doa10p ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0000837)cellular_componentA multiprotein complex that recognizes and ubiquitinates membrane proteins with misfolded cytosolic domains during ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In S. cerevisiae, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligase Ssm4p/Doa10p.
Hrd1p ubiquitin ligase ERAD-M complex(GO:0000838)cellular_componentA multiprotein complex that recognizes and ubiquitinates proteins with misfolded membrane domains during ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In S. cerevisiae, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligase Hrd1p.
Hrd1p ubiquitin ligase ERAD-L complex(GO:0000839)cellular_componentA multiprotein complex that recognizes and ubiquitinates proteins with misfolded luminal domains during ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In S. cerevisiae, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligase Hrd1p.
DNA ligase activity(GO:0003909)molecular_functionCatalysis of the formation of a phosphodiester bond between the 3'-hydroxyl group at the end of one DNA chain and the 5'-phosphate group at the end of another. This reaction requires an energy source such as ATP or NAD+.
DNA ligase (ATP) activity(GO:0003910)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + deoxyribonucleotide(n) + deoxyribonucleotide(m) = AMP + diphosphate + deoxyribonucleotide(n+m).
DNA ligase (NAD+) activity(GO:0003911)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: NAD+ + deoxyribonucleotide(n) + deoxyribonucleotide(m) = AMP + nicotinamide nucleotide + deoxyribonucleotide(n+m).
RNA ligase (ATP) activity(GO:0003972)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + ribonucleotide(n) + ribonucleotide(m) = AMP + diphosphate + ribonucleotide(n+m).
acetate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0003987)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + acetyl-CoA.
acyl-CoA ligase activity(GO:0003996)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + a long-chain carboxylic acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA; long-chain carboxylic acids have chain lengths of C13 to C22.
aspartate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:0004071)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-aspartate + NH3 = AMP + diphosphate + L-asparagine.
biotin-[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase activity(GO:0004077)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + apo-(acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP forming)) = AMP + diphosphate + (acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP forming)).
biotin-[methylcrotonoyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase activity(GO:0004078)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + apo-(3-methylcrotonoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)) = AMP + diphosphate + (3-methylcrotonoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)).
biotin-[methylmalonyl-CoA-carboxytransferase] ligase activity(GO:0004079)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + apo-(methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase) = AMP + diphosphate + (methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase).
biotin-[propionyl-CoA-carboxylase (ATP-hydrolyzing)] ligase activity(GO:0004080)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + apo-(propanoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)) = AMP + diphosphate + (propanoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)).
formate-tetrahydrofolate ligase activity(GO:0004329)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + formate + tetrahydrofolate = ADP + phosphate + 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
glutamate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:0004356)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + NH(3) = L-glutamine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
glutamate-cysteine ligase activity(GO:0004357)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-cysteine + L-glutamate + ATP = L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
long-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity(GO:0004467)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + a long-chain fatty acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA; a long-chain fatty acid is a fatty acid with a chain length between C13 and C22.
pantoate-beta-alanine ligase activity(GO:0004592)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + (R)-pantoate + beta-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + (R)-pantothenate.
phosphopantothenate--cysteine ligase activity(GO:0004632)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: CTP + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate + L-cysteine = CMP + diphosphate + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenoyl-L-cysteine. Cysteine can be replaced by some of its derivatives.
phosphoribosylamine-glycine ligase activity(GO:0004637)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-phospho-D-ribosylamine + ATP + glycine = N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine cyclo-ligase activity(GO:0004641)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2-(formamido)-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)acetamidine + ATP = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
succinate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0004774)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: succinate + CoA + nucleotide triphosphate = nucleotide diphosphate + phosphate + succinyl-CoA.
succinate-CoA ligase (ADP-forming) activity(GO:0004775)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + succinate + CoA = ADP + succinyl-CoA + phosphate.
succinate-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) activity(GO:0004776)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: GTP + succinate + CoA = GDP + succinyl-CoA + phosphate.
aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004812)molecular_functionCatalysis of the formation of aminoacyl-tRNA from ATP, amino acid, and tRNA with the release of diphosphate and AMP.
alanine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004813)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-alanine + tRNA(Ala) = AMP + diphosphate + L-alanyl-tRNA(Ala).
arginine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004814)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-arginine + tRNA(Arg) = AMP + diphosphate + L-arginyl-tRNA(Arg).
aspartate-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004815)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-aspartate + tRNA(Asp) = AMP + diphosphate + L-aspartyl-tRNA(Asp).
asparagine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004816)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-asparagine + ATP + tRNA(Asn) = AMP + Asn-tRNA(Asn) + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
cysteine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004817)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-cysteine + tRNA(Cys) = AMP + diphosphate + L-cysteinyl-tRNA(Cys).
glutamate-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004818)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-glutamate + tRNA(Glu) = AMP + diphosphate + L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu).
glutamine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004819)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-glutamine + tRNA(Gln) = AMP + diphosphate + L-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln).
glycine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004820)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + glycine + tRNA(Gly) = AMP + diphosphate + glycyl-tRNA(Gly).
histidine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004821)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-histidine + tRNA(His) = AMP + diphosphate + L-histidyl-tRNA(His).
isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004822)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-isoleucine + ATP + tRNA(Ile) = L-isoleucyl-tRNA(Ile) + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
leucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004823)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-leucine + ATP + tRNA(Leu) = AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+) + Leu-tRNA(Leu).
lysine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004824)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) = AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys).
methionine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004825)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-methionine + tRNA(Met) = AMP + diphosphate + L-methionyl-tRNA(Met).
phenylalanine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004826)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) = AMP + diphosphate + L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe).
proline-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004827)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-proline + tRNA(Pro) = AMP + diphosphate + L-prolyl-tRNA(Pro).
serine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004828)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-serine + tRNA(Ser) = AMP + diphosphate + L-seryl-tRNA(Ser).
threonine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004829)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-threonine + tRNA(Thr) = AMP + diphosphate + L-threonyl-tRNA(Thr).
tryptophan-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004830)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-tryptophan + tRNA(Trp) = AMP + diphosphate + L-tryptophanyl-tRNA(Trp).
tyrosine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004831)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-tyrosine + ATP + tRNA(Tyr) = L-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr) + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
valine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0004832)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-valine + ATP + tRNA(Val) = L-valyl-tRNA(Val) + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
tubulin-tyrosine ligase activity(GO:0004835)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + detyrosinated alpha-tubulin + L-tyrosine = alpha-tubulin + ADP + phosphate.
DNA-dependent protein kinase-DNA ligase 4 complex(GO:0005958)cellular_componentA large protein complex which is involved in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks and, in mammals, V(D)J recombination events. It consists of the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), the DNA end-binding heterodimer Ku, the nuclear phosphoprotein XRCC4 or a homolog thereof, and DNA ligase IV.
obsolete unfolded protein response, ligation of mRNA encoding UFP-specific transcription factor by RNA ligase(GO:0006989)biological_processOBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). This term was made obsolete because it represents a function rather than a process.
RNA ligase activity(GO:0008452)molecular_functionCatalysis of the formation of a phosphodiester bond between a hydroxyl group at the end of one RNA chain and the 5'-phosphate group at the end of another.
2'-5'-RNA ligase activity(GO:0008664)molecular_functionCatalysis of the formation of a phosphodiester bond between the 2'-hydroxyl group at the end of one DNA chain and the 5'-phosphate group at the end of another.
D-alanine-D-alanine ligase activity(GO:0008716)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 D-alanine + ATP = D-alanyl-D-alanine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
O antigen ligase activity(GO:0008754)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: Lipid A-core + colanic acid = MLPS.
o-succinylbenzoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0008756)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2-succinylbenzoate + ATP + CoA = 2-succinylbenzoyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate.
UDP-N-acetylmuramate-L-alanine ligase activity(GO:0008763)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-alanine + ATP + UDP-N-acetylmuramate = ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine.
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanine-D-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0008764)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: D-glutamate + ATP + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine = ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate.
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanyl-D-glutamate-2,6-diaminopimelate ligase activity(GO:0008765)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: meso-2,6-diaminopimelate + ATP + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate = ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-gamma-glutamyl-meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate.
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanyl-D-glutamyl-2,6-diaminopimelate-D-alanyl-D-alanine ligase activity(GO:0008766)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate + D-alanyl-D-alanine = ADP + phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-6-carboxy-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine.
[citrate (pro-3S)-lyase] ligase activity(GO:0008771)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (thiol form) = AMP + diphosphate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (acetyl form).
obsolete crotonobetaine/carnitine-CoA ligase activity(GO:0008822)molecular_functionOBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). This term was made obsolete because it represents a bifunctional gene product.
carnitine-CoA ligase activity(GO:0051108)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: D-carnitine + CoA + ATP = AMP + diphosphate + D-carnitinyl-CoA.
crotonobetaine-CoA ligase activity(GO:0051109)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: CoA + crotono-betaine + ATP = AMP + diphosphate + crotonobetainyl-CoA.
[glutamate-ammonia-ligase] adenylyltransferase activity(GO:0008882)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + [L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)] = diphosphate + adenylyl-[L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)].
long-chain fatty acid [acyl-carrier-protein] ligase activity(GO:0008922)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + an acid + [acyl-carrier protein] = AMP + diphosphate + acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]. A long-chain fatty acid is fatty acid with a chain length between C13 and C22.
phenylalanine-tRNA ligase complex(GO:0009328)cellular_componentAn enzyme complex that catalyzes the ligation of phenylalanine to tRNA(Phe), forming L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe).
glutamate-tRNA ligase complex(GO:0009332)cellular_componentAn enzyme complex that catalyzes the ligation of glutamate and tRNA(Glu) to form glutamyl-tRNA(Glu).
glycine-tRNA ligase complex(GO:0009345)cellular_componentA multimeric enzyme complex which, in bacteria, is usually a tetramer of two alpha and two beta chains and in eukaryotes, is usually a homodimer. Functions in the ligation of glycine and tRNA(Gly) to form glycyl-tRNA(Gly).
succinate-CoA ligase complex (ADP-forming)(GO:0009361)cellular_componentA heterodimeric enzyme complex, composed of an alpha and beta chain, most usually found in (but not limited to) bacteria. Functions in the TCA cycle, hydrolyzing succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA, thereby forming ATP.
SCF ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0019005)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul1 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by a Skp1 adaptor and an F-box protein. SCF complexes are involved in targeting proteins for degradation by the proteasome. The best characterized complexes are those from yeast and mammals (with core subunits named Cdc53/Cul1, Rbx1/Hrt1/Roc1).
3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid CoA ligase activity(GO:0010435)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)-cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid + coenzyme A = AMP + diphosphate + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)-cyclopentane-1-octanoyl-CoA + H+. 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)-cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid is also known as OPC-8:0.
fatty acid ligase activity(GO:0015645)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ligation of a fatty acid to an acceptor, coupled to the hydrolysis of ATP.
4-coumarate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0016207)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + 4-coumarate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 4-coumaroyl-CoA.
ammonia ligase activity(GO:0016211)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ligation of ammonia (NH3) to another substance via a carbon-nitrogen bond with concomitant breakage of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate.
CoA-ligase activity(GO:0016405)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: substrate + ATP + CoASH = AMP + diphosphate + substrate-CoA.
ligase activity(GO:0016874)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two substances, or two groups within a single molecule, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
ligase activity, forming carbon-oxygen bonds(GO:0016875)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two molecules via a carbon-oxygen bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
ligase activity, forming carbon-sulfur bonds(GO:0016877)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two molecules via a carbon-sulfur bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
acid-thiol ligase activity(GO:0016878)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of an acid and a thiol via a carbon-sulfur bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
ligase activity, forming carbon-nitrogen bonds(GO:0016879)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two molecules, or two groups within a single molecule, via a carbon-nitrogen bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
acid-ammonia (or amide) ligase activity(GO:0016880)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ligation of an acid to ammonia (NH3) or an amide via a carbon-nitrogen bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
acid-amino acid ligase activity(GO:0016881)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ligation of an acid to an amino acid via a carbon-nitrogen bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
cyclo-ligase activity(GO:0016882)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two groups within a single molecule via a carbon-nitrogen bond, forming heterocyclic ring, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
obsolete other carbon-nitrogen ligase activity(GO:0016883)molecular_functionOBSOLETE. A grouping term for carbon-nitrogen ligases that cannot be more accurately categorized. This term was made obsolete because it was an unnecessary grouping term.
carbon-nitrogen ligase activity, with glutamine as amido-N-donor(GO:0016884)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of the amide nitrogen of glutamine to a variety of substrates. GATases catalyze two separate reactions at two active sites, which are located either on a single polypeptide chain or on different subunits. In the glutaminase reaction, glutamine is hydrolyzed to glutamate and ammonia, which is added to an acceptor substrate in the synthase reaction.
ligase activity, forming carbon-carbon bonds(GO:0016885)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two molecules via a carbon-carbon bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
ligase activity, forming phosphoric ester bonds(GO:0016886)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of two molecules, or two groups within a single molecule, via a phosphoric ester bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
lipoate-protein ligase activity(GO:0016979)molecular_functionCatalysis of the lipoylation of a protein in two steps: ATP + (R)-lipoate + a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-L-lysine = a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-(lipoyl)lysine + AMP + diphosphate (overall reaction): (1) ATP + (R)-lipoate = lipoyl-AMP + diphosphate; (2) lipoyl-AMP + a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-L-lysine = a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-(lipoyl)lysine + AMP.
glutamate-cysteine ligase complex(GO:0017109)cellular_componentAn enzyme complex that catalyzes the ligation of glutamate to cysteine, forming glutamylcysteine.
diphthine-ammonia ligase activity(GO:0017178)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + diphthine + NH(4)(+) = ADP + diphthamide + H(+) + phosphate.
ribosomal S6-glutamic acid ligase activity(GO:0018169)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glutamic acid residues to the C-terminus of ribosomal protein S6.
biotin-protein ligase activity(GO:0018271)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + protein = AMP + diphosphate + biotin-protein.
perillic acid:CoA ligase (ADP-forming) activity(GO:0052685)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: perillic acid + CoA-SH + ATP = H2O + ADP + phosphate + perillyl-CoA.
perillic acid:CoA ligase (AMP-forming) activity(GO:0052686)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: perillic acid + CoA-SH + ATP = H2O + AMP + diphosphate + perillyl-CoA.
benzoyl acetate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018856)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 3-oxo-3-phenylpropionate + CoA + ATP = AMP + diphosphate + benzoyl acetyl-CoA.
2,4-dichlorobenzoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018857)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2,4-dichlorobenzoate + ATP + CoASH = AMP + diphosphate + 2,4-dichlorobenzoyl-CoA.
benzoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018858)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + benzoate + CoA = AMP + benzoyl-CoA + diphosphate + H(+).
4-hydroxybenzoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018859)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + 4-hydroxybenzoate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA.
anthranilate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018860)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + anthranilate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + anthranilyl-CoA.
4-chlorobenzoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0018861)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 4-chlorobenzoate + CoA + ATP = 4-chlorobenzoyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate. This reaction requires magnesium and is part of the bacterial 2,4-dichlorobenzoate degradation pathway.
Atg8 ligase activity(GO:0019776)molecular_functionCatalysis of the covalent attachment of the ubiquitin-like protein Atg8 to substrate molecules; phosphatidylethanolamine is a known substrate.
5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase activity(GO:0030272)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-formyltetrahydrofolate + ATP = 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + ADP + H(+) + phosphate.
acetoacetate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0030729)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: acetoacetate + ATP + CoA = acetoacetyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate + H(+).
cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031461)cellular_componentAny ubiquitin ligase complex in which the catalytic core consists of a member of the cullin family and a RING domain protein; the core is associated with one or more additional proteins that confer substrate specificity.
Cul2-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031462)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul2 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by an elongin-BC adaptor and a SOCS/BC box protein.
Cul3-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031463)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul3 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by a BTB-domain-containing protein.
Cul4A-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031464)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul4A subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by an adaptor protein.
Cul4B-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031465)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul4B subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by unknown subunits.
Cul5-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031466)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul5 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by an elongin-BC adaptor and a SOCS/BC box protein.
Cul7-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0031467)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul7 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by a Skp1 linker and an F-box protein.
ubiquitin protein ligase binding(GO:0031625)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with a ubiquitin protein ligase enzyme, any of the E3 proteins.
short-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity(GO:0031955)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + a short-chain fatty acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA; short-chain fatty acids are fatty acids with a chain length of less than C6.
medium-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity(GO:0031956)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + a medium-chain carboxylic acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA; a medium-chain fatty acid is any fatty acid with a chain length of between C6 and C12.
very long-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity(GO:0031957)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + a very-long-chain fatty acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA; a very long-chain fatty acid is a fatty acid which has a chain length greater than C22.
DNA ligase IV complex(GO:0032807)cellular_componentA eukaryotically conserved protein complex that contains DNA ligase IV and is involved in DNA repair by non-homologous end joining; in addition to the ligase, the complex also contains XRCC4 or a homolog, e.g. Saccharomyces Lif1p.
SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0033768)cellular_componentA nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex that specifically targets SUMOylated proteins; the complex is formed of homodimers or heterodimers of RNF4 family ubiquitin ligases and is conserved in eukaryotes.
glutamate-putrescine ligase activity(GO:0034024)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + putrescine = gamma-L-glutamylputrescine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
D-aspartate ligase activity(GO:0034025)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + D-aspartate + [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n = [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-6-N-(beta-D-Asp)-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n + ADP + phosphate.
L-amino-acid alpha-ligase activity(GO:0034026)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + an L-amino acid + an L-amino acid = ADP + phosphate + L-aminoacyl-L-amino acid.
ubiquitin-ubiquitin ligase activity(GO:0034450)molecular_functionIsoenergetic transfer of ubiquitin from one protein to an existing ubiquitin chain via the reaction X-ubiquitin + Y-ubiquitin -> Y-ubiquitin-ubiquitin + X, where both the X-ubiquitin and Y-ubiquitin-ubiquitin linkages are thioester bonds between the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin and a sulfhydryl side group of a cysteine residue.
pivalate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034783)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: pivalate + H+ + HSCoA + ATP = pivalyl-CoA + PPi + AMP.
cyclopropanecarboxylate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034793)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: cyclopropanecarboxylate + CoASH = cyclopropanecarboxyl-CoA + OH-.
adipate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034796)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: adipate + CoASH = adipyl-CoA + OH-.
fosfomycin 2-glutathione ligase activity(GO:0034797)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: hydrogen (2R,3S)-3-methyloxiran-2-ylphosphonic acid + glutathione = hydrogen (1R,2R)-1-glutathio-2-hydroxypropylphosphonic acid.
fosfomycin 2-L-cysteine ligase activity(GO:0034798)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: hydrogen (2R,3S)-3-methyloxiran-2-ylphosphonic acid + L-cysteine = hydrogen (1R,2R)-1-L-cysteine-2-hydroxypropylphosphonic acid.
citronellyl-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034823)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: citronellate + CoASH + ATP = citronellyl-CoA + AMP + PPi.
mentha-1,3-dione-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034841)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: mentha-1,3-dione + CoASH = 3,7-dimethyl-5-oxo-octyl-CoA.
thiophene-2-carboxylate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034842)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: thiophene-2-carboxylate + ATP + CoASH = thiophene-2-carboxyl-CoA + AMP + PPi.
2,4,4-trimethylpentanoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034865)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2,4,4-trimethylpentanoate + CoASH = 2,4,4-trimethylpentanoyl-CoA + OH-.
cis-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034942)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: cis-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoic acid + ATP + CoASH = cis-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoyl-CoA + AMP + PPi.
trans-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0034943)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: trans-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoic acid + ATP + CoASH = trans-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoyl-CoA + AMP + PPi.
glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit binding(GO:0035226)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with the catalytic subunit of glutamate-cysteine ligase.
regulation of glutamate-cysteine ligase activity(GO:0035227)biological_processAny process that modulates the activity of glutamate-cysteine ligase.
negative regulation of glutamate-cysteine ligase activity(GO:0035228)biological_processAny process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme glutamate-cysteine ligase.
positive regulation of glutamate-cysteine ligase activity(GO:0035229)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the activity of glutamate-cysteine ligase, typically by lowering its sensitivity to inhibition by glutathione and by increasing its affinity for glutamate.
Cul8-RING ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0035361)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul8 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core. In S. cerevisiae, Mms1p acts as the adaptor protein and substrate specificity is conferred by any of a number of different proteins.
cysteine-glucosaminylinositol ligase activity(GO:0035446)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 1-(2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside)-1D-myo-inositol + L-cysteine + ATP = 1-D-myo-inosityl-2-L-cysteinylamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H+. 1-(2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside)-1D-myo-inositol is also known as glucosaminyl-inositol or GlcN-Ins, and 1-D-myo-inosityl-2-L-cysteinylamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside as desacetylmycothiol or Cys-GlcN-Ins.
modulation by virus of host ubiquitin-protein ligase activity(GO:0039649)biological_processThe process in which a virus effects a change in host ubiquitin-protein ligase activity. Ubiquitin-protein ligase activity catalyzes the reaction: ATP + ubiquitin + protein lysine = AMP + diphosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysine.
6-carboxyhexanoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0042410)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + CoA + pimelate = AMP + diphosphate + H(+) + pimelyl-CoA.
succinate-CoA ligase complex(GO:0042709)cellular_componentA heterodimeric enzyme complex, usually composed of an alpha and beta chain. Functions in the TCA cycle, hydrolyzing succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA, thereby forming ATP or GTP.
cytoplasmic SCF ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0043223)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex, located in the cytoplasm, in which a cullin from the Cul1 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by a Skp1 adaptor and an F-box protein. SCF complexes are involved in targeting proteins for degradation by the proteasome. The best characterized complexes are those from yeast and mammals (with core subunits named Cdc53/Cul1, Rbx1/Hrt1/Roc1).
nuclear SCF ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0043224)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex, located in the nucleus, in which a cullin from the Cul1 subfamily and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by a Skp1 adaptor and an F-box protein. SCF complexes are involved in targeting proteins for degradation by the proteasome. The best characterized complexes are those from yeast and mammals (with core subunits named Cdc53/Cul1, Rbx1/Hrt1/Roc1).
CLRC ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0043494)cellular_componentAn cullin-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase/histone H3-K9 methyltransferase complex essential for heterochromatin assembly by RNAi.
acetate-CoA ligase (ADP-forming) activity(GO:0043758)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetate + CoA = ADP + phosphate + acetyl-CoA.
coenzyme F420-0 gamma-glutamyl ligase activity(GO:0043773)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reactions: (1) GTP + F420-0 + L-glutamate = GDP + phosphate + F420-1, and (2) GTP + F420-1 + L-glutamate = GDP + phosphate + gamma-F420-2. This is the GTP-dependent successive addition of two L-glutamates to the L-lactyl phosphodiester of 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (F420-0) to form F420-0-glutamyl-glutamate (F420-2), with a gamma-linkage between the two glutamates.
coenzyme F420-2 alpha-glutamyl ligase activity(GO:0043774)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: coenzyme F420-2 + L-glutamate + GTP = coenzyme F420-3 + GDP + orthophosphate.
phosphoserine-tRNA(Cys) ligase activity(GO:0043816)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: tRNA(Cys) + O-phospho-L-serine + ATP = AMP + diphosphate + phosphoseryl-tRNA(Cys).
CLRC ubiquitin ligase complex localization to heterochromatin(GO:0044382)biological_processThe process by which a CLRC ubiquitin ligase complex is transported to, or maintained in, heterochromatin. CLRC ubiquitin ligase complex is an active cullin-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase complex essential for heterochromatin assembly by RNAi and histone H3K9 methylation.
ubiquitin-like protein ligase binding(GO:0044389)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with a ubiquitin-like protein ligase, such as ubiquitin-ligase.
Dsc E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0044695)cellular_componentAn E3 ubiquitin ligase complex localized to the ER and Golgi membrane. In fission yeast comprises Dsc1, 2, 3 and 4. Involved in the processes of fission yeast sre1 (human SREBP) transcriptional activator proteolytic cleavage, the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway, and a post-endoplasmic reticulum pathway for protein catabolism.
succinate-CoA ligase complex (GDP-forming)(GO:0045244)cellular_componentA heterodimeric enzyme complex, usually composed of an alpha and beta chain. Functions in the TCA cycle, hydrolyzing succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA, thereby forming GTP.
D-alanine [D-alanyl carrier protein] ligase activity(GO:0047473)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ATP-dependent activation of D-alanine and its transfer as a thiol ester to the phosphopantheinyl prosthetic group of a D-alanyl carrier protein, according to the reaction: ATP + D-alanine + a [D-alaninyl carrier protein] = a D-alanyl-[D-alanyl carrier protein] + AMP + diphosphate.
long-chain fatty acid luciferin component ligase activity(GO:0047474)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: protein + an acid + ATP = an acyl-protein thiolester + diphosphate + AMP. A long-chain fatty acid is a fatty acid with a chain length between C13 and C22.
phenylacetate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047475)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + CoA + phenylacetate = AMP + diphosphate + H(+) + phenylacetyl-CoA.
3-alpha,7-alpha-dihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047476)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: CoA + 3-alpha,7-alpha-dihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate + ATP = 3-alpha,7-alpha-dihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanoyl-CoA + diphosphate + AMP.
aspartate-ammonia ligase (ADP-forming) activity(GO:0047478)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate + ATP + NH(4)(+) = L-asparagine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-tripeptide-D-alanyl-D-alanine ligase activity(GO:0047480)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysine + ATP + D-alanyl-D-alanine = phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine + ADP.
D-alanine-alanyl-poly(glycerolphosphate) ligase activity(GO:0047481)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: alanyl-poly(glycerolphosphate) + D-alanine + ATP = D-alanyl-alanyl-poly(glycerolphosphate) + phosphate + ADP.
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate-L-lysine ligase activity(GO:0047482)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-lysine + ATP + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate = ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysine.
imidazoleacetate-phosphoribosyldiphosphate ligase activity(GO:0047483)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + ATP + H(2)O + imidazol-4-ylacetate = 1-(5-phosphoribosyl)imidazol-4-ylacetate + ADP + diphosphate + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-serine ligase activity(GO:0047527)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate + L-serine = products of ATP breakdown + N-(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-L-serine.
2-furoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047541)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2-furoate + ATP + CoA = 2-furoyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate + H(+).
4-methyleneglutamate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:0047581)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 4-methylene-L-glutamate + ATP + NH(4)(+) = 4-methylene-L-glutamine + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
acid-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) activity(GO:0047612)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: a carboxylate + CoA + GTP = acyl-CoA + GDP + H(+) + phosphate.
arachidonate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047676)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: arachidonate + ATP + CoA = AMP + arachidonoyl-CoA + diphosphate + H(+).
biotin-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047707)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + biotinyl-CoA.
cholate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047747)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reactions: (1) ATP + cholate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + choloyl-CoA and (2) ATP + (25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + (25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA.
butyrate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047760)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + an acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA.
citrate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047779)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + citrate + CoA = (3S)-citryl-CoA + ADP + H(+) + phosphate.
dicarboxylate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047851)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + an omega-dicarboxylic acid + CoASH= AMP + diphosphate + an omega-carboxyacyl-CoA.
formate-dihydrofolate ligase activity(GO:0047897)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 7,8-dihydrofolate + ATP + formate = 10-formyldihydrofolate + ADP + H(+) + phosphate.
glutamate-ethylamine ligase activity(GO:0047942)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + ethylamine = N(5)-ethyl-L-glutamine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
glutamate-methylamine ligase activity(GO:0047943)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + methylammonium = N(5)-methyl-L-glutamine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
glutarate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0047948)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + CoA + glutarate = ADP + glutaryl-CoA + H(+) + phosphate.
malate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0050074)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + malate + CoA = ADP + phosphate + malyl-CoA.
phytanate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0050197)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + CoA + phytanate = AMP + diphosphate + H(+) + phytanoyl-CoA.
oxalate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0050203)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + CoA + oxalate = AMP + diphosphate + H(+) + oxalyl-CoA.
propionate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0050218)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + propanoate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + propanoyl-CoA.
ribose-5-phosphate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:0050260)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: D-ribose 5-phosphate + ATP + NH(4)(+) = 5-phospho-D-ribosylamine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
tyrosine-arginine ligase activity(GO:0050367)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-arginine + L-tyrosine + ATP = L-tyrosyl-L-arginine + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
ubiquitin-calmodulin ligase activity(GO:0050372)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: n ATP + calmodulin + n ubiquitin = n AMP + n diphosphate + ubiquitin(n)-calmodulin.
aspartate-tRNA(Asn) ligase activity(GO:0050560)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: tRNA(Asx) + L-aspartate + ATP = aspartyl-tRNA(Asx) + diphosphate + AMP.
glutamate-tRNA(Gln) ligase activity(GO:0050561)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: tRNA(Glx) + L-glutamate + ATP = glutamyl-tRNA(Glx) + diphosphate + AMP.
lysine-tRNA(Pyl) ligase activity(GO:0050562)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: tRNA(Pyl) + L-lysine + ATP = L-lysyl-tRNA(Pyl) + diphosphate + AMP.
ligase activity, forming nitrogen-metal bonds(GO:0051002)molecular_functionCatalysis of the joining of a metal ion to a molecule via a nitrogen-metal bond, with the concomitant hydrolysis of the diphosphate bond in ATP or a similar triphosphate.
ligase activity, forming nitrogen-metal bonds, forming coordination complexes(GO:0051003)molecular_functionCatalysis of the ligation of two substances via a nitrogen-metal bond, forming a coordination complex.
regulation of ligase activity(GO:0051340)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of ligase activity, the catalysis of the ligation of two substances with concomitant breaking of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate. Ligase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 6.
positive regulation of ligase activity(GO:0051351)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ligase activity, the catalysis of the ligation of two substances with concomitant breaking of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate.
negative regulation of ligase activity(GO:0051352)biological_processAny process that stops or reduces the rate of ligase activity, the catalysis of the ligation of two substances with concomitant breaking of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate.
obsolete negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in mitotic cell cycle(GO:0051436)biological_processOBSOLETE. Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin ligase activity that contributes to the mitotic cell cycle. This term was obsoleted because it should be captured as a GO-CAM model. See https://github.com/geneontology/go-ontology/issues/15196
obsolete positive regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in regulation of mitotic cell cycle transition(GO:0051437)biological_processOBSOLETE. Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of ubiquitin ligase activity that contributes to the regulation of the mitotic cell cycle phase transition. This term was obsoleted because it should be captured as a GO-CAM model. See https://github.com/geneontology/go-ontology/issues/15196
obsolete regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in mitotic cell cycle(GO:0051439)biological_processOBSOLETE. A cell cycle process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin ligase activity that contributes to the mitotic cell cycle. 0
obsolete regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in meiotic cell cycle(GO:0051440)biological_processOBSOLETE. A cell cycle process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin ligase activity during the meiotic cell cycle. This term was obsoleted because it should be captured as a GO-CAM model. See https://github.com/geneontology/go-ontology/issues/15196
obsolete positive regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in meiotic cell cycle(GO:0051441)biological_processOBSOLETE. Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of ubiquitin ligase activity during the meiotic cell cycle. This term was obsoleted because it should be captured as a GO-CAM model. See https://github.com/geneontology/go-ontology/issues/15196
obsolete negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in meiotic cell cycle(GO:0051442)biological_processOBSOLETE. Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin ligase activity during the meiotic cell cycle. This term was obsoleted because it should be captured as a GO-CAM model. See https://github.com/geneontology/go-ontology/issues/15196
coenzyme F420-0:L-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0052618)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: GTP + L-glutamate + factor F420-0 = GDP + H+ + factor gamma-F420-1 + phosphate.
coenzyme F420-1:gamma-L-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0052619)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: GTP + L-glutamate + factor gamma-F420-1 = GDP + H+ + factor gamma-F420-2 + phosphate.
(3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoate:CoA ligase (ADP-forming) activity(GO:0052687)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: (3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoate + CoA-SH + ATP = H2O + ADP + phosphate + (3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoyl-CoA.
(3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming) activity(GO:0052688)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: (3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoate + CoA-SH + ATP = H2O + AMP + diphosphate + (3R)-3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoyl-CoA.
ligase regulator activity(GO:0055103)molecular_functionModulates the activity of a ligase.
ligase inhibitor activity(GO:0055104)molecular_functionStops, prevents or reduces the activity of a ligase.
ubiquitin ligase inhibitor activity(GO:1990948)molecular_functionStops, prevents or reduces the activity of a ubiquitin ligase.
ubiquitin protein ligase activity(GO:0061630)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of ubiquitin to a substrate protein via the reaction X-ubiquitin + S -> X + S-ubiquitin, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-ubiquitin linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-ubiquitin linkage is an amide bond: an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate or, in the linear extension of ubiquitin chains, a peptide bond the between the C-terminal glycine and N-terminal methionine of ubiquitin residues.
ubiquitin-like protein ligase activity(GO:0061659)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of a ubiquitin-like protein (ULP) to a substrate protein via the reaction X-ULP + S --> X + S-ULP, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-ULP linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-ULP linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal glycine of ULP and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
Atg12 ligase activity(GO:0061660)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of Atg12 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-Atg12 + S --> X + S-Atg12, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-Atg12 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-Atg12 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of Atg12 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
FAT10 ligase activity(GO:0061661)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of FAT10 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-FAT10 + S --> X + S-FAT10, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-FAT10 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-FAT10 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal glycine of FAT10 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
ISG15 ligase activity(GO:0061662)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of a ISG15 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-ISG15 + S --> X + S-ISG15, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-ISG15 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-ISG15 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of ISG15 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
NEDD8 ligase activity(GO:0061663)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of NEDD8 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-NEDD8 + S --> X + S-NEDD8, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-NEDD8 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-NEDD8 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of NEDD8 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
Pup ligase activity(GO:0061664)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of Pup to a substrate protein via the reaction X-Pup + S --> X + S-Pup, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-Pup linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-Pup linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of Pup and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
SUMO ligase activity(GO:0061665)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of SUMO to a substrate protein via the reaction X-SUMO + S --> X + S-SUMO, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-SUMO linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-SUMO linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of SUMO and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
UFM1 ligase activity(GO:0061666)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of UFM1 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-UFM1 + S --> X + S-UFM1, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-UFM1 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-UFM1 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of UFM1 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
URM1 ligase activity(GO:0061667)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of URM1 to a substrate protein via the reaction X-URM1 + S --> X + S-URM1, where X is either an E2 or E3 enzyme, the X-URM1 linkage is a thioester bond, and the S-URM1 linkage is an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal amino acid of URM1 and the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in the substrate.
pristanate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0070251)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + pristanate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + pristanoyl-CoA.
Ku-DNA ligase complex(GO:0070420)cellular_componentA nonhomologous end joining complex that contains one or more Ku monomers and one or more DNA ligase molecules from the LigC or LigD family, and mediates nonhomologous end joining in bacteria.
DNA ligase III-XRCC1 complex(GO:0070421)cellular_componentA protein complex that contains DNA ligase III and XRCC1, and is involved in base excision repair.
protein-glycine ligase activity(GO:0070735)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glycine residues to a specific glutamate residue on a target protein.
protein-glycine ligase activity, initiating(GO:0070736)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of a glycine residue to the gamma-carboxyl group(s) of one or more specific glutamate residues on a target protein.
protein-glycine ligase activity, elongating(GO:0070737)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glycine residues to a glycine residue covalently attached to the gamma-carboxyl group of a glutamate residue on a target protein, resulting in the elongation of a polyglycine side chain.
tubulin-glycine ligase activity(GO:0070738)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glycine residues to a specific glutamate residue on a target tubulin molecule; acts on alpha or beta tubulin.
protein-glutamic acid ligase activity(GO:0070739)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glutamate residues to a specific residue on a target protein.
tubulin-glutamic acid ligase activity(GO:0070740)molecular_functionCatalysis of the posttranslational transfer of one or more glutamate residues to the gamma-carboxyl group(s) of one or more specific glutamate residues on a tubulin molecule.
biotin-[pyruvate-carboxylase] ligase activity(GO:0071734)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin + apo-(pyruvate-carboxylase) = AMP + diphosphate + biotin-(pyruvate-carboxylase).
N-acetyl-L-aspartate-L-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0072590)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + N-acetyl-L-aspartate + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + N-acetylaspartyl-glutamate.
citrate-L-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0072591)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + citrate + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + beta-citryl-L-glutamate.
tRNA-splicing ligase complex(GO:0072669)cellular_componentA protein complex that catalyzes the ligation of cleaved pre-tRNAs by directly joining spliced tRNA halves to mature-sized tRNAs by incorporating the precursor-derived splice junction phosphate into the mature tRNA as a canonical 3',5'-phosphodiester.
Cul4-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0080008)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex in which a cullin from the Cul4 family and a RING domain protein form the catalytic core; substrate specificity is conferred by an adaptor protein.
myristoyl-CoA ligase activity(GO:0090432)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + myristic acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + myristoyl-CoA.
palmitoyl-CoA ligase activity(GO:0090433)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + palmitic acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + palmitoyl-CoA.
oleoyl-CoA ligase activity(GO:0090434)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + oleic acid + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + oleoyl-CoA.
SCF-Cdc4 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097660)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Cdc4 in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Ctf13 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097661)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Ctf13 in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Das1 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097662)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Das1 in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Dia2/Pof3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097663)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Dia2 in S. cerevisiae (Pof3 in S. pombe).
SCF-Grr1/Pof2 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097664)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Grr1 in S. cerevisiae (Pof2 in S. pombe).
SCF-Mdm30 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097665)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Mdm30 in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Met30/Pof1 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097666)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Met30 in S. cerevisiae (Pof1 in S pombe).
SCF-Rcy1/Pof6 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097667)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Rcy1 in S. cerevisiae (Pof6 in S. pombe).
SCF-Saf1/Pof9 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097668)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Saf1 in S. cerevisiae (Pof9 in S. pombe).
SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097669)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Skp2 in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Ufo1/Pof10 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097670)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Ufo1 in S. cerevisiae (Pof10 in S. pombe).
SCF-YDR131C ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097671)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is YDR131C in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Pof5 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097672)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Pof5 in S. pombe (YDR306C in S. cerevisiae).
SCF-Ucc1 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097673)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is YLR224W in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-YLR352W ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097674)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is YLR352W in S. cerevisiae.
SCF-Hrt3/Pof7 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:0097675)cellular_componentAn SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in which the F-box protein is Hrt3 in S. cerevisiae (Pof7 in S. pombe).
selenomethionine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0098618)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-Selenomethionine + tRNA(Met) => AMP + Diphosphate + Selenomethionyl-tRNA(Met).
selenocysteine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:0098619)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: tRNASec + L-Ser + ATP ---> Ser-tRNASec + AMP + Diphosphate.
mycothiol-arsenate ligase activity(GO:0102100)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: arsenate + mycothiol <=> mycothiol-arsenate conjugate + H2O
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate--D-lysine ligase activity(GO:0102195)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate + D-lysinium(1+) + ATP <=> UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-gamma-D-glutamyl-D-lysine + ADP + hydrogenphosphate + H+
decanoate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0102391)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: decanoate + ATP(4-) + coenzyme A(4-) <=> decanoyl-CoA(4-) + AMP(2-) + diphosphoric acid
decanoate-[HmqF protein] ligase activity(GO:0102392)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: decanoate + ATP(4-) + an HmqF protein <=> AMP(2-) + diphosphoric acid + a decanoyl-HmqF protein
5-aminolevulinate-CoA ligase activity(GO:0102637)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-ammoniolevulinate + coenzyme A + ATP <=> 5-aminolevulinyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphoric acid
ribosomal protein S6 glutamate-glutamate ligase activity(GO:0103044)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + a [protein] C-terminal L-glutamate = ADP + hydrogenphosphate + H+ + a [protein] with C-terminal alpha-L-glutamate-alpha-L-glutamate
trans-methoxy-C60-meroacyl-AMP ligase activity(GO:0103061)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP(4-) + H2O + a trans-methoxy-C60-meroacyl-[acp] <=> diphosphoric acid + a trans-methoxy-meroacyl-adenylate + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
cis-keto-C60-meroacyl-AMP ligase activity(GO:0103062)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP(4-) + H2O + a cis-keto-C60-meroacyl-[acp] <=> diphosphoric acid + a cis-keto-meroacyl-adenylate + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
trans-keto-C61-meroacyl-AMP ligase activity(GO:0103063)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP(4-) + H2O + a trans-keto-C61-meroacyl-[acp] <=> diphosphoric acid + a trans-keto-meroacyl-adenylate + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
SUMO ligase complex(GO:0106068)cellular_componentA protein ligase complex that enables protein sumoylation. Consists of a SUMO-protein transferase and other proteins that may confer substrate specificity of the complex.
SUMO-ubiquitin ligase activity(GO:0140082)molecular_functionIsoenergetic transfer of SUMO from one protein to an existing ubiquitin chain via the reaction X-ubiquitin + Y-ubiquitin -> Y-ubiquitin-ubiquitin + X, where both the X-ubiquitin and Y-ubiquitin-ubiquitin linkages are thioester bonds between the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin and a sulfhydryl side group of a cysteine residue.
regulation of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903630)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903631)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903632)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity.
regulation of leucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903633)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of leucine-tRNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of leucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903634)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of leucine-tRNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of leucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1903635)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of leucine-tRNA ligase activity.
regulation of ubiquitin protein ligase activity(GO:1904666)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin protein ligase activity.
negative regulation of ubiquitin protein ligase activity(GO:1904667)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin protein ligase activity.
positive regulation of ubiquitin protein ligase activity(GO:1904668)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin protein ligase activity.
regulation of DNA ligase activity(GO:1904875)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of DNA ligase activity(GO:1904876)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of DNA ligase activity(GO:1904877)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligase activity.
regulation of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905015)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905016)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905017)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity.
regulation of methionine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905018)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of methionine-tRNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of methionine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905019)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of methionine-tRNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of methionine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905020)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of methionine-tRNA ligase activity.
regulation of threonine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905021)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of threonine-tRNA ligase activity.
negative regulation of threonine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905022)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of threonine-tRNA ligase activity.
positive regulation of threonine-tRNA ligase activity(GO:1905023)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of threonine-tRNA ligase activity.
regulation of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:1905478)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity.
negative regulation of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:1905479)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity.
positive regulation of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity(GO:1905480)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of glutamate-ammonia ligase activity.
SCF ubiquitin ligase complex binding(GO:1905761)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with a SCF ubiquitin ligase complex.
Dsc E3 ubiquitin ligase complex assembly(GO:1990155)biological_processThe aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a Dsc E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex localized to the ER and Golgi membrane.
Bre1-Rad6 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990302)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex consisting of Bre1 and Rad6 that mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2B to form H2BK123ub1. H2BK123ub1 gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation, elongation by RNA polymerase II, telomeric silencing, and is also a prerequisite for H3K4me and H3K79me formation. It thereby plays a central role in histone code and gene regulation. It also modulates the formation of double-strand breaks during meiosis.
UBR1-RAD6 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990303)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex consisting of UBR1 and RAD6 components. It polyubiquitinates proteins containing non-acetylated N-terminal residues causing their subsequent degradation by the proteasome as part of the Ac/N-End Rule pathway. It recognizes non-acetylated N-terminal methionine if it is followed by a hydrophobic residue. Additionally, it acts in an N-end rule independent manner as a component of a novel quality control pathway for proteins synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes.
MUB1-RAD6-UBR2 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990304)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex consisting of MUB1, RAD6 and UBR2 components. It ubiquitinates, and targets for destruction, the RPN4 transcription factor, which upregulates the proteasome genes. The binding of MUB1 may position the RPN4 ubiquitylation site proximal to the Ubiquitin-RAD6 thioester and allow the transfer of Ubiquitin from RAD6 to RPN4. One of its components, MUB1, is a short-lived protein ubiquitinated by the UBR2-RAD6 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme.
RAD6-UBR2 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990305)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex consisting of RAD6 and UBR2 components. It may act in a quality control pathway for proteins synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes. The UBR2 component lacks sequence motifs required for N-end rule degradation.
RSP5-BUL ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990306)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex consisting of RSP5 and BUL components. It polyubiquinates plasma membrane transporters and permeases, required for their endocytosis and subsequent degradation in the vacuole. BUL1 or BUL2, respectively, bind to the target protein, enabling ubiquitylation by Rsp5. Phosphorylation of BUL proteins results in binding to 14-3-3 proteins, protecting the permeases from down-regulation.
BRE1 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990352)cellular_componentA homodimeric protein complex composed of the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase BRE1. Plays a role in regulating association of RNA polymerase II with active genes.
Fused-Smurf ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990353)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex. In D. melanogaster, it regulates ubiquitination and proteolysis of the BMP receptor Thickveins in cystoblasts, potentially by controlling Tkv ubiquitination and degradation.
activated SUMO-E1 ligase complex(GO:1990354)cellular_componentA protein complex consisting of a SUMO protein bound to a SUMO activating enzyme complex. Activation by the E1 complex and linkage to the E2 enzyme UBE2I is required for the formation of covalent bonds between SUMO and its ultimate target proteins.
sumoylated E2 ligase complex(GO:1990356)cellular_componentA protein complex consisting of a SUMO (small ubiquitin-related modifier) protein bound to a SUMO-conjugating E2 ligase. Sumoylation of the E2 ligase is an intermediate step required for the formation of covalent bonds between a SUMO protein and its ultimate protein target. SUMO is transferred to the E2 ligase by a SUMO-activating E1 enzyme. Sumoylation of the target protein is either facilitated directly by the sumoylated E2 ligase or aided by an optional E3 ligase.
Parkin-FBXW7-Cul1 ubiquitin ligase complex(GO:1990452)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex containing Parkin (PARK2), the F-box protein FBXW7 (also called SEL-10) and a cullin from the Cul1 subfamily; substrate specificity is conferred by the F-box protein.
glutamate-cysteine ligase regulator activity(GO:1990609)molecular_functionBinds to and modulates the activity of glutamate-cysteine ligase.
ubiquitin ligase activator activity(GO:1990757)molecular_functionBinds to and increases the activity of a ubiquitin ligase.
protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity(GO:0003810)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: protein glutamine + alkylamine = protein N5-alkylglutamine + NH3. This reaction is the formation of the N6-(L-isoglutamyl)-L-lysine isopeptide, resulting in cross-linking polypeptide chains; the gamma-carboxamide groups of peptidyl-glutamine residues act as acyl donors, and the 6-amino-groups of peptidyl-lysine residues act as acceptors, to give intra- and intermolecular N6-(5-glutamyl)lysine cross-links.
CTP synthase activity(GO:0003883)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + UTP + NH3 = ADP + phosphate + CTP.
GMP synthase activity(GO:0003921)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + xanthosine 5'-phosphate + NH3 = AMP + diphosphate + GMP.
GMP synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0003922)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + xanthosine 5'-phosphate + L-glutamine + H2O = AMP + diphosphate + GMP + L-glutamate.
NAD+ synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0003952)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + deamido-NAD+ + L-glutamine + H2O = AMP + diphosphate + NAD+ + L-glutamate.
RNA-3'-phosphate cyclase activity(GO:0003963)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + RNA 3'-terminal-phosphate = AMP + diphosphate + RNA terminal-2',3'-cyclic-phosphate.
acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity(GO:0003989)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetyl-CoA + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + malonyl-CoA.
adenylosuccinate synthase activity(GO:0004019)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate + GTP + IMP = N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)-AMP + GDP + 3 H(+) + phosphate.
argininosuccinate synthase activity(GO:0004055)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-citrulline + L-aspartate = AMP + diphosphate + (N(omega)-L-arginino)succinate.
asparagine synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0004066)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-aspartate + L-glutamine = AMP + diphosphate + L-asparagine + L-glutamate.
biotin carboxylase activity(GO:0004075)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin-carboxyl-carrier protein + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier protein.
carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia) activity(GO:0004087)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + CO(2) + H(2)O + NH(4)(+) = 2 ADP + carbamoyl phosphate + 5 H(+) + phosphate.
carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0004088)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + L-glutamine + CO2 + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
dethiobiotin synthase activity(GO:0004141)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 7,8-diaminononanoate + ATP + CO(2) = ADP + dethiobiotin + 4 H(+) + phosphate.
tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate synthase activity(GO:0004326)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n) + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n+1).
glutathione synthase activity(GO:0004363)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteine + ATP + glycine = ADP + glutathione + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
methylcrotonoyl-CoA carboxylase activity(GO:0004485)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 3-methylbut-2-enoyl-CoA + ATP + bicarbonate = trans-3-methylglutaconyl-CoA + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide synthase activity(GO:0004639)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-aspartate + ATP = (2S)-2-[5-amino-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine synthase activity(GO:0004642)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide + L-glutamine + ATP + H(2)O = 2-(formamido)-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)acetamidine + L-glutamate + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
propionyl-CoA carboxylase activity(GO:0004658)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + propanoyl-CoA + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA.
pyruvate carboxylase activity(GO:0004736)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + bicarbonate + pyruvate = ADP + 2 H(+) + oxaloacetate + phosphate.
ubiquitin-protein transferase activity(GO:0004842)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of ubiquitin from one protein to another via the reaction X-Ub + Y --> Y-Ub + X, where both X-Ub and Y-Ub are covalent linkages.
urea carboxylase activity(GO:0004847)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + bicarbonate + urea = ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate.
4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase activity(GO:0046820)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamine + chorismate = 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate + L-glutamate. It is composed of two enzymatic activities (which may be present on one or two polypeptides); the first is a glutaminase which yields ammonia from glutamine, releasing glutamate. The ammonia is used by the second activity which catalyzes the amination of chorismate to form 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate.
(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)adenylate synthase activity(GO:0008668)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate + ATP = 2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl 5'-adenylate + diphosphate.
NAD+ synthase activity(GO:0008795)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + deamido-NAD+ + NH3 = AMP + diphosphate + NAD+.
dihydrofolate synthase activity(GO:0008841)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + dihydropterate + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + dihydrofolate.
glutathionylspermidine synthase activity(GO:0008885)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine + spermidine + ATP = N1-(gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycyl)-spermidine + ADP + phosphate.
glycine C-acetyltransferase activity(GO:0008890)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + glycine = L-2-amino-3-oxobutanoate + CoA + H(+).
tartronate-semialdehyde synthase activity(GO:0009028)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 glyoxylate + H(+) = 2-hydroxy-3-oxopropanoate + CO(2).
acetone carboxylase activity(GO:0018710)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: acetone + ATP + CO(2) + 2 H(2)O = acetoacetate + AMP + 4 H(+) + 2 phosphate.
Atg12 transferase activity(GO:0019777)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of ATG12 from one protein to another via the reaction X-ATG12 + Y --> Y-ATG12 + X, where both X-ATG12 and Y-ATG12 are covalent linkages.
ubiquitin-like protein transferase activity(GO:0019787)molecular_functionCatalysis of the transfer of a ubiquitin-like from one protein to another via the reaction X-ULP + Y --> Y-ULP + X, where both X-ULP and Y-ULP are covalent linkages. ULP represents a ubiquitin-like protein.
obsolete mRNA splicing via endonucleolytic cleavage and ligation involved in unfolded protein response(GO:0030969)biological_processOBSOLETE. The spliceosome-independent cleavage and ligation of the mRNA encoding a UFP-specific transcription factor to remove a single intron, thereby increasing both the translational efficiency of the processed mRNA and the activity of the protein it encodes. The reason for obsoletion is that this process represent a single MF (single step) of the IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response (GO:0036498).
(carboxyethyl)arginine beta-lactam-synthase activity(GO:0034027)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: N(2)-(2-carboxyethyl)-L-arginine + ATP = AMP + deoxyamidinoproclavaminate + diphosphate + 2 H(+).
5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide synthase activity(GO:0034028)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + ATP + bicarbonate = 5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + ADP + 3 H(+) + phosphate.
adenosylcobinamide-phosphate synthase activity(GO:0043757)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reactions: ATP + adenosylcobyric acid + (R)-1-aminopropan-2-yl phosphate = ADP + phosphate + adenosylcobinamide phosphate, and ATP + adenosylcobyric acid + (R)-1-aminopropan-2-ol = ADP + phosphate + adenosylcobinamide.
pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase activity(GO:0043767)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-pyrrolysine + tRNA(Pyl) = AMP + diphosphate + L-pyrrolysyl-tRNA(Pyl).
hydrogenobyrinic acid a,c-diamide synthase (glutamine-hydrolysing) activity(GO:0043802)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 L-glutamine + 2 ATP + 2 H(2)O + hydrogenobyrinate = 2 L-glutamate + 2 ADP + 4 H(+) + hydrogenobyrinate a,c-diamide + 2 phosphate.
3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA synthetase activity(GO:0043955)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxypropionate + ATP + CoA = 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate.
3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA dehydratase activity(GO:0043956)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA = acrylyl-CoA + H2O.
acryloyl-CoA reductase (NADP+) activity(GO:0043957)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: acryloyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = propionyl-CoA + NADP+.
ubiquitin-like protein conjugating enzyme binding(GO:0044390)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with a ubiquitin-like protein conjugating enzyme such as ubiquitin conjugating enzyme.
[glutamine synthetase]-adenylyl-L-tyrosine phosphorylase(GO:0047388)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: adenylyl-[L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)] + H2O = AMP + [L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)].
trypanothione synthase activity(GO:0047479)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: reduced glutathione + glutathionylspermidine + ATP = trypanothione + ADP + phosphate.
indoleacetate-lysine synthetase activity(GO:0047721)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: (indol-3-yl)acetate + L-lysine + ATP = N(6)-[(indole-3-yl)acetyl]-L-lysine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
carnosine synthase activity(GO:0047730)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-histidine + beta-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + carnosine.
gamma-glutamylhistamine synthase activity(GO:0047914)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: histamine + L-glutamate + ATP = N(alpha)-gamma-L-glutamylhistamine + products of ATP breakdown.
geranoyl-CoA carboxylase activity(GO:0047925)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + bicarbonate + geranoyl-CoA = 3-(4-methylpent-3-en-1-yl)pent-2-enedioyl-CoA + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
homoglutathione synthase activity(GO:0047983)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: beta-alanine + L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteine + ATP = gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-beta-alanine + ADP + 2 H(+) + phosphate.
pyruvate, phosphate dikinase activity(GO:0050242)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + phosphate + pyruvate = AMP + diphosphate + 2 H(+) + phosphoenolpyruvate.
[acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphatase activity(GO:0050406)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: [acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphate + H2O = [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] + phosphate.
2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate synthase activity(GO:0050439)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + glyoxylate + H(+) = 2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate + CO(2).
2-hydroxypropyl-CoM lyase activity(GO:0050555)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reactions: (R)-2-hydroxypropyl-CoM = H-S-CoM + (R)-1,2-epoxypropane, and (S)-2-hydroxypropyl-CoM = H-S-CoM + (S)-1,2-epoxypropane.
trans-feruloyl-CoA synthase activity(GO:0050563)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ferulic acid + CoASH + ATP = trans-feruloyl-CoA + products of ATP breakdown.
N-(5-amino-5-carboxypentanoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthase activity(GO:0050564)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-2-aminoadipate + L-cysteine + L-valine + 3 ATP + H(2)O = N-[(5S)-5-amino-5-carboxypentanoyl]-L-cysteinyl-D-valine + 3 AMP + 3 diphosphate + 6 H(+).
aerobactin synthase activity(GO:0050565)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 2 N(6)-acetyl-N(6)-hydroxy-L-lysine + 4 ATP + citrate + 2 H(2)O = 4 ADP + aerobactin + 8 H(+) + 4 phosphate.
asparaginyl-tRNA synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0050566)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamine + aspartyl-tRNA(Asn) + ATP = L-glutamate + asparaginyl-tRNA(Asn) + phosphate + ADP.
glutaminyl-tRNA synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0050567)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: L-glutamine + glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) + ATP = L-glutamate + glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln) + phosphate + ADP.
cobaltochelatase activity(GO:0051116)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: ATP + Co(2+) + H(2)O + hydrogenobyrinate a,c-diamide = ADP + cob(II)yrinate a,c diamide + 4 H(+) + phosphate.
positive regulation of ubiquitin-protein transferase activity(GO:0051443)biological_processAny process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of ubiquitin transferase activity.
adenosylcobyric acid synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity(GO:0051921)molecular_functionCatalysis of the reaction: 4 L-glutamine + adenosylcob(III)yrinate a,c-diamide + 4 ATP + 4 H(2)O = 4 L-glutamate + adenosylcobyrate + 4 ADP + 8 H(+) + 4 phosphate.
negative regulation of SUMO transferase activity(GO:1903183)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of SUMO ligase activity.
regulation of argininosuccinate synthase activity(GO:1905752)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of argininosuccinate synthase activity.
positive regulation of argininosuccinate synthase activity(GO:1905753)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of argininosuccinate synthase activity.
pyrimidine dimer repair by nucleotide-excision repair(GO:0000720)biological_processThe repair of UV-induced T-T, C-T, and C-C dimers by the recognition and removal of the damaged DNA strand from the DNA helix as an oligonucleotide. The small gap left in the DNA helix is filled in by the sequential action of DNA polymerase and DNA ligase.
bile acid conjugation(GO:0002152)biological_processThe process in which bile acids are covalently linked to taurine or glycine.
anaphase-promoting complex(GO:0005680)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex that degrades mitotic cyclins and anaphase inhibitory protein, thereby triggering sister chromatid separation and exit from mitosis. Substrate recognition by APC occurs through degradation signals, the most common of which is termed the Dbox degradation motif, originally discovered in cyclin B.
DNA ligation(GO:0006266)biological_processThe re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase.
lagging strand elongation(GO:0006273)biological_processThe synthesis of DNA from a template strand in a net 3' to 5' direction. Lagging strand DNA elongation proceeds by discontinuous synthesis of short stretches of DNA, known as Okazaki fragments, from RNA primers; these fragments are then joined by DNA ligase. Although each segment of nascent DNA is synthesized in the 5' to 3' direction, the overall direction of lagging strand synthesis is 3' to 5', mirroring the progress of the replication fork.
base-excision repair(GO:0006284)biological_processIn base excision repair, an altered base is removed by a DNA glycosylase enzyme, followed by excision of the resulting sugar phosphate. The small gap left in the DNA helix is filled in by the sequential action of DNA polymerase and DNA ligase.
base-excision repair, DNA ligation(GO:0006288)biological_processThe ligation by DNA ligase of DNA strands. Ligation occurs after polymerase action to fill the gap left by the action of endonucleases during base-excision repair.
nucleotide-excision repair(GO:0006289)biological_processA DNA repair process in which a small region of the strand surrounding the damage is removed from the DNA helix as an oligonucleotide. The small gap left in the DNA helix is filled in by the sequential action of DNA polymerase and DNA ligase. Nucleotide excision repair recognizes a wide range of substrates, including damage caused by UV irradiation (pyrimidine dimers and 6-4 photoproducts) and chemicals (intrastrand cross-links and bulky adducts).
nucleotide-excision repair, DNA gap filling(GO:0006297)biological_processRepair of the gap in the DNA helix by DNA polymerase and DNA ligase after the portion of the strand containing the lesion has been removed by pyrimidine-dimer repair enzymes.
COP9 signalosome(GO:0008180)cellular_componentA protein complex that catalyzes the deneddylation of proteins, including the cullin component of SCF ubiquitin E3 ligase; deneddylation increases the activity of cullin family ubiquitin ligases. The signalosome is involved in many regulatory process, including some which control development, in many species; also regulates photomorphogenesis in plants; in many species its subunits are highly similar to those of the proteasome.
excinuclease repair complex(GO:0009380)cellular_componentAny of the protein complexes formed by the UvrABC excinuclease system, which carries out nucleotide excision repair. Three different complexes are formed by the 3 proteins as they proceed through the excision repair process. First a complex consisting of two A subunits and two B subunits bind DNA and unwind it around the damaged site. Then, the A subunits disassociate leaving behind a stable complex between B subunits and DNA. Now, subunit C binds to this B+DNA complex and causes subunit B to nick the DNA on one side of the complex while subunit C nicks the DNA on the other side of the complex. DNA polymerase I and DNA ligase can then repair the resulting gap.
obsolete SCF complex substrate recognition subunit(GO:0009839)cellular_componentOBSOLETE. The portion of the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex that contains sites required for recognition (and recruitment) of the substrate to the complex. This term was made obsolete because it represents a single gene product and not a complex.
SCF complex assembly(GO:0010265)biological_processThe aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the SKP1-Cullin/Cdc53-F-box protein ubiquitin ligase (SCF) complex.
anaphase-promoting complex binding(GO:0010997)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with an anaphase-promoting complex. A ubiquitin ligase complex that degrades mitotic cyclins and anaphase inhibitory protein, thereby triggering sister chromatid separation and exit from mitosis.
C-terminal protein-tyrosinylation(GO:0018166)biological_processThe ATP-dependent addition of a tyrosine residue to the C-terminus of a protein; typically the addition of tyrosine to the C-terminus of detyrosinated alpha-tubulin by the enzyme tubulin-tyrosine ligase.
enzyme active site formation via N6-(phospho-5'-adenosine)-L-lysine(GO:0018329)biological_processThe transient adenylylation of lysine to form N6-(phospho-5'-adenosine)-L-lysine, found in the active site of DNA ligase and RNA ligase.
VCB complex(GO:0030891)cellular_componentA protein complex that possesses ubiquitin ligase activity; the complex is usually pentameric; for example, in mammals the subunits are pVHL, elongin B, elongin C, cullin-2 (Cul2), and Rbx1.
BRCA1-BARD1 complex(GO:0031436)cellular_componentA heterodimeric complex comprising BRCA1 and BARD1, which possesses ubiquitin ligase activity and is involved in genome maintenance, possibly by functioning in surveillance for DNA damage.
HULC complex(GO:0033503)cellular_componentA ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme complex that contains two RING finger proteins, which have ubiquitin ligase activity, in addition to a protein with ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme activity; catalyzes the ubiquitination of histone H2B at lysine 119 (or the equivalent residue). In Schizosaccharomyces the subunits are Rhp1, Brl2/Rfp1 and Brl1/Rfp2.
GID complex(GO:0034657)cellular_componentA protein complex with ubiquitin ligase activity that is involved in proteasomal degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase during the transition from gluconeogenic to glycolytic growth conditions. In S. cerevisiae, the GID (Glucose Induced degradation Deficient) complex consists of Vid30p, Rmd5p, Vid24p, Vid28p, Gid7p, Gid8p, and Fyv10p.
D-alanyl carrier activity(GO:0036370)molecular_functionBinding a D-alanine and presenting it for processing or offloading to a cognate enzyme. Covalently binds the D-alanine via a phosphopantetheine prosthetic group and mediates protein-protein interactions with the enzyme conferring specificity. The carrier protein provides an essential link between the D-alanine-D-alanyl carrier protein ligase and the incorporation of D-alanine into lipoteichoic acid by transferring activated D-alanine to cell membrane phosphatidylglycerol (PG).
tRNA aminoacylation(GO:0043039)biological_processThe chemical reactions and pathways by which the various amino acids become bonded to their corresponding tRNAs. The most common route for synthesis of aminoacyl tRNA is by the formation of an ester bond between the 3'-hydroxyl group of the most 3' adenosine of the tRNA and the alpha carboxylic acid group of an amino acid, usually catalyzed by the cognate aminoacyl-tRNA ligase. A given aminoacyl-tRNA ligase aminoacylates all species of an isoaccepting group of tRNA molecules.
DNA ligation involved in DNA recombination(GO:0051102)biological_processThe re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase, that contributes to DNA recombination.
DNA ligation involved in DNA repair(GO:0051103)biological_processThe re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase, that contributes to DNA repair.
DNA-dependent DNA replication DNA ligation(GO:0051104)biological_processThe re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase, that contributes to DNA-dependent DNA replication.
regulation of DNA ligation(GO:0051105)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligation, the re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase.
positive regulation of DNA ligation(GO:0051106)biological_processAny process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligation, the re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase.
negative regulation of DNA ligation(GO:0051107)biological_processAny process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA ligation, the re-formation of a broken phosphodiester bond in the DNA backbone, carried out by DNA ligase.
nonhomologous end joining complex(GO:0070419)cellular_componentA protein complex that plays a role in DNA double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining. Such complexes typically contain a specialized DNA ligase (e.g. Lig4 in eukaryotes) and one or more proteins that bind to DNA ends.
RC-1 DNA recombination complex(GO:0070467)cellular_componentA protein complex that contains DNA ligase III, DNA polymerase epsilon, a 5'-3' exonuclease, and the SMC1 and SMC2 proteins, and is involved in recombinational repair of deletions and gaps in DNA.
Ddb1-Ckn1 complex(GO:0070912)cellular_componentA heterodimeric nucleotide-excision repair complex that is involved in transcription-coupled repair. The subunits are known as Ddb1 and Ckn1 in S. pombe; Ddb1 contains a motif called the DDB-box that interacts with adaptor proteins for DDB1/cullin 4 ubiquitin ligases.
Ddb1-Wdr21 complex(GO:0070913)cellular_componentA heterodimeric nucleotide-excision repair complex that is involved in transcription-coupled repair. The subunits are known as Ddb1 and Wdr21 in S. pombe; Ddb1 contains a motif called the DDB-box that interacts with adaptor proteins for DDB1/cullin 4 ubiquitin ligases.
ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process via the N-end rule pathway(GO:0071596)biological_processThe chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide covalently tagged with ubiquitin, via the N-end rule pathway. In the N-end rule pathway, destabilizing N-terminal residues (N-degrons) in substrates are recognized by E3 ligases (N-recognins), whereupon the substrates are linked to ubiquitin and then delivered to the proteasome for degradation.
LUBAC complex(GO:0071797)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex that catalyzes linear head-to-tail polyubiquitin conjugation on its targets. In human the complex consists of RBCK1, RNF31 and SHARPIN, and has an MW of approximately 600 kDa, suggesting a heteromultimeric assembly of its subunits. LUBAC stands for Linear Ubiquitin Chain Assembly Complex.
Rad6-Rad18 complex(GO:0097505)cellular_componentA ubiquitin ligase complex found to be involved in post-replicative bypass of UV-damaged DNA and UV mutagenesis. In S. cerevisiae, the complex contains the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme Rad6 and Rad18, a protein containing a RING finger motif and a nucleotide binding motif. The yeast Rad6-Rad18 heterodimer has ubiquitin conjugating activity, binds single-stranded DNA, and possesses single-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase activity.
cullin family protein binding(GO:0097602)molecular_functionInteracting selectively and non-covalently with any member of the cullin family, hydrophobic proteins that act as scaffolds for ubiquitin ligases (E3).
Asi complex(GO:0097658)cellular_componentA nuclear ubiquitin ligase multiprotein complex located in the inner nuclear membrane (INM) that recognizes and ubiquitinates misfolded INM proteins and also some proteins involved in sterol biosynthesis, during ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In S. cerevisiae, this complex contains the ubiquitin ligases Asi1p and Asi3p.
double-strand break repair via classical nonhomologous end joining(GO:0097680)biological_processAn instance of double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining that requires a number of factors important for V(D)J recombination, including the KU70/80 heterodimer (KU), XRCC4, ligase IV, and DNA-PKcs in mammals. It does not produce translocations (as opposed to the alternative nonhomologous end joining).
synapsis initiation complex(GO:0106069)cellular_componentA SUMO-E3 ligase complex capable of promoting synapsis, the meiotic cell cycle process where side by side pairing and physical juxtaposition of homologous chromosomes is created during meiotic prophase.
stress-induced homeostatically regulated protein degradation pathway(GO:0120174)biological_processA stress-inducible protein catabolic pathway that promotes protein quality control by accelerating the degradation of misfolded ER membrane and cytosolic proteins, as well as native proteins. The pathway starts with the activation, by stress, of the Nma111p/Ynm3p serine protease, which cleaves the stress-induced hydrophilin Roq1p, resulting in the generation of a Roq1p cleavage product that selectively interacts with Ubr1p, an E3 ubiquitin ligase. Interaction with the Ubr1p type-1 substrate binding site reprograms the substrate specificity of this ubiquitin ligase resulting in the selective proteasome-mediated degradation of misfolded and native proteins. The pathway ends with degradation of the protein by the cytoplasmic proteasome. Currently, NMA111, ROQ1, UBR1, RAD6, and CDC48 are considered to be involved in this quality control pathway.
BCOR complex(GO:0140261)cellular_componentA protein-containing complex that monoubiquitinates histone H2A on K119, thus it facilitates the maintenance of the transcriptionally repressive state of some genes, such as BCL6. It consists of the corepressor BCOR or BCORL1, a Polycomb group (PcG) and a SCF ubiquitin ligase subcomplexes.nIn mammals, the core subunits of the complex include the PcG and PcG-associated proteins NSPC1, RING1, RNF2, and RYBP and the components of the SCF ubiquitin ligase, SKP1, and FBXL10.
regulation of SUMO transferase activity(GO:1903182)biological_processAny process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of SUMO ligase activity.
SCF complex disassembly in response to cadmium stress(GO:1990171)biological_processThe disaggregation of the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex in response to cadmium stress.
ribonucleotide excision repair(GO:1990516)biological_processThe pathway by which a ribonucleotide is removed from DNA and replaced by a deoxyribonucleotide. The ribonucleotide is incised by RNase H2, and further excised by an endonuclease. The resulting 1 nt gap is then repaired by DNA polymerase and DNA ligase.
protein binding, bridging involved in substrate recognition for ubiquitination(GO:1990756)molecular_functionThe binding activity of a molecule that brings together a ubiquitin ligase and its substrate. Usually mediated by F-box BTB/POZ domain proteins.

 

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GO2PDB@JenaLib
Tue Jul 9 10:48:17 2019