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(-) Description

Title :  PHF19 LINKS METHYLATED LYSINE 36 OF HISTONE H3 TO REGULATION OF POLYCOMB ACTIVITY
 
Authors :  A. Lapinaite, B. Simon, T. Carlomagno
Date :  04 Oct 12  (Deposition) - 31 Oct 12  (Release) - 19 Dec 12  (Revision)
Method :  SOLUTION NMR
Resolution :  NOT APPLICABLE
Chains :  NMR Structure  :  A,B  (10x)
NMR Structure *:  A,B  (1x)
Keywords :  Phf-19, Histone Recognition, H3K36Me3, Transcription (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  C. Ballare, M. Lange, A. Lapinaite, G. Mas Martin, L. Morey, G. Pascu, R. Liefke, B. Simon, Y. Shi, O. Gozani, T. Carlomagno, S. A. Benitah, L. Di Croce
Phf19 Links Methylated Lys36 Of Histone H3 To Regulation Of Polycomb Activity
Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. V. 19 1257 2012
PubMed-ID: 23104054  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1038/NSMB.2434

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - PHD FINGER PROTEIN 19
    ChainsA
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI BL21
    Expression System Taxid511693
    Expression System VariantROSETTA 2
    Expression System VectorPET-MCN
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentTUDOR DOMAIN, RESIDUES 38-95
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SynonymPOLYCOMB-LIKE PROTEIN 3, HPCL3
 
Molecule 2 - HISTONE H3
    ChainsB
    FragmentH3(31-41)K36ME3, RESIDUES 32-42
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SyntheticYES

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  12
NMR Structure (10x)AB
NMR Structure * (1x)AB

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1M3L1Mod. Amino AcidN-TRIMETHYLLYSINE
NMR Structure * (1, 1)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1M3L1Mod. Amino AcidN-TRIMETHYLLYSINE

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 4BD3)

(-) SS Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "SS Bond" information available for 4BD3)

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "Cis Peptide Bond" information available for 4BD3)

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (0, 0)

(no "SAP(SNP)/Variant" information available for 4BD3)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (0, 0)

(no "PROSITE Motif" information available for 4BD3)

(-) Exons   (4, 4)

NMR Structure (4, 4)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.2bENST000003593032bENSE00001974165chr6:27858570-27858160411H31_HUMAN1-1361361B:31-4111

2.1aENST000003738961aENSE00001461870chr9:123639606-123639369238PHF19_HUMAN-00--
2.4ENST000003738964ENSE00001369777chr9:123637034-123636834201PHF19_HUMAN1-62621A:38-6225
2.5ENST000003738965ENSE00001370238chr9:123636338-12363625782PHF19_HUMAN63-90281A:63-9028
2.6bENST000003738966bENSE00001378247chr9:123632816-12363272196PHF19_HUMAN90-122331A:90-956
2.7aENST000003738967aENSE00001198622chr9:123632223-123632123101PHF19_HUMAN122-155340--
2.8bENST000003738968bENSE00001198618chr9:123631608-123631460149PHF19_HUMAN156-205500--
2.11ENST0000037389611ENSE00001662900chr9:123629243-12362914896PHF19_HUMAN205-237330--
2.12aENST0000037389612aENSE00000724232chr9:123628374-12362830669PHF19_HUMAN237-260240--
2.12eENST0000037389612eENSE00002189050chr9:123628108-123627988121PHF19_HUMAN260-300410--
2.13bENST0000037389613bENSE00001668312chr9:123626394-12362632768PHF19_HUMAN301-323230--
2.14bENST0000037389614bENSE00001611765chr9:123625027-123624866162PHF19_HUMAN323-377550--
2.15bENST0000037389615bENSE00001748069chr9:123624283-12362419688PHF19_HUMAN377-406300--
2.16bENST0000037389616bENSE00001731862chr9:123623452-12362336786PHF19_HUMAN407-435290--
2.17bENST0000037389617bENSE00001627454chr9:123622463-12362236896PHF19_HUMAN435-467330--
2.18dENST0000037389618dENSE00001461866chr9:123620564-1236179772588PHF19_HUMAN467-5801140--

(-) Sequences/Alignments

NMR Structure
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:58
 aligned with PHF19_HUMAN | Q5T6S3 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:580

    Alignment length:58
                                    47        57        67        77        87        
           PHF19_HUMAN   38 SKLTEGQYVLCRWTDGLYYLGKIKRVSSSKQSCLVTFEDNSKYWVLWKDIQHAGVPGE 95
               SCOP domains ---------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ---------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author .......eeeee.....eeeeeeeeee....eeeeee....eeeee...eee...... Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 2 (1) Exon 2.4  PDB: A:38-62   Exon 2.5  PDB: A:63-90      ----- Transcript 2 (1)
           Transcript 2 (2) ----------------------------------------------------2.6b   Transcript 2 (2)
                  4bd3 A 38 SKLTEGQYVLCRWTDGLYYLGKIKRVSSSKQSCLVTFEDNSKYWVLWKDIQHAGVPGE 95
                                    47        57        67        77        87        

Chain B from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:11
 aligned with H31_HUMAN | P68431 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:136

    Alignment length:11
                                    41 
             H31_HUMAN   32 ATGGVKKPHRY 42
               SCOP domains ----------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ----------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ----------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author .......ee.. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ----------- PROSITE
               Transcript 1 Exon 1.2b   Transcript 1
                  4bd3 B 31 ATGGVkKPHRY 41
                                 |  40 
                                 |     
                                36-M3L 

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (0, 0)

(no "SCOP Domain" information available for 4BD3)

(-) CATH Domains  (0, 0)

(no "CATH Domain" information available for 4BD3)

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 4BD3)

(-) Gene Ontology  (35, 39)

NMR Structure(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (PHF19_HUMAN | Q5T6S3)
molecular function
    GO:0046872    metal ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any metal ion.
    GO:0035064    methylated histone binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a histone in which a residue has been modified by methylation. Histones are any of a group of water-soluble proteins found in association with the DNA of eukaroytic chromosomes.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0008270    zinc ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with zinc (Zn) ions.
biological process
    GO:0045814    negative regulation of gene expression, epigenetic    Any epigenetic process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of gene expression.
    GO:0061087    positive regulation of histone H3-K27 methylation    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of histone H3-K27 methylation. Histone H3-K27 methylation is the modification of histone H3 by addition of a methyl group to lysine at position 27 of the histone.
    GO:0006355    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0006351    transcription, DNA-templated    The cellular synthesis of RNA on a template of DNA.
cellular component
    GO:0035098    ESC/E(Z) complex    A multimeric protein complex that can methylate lysine-27 and lysine-9 residues of histone H3. In Drosophila the core subunits of the complex include ESC, E(Z), CAF1 (NURF-55) and SU(Z)12. In mammals the core subunits of the complex include EED, EZH2, SUZ12 and RBBP4.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.

Chain B   (H31_HUMAN | P68431)
molecular function
    GO:0003677    DNA binding    Any molecular function by which a gene product interacts selectively and non-covalently with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
    GO:0042393    histone binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a histone, any of a group of water-soluble proteins found in association with the DNA of eukaroytic chromosomes. They are involved in the condensation and coiling of chromosomes during cell division and have also been implicated in nonspecific suppression of gene activity.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0046982    protein heterodimerization activity    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nonidentical protein to form a heterodimer.
biological process
    GO:0006335    DNA replication-dependent nucleosome assembly    The formation of nucleosomes on newly replicated DNA, coupled to strand elongation.
    GO:0007596    blood coagulation    The sequential process in which the multiple coagulation factors of the blood interact, ultimately resulting in the formation of an insoluble fibrin clot; it may be divided into three stages: stage 1, the formation of intrinsic and extrinsic prothrombin converting principle; stage 2, the formation of thrombin; stage 3, the formation of stable fibrin polymers.
    GO:0044267    cellular protein metabolic process    The chemical reactions and pathways involving a specific protein, rather than of proteins in general, occurring at the level of an individual cell. Includes cellular protein modification.
    GO:0000183    chromatin silencing at rDNA    Repression of transcription of ribosomal DNA by altering the structure of chromatin.
    GO:0031047    gene silencing by RNA    Any process in which RNA molecules inactivate expression of target genes.
    GO:0045814    negative regulation of gene expression, epigenetic    Any epigenetic process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of gene expression.
    GO:0006334    nucleosome assembly    The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a nucleosome, the beadlike structural units of eukaryotic chromatin composed of histones and DNA.
    GO:0002230    positive regulation of defense response to virus by host    Any host process that results in the promotion of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby limiting viral replication.
    GO:0045815    positive regulation of gene expression, epigenetic    Any epigenetic process that activates or increases the rate of gene expression.
    GO:0051290    protein heterotetramerization    The formation of a protein heterotetramer, a macromolecular structure consisting of four noncovalently associated subunits, of which not all are identical.
    GO:0060968    regulation of gene silencing    Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of gene silencing, the transcriptional or post-transcriptional process carried out at the cellular level that results in long-term gene inactivation.
    GO:0032200    telomere organization    A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the assembly, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of telomeres, terminal regions of a linear chromosome that include the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
    GO:0098792    xenophagy    The macroautophagy process in which a region of cytoplasm containing an intracellular pathogen or some part of an intracellular pathogen (e.g. viral capsid) is enclosed in a double membrane bound autophagosome, which then fuses with the lysosome leading to degradation of the contents.
cellular component
    GO:0005694    chromosome    A structure composed of a very long molecule of DNA and associated proteins (e.g. histones) that carries hereditary information.
    GO:0070062    extracellular exosome    A vesicle that is released into the extracellular region by fusion of the limiting endosomal membrane of a multivesicular body with the plasma membrane. Extracellular exosomes, also simply called exosomes, have a diameter of about 40-100 nm.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0000228    nuclear chromosome    A chromosome that encodes the nuclear genome and is found in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell during the cell cycle phases when the nucleus is intact.
    GO:0000784    nuclear chromosome, telomeric region    The terminal region of a linear nuclear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
    GO:0000788    nuclear nucleosome    A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multisubunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA in the nucleus into higher order structures.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0000786    nucleosome    A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multisubunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA into higher order structures.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
    GO:0043234    protein complex    A stable macromolecular complex composed (only) of two or more polypeptide subunits along with any covalently attached molecules (such as lipid anchors or oligosaccharide) or non-protein prosthetic groups (such as nucleotides or metal ions). Prosthetic group in this context refers to a tightly bound cofactor. The component polypeptide subunits may be identical.

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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
        H31_HUMAN | P684311cs9 1ct6 1guw 1o9s 1q3l 2b2t 2b2u 2b2v 2b2w 2c1j 2c1n 2cv5 2kwj 2kwk 2l75 2lbm 2m0o 2ndf 2ndg 2oq6 2ot7 2ox0 2ri7 2uxn 2v89 2vpg 2x0l 3a1b 3afa 3avr 3ayw 3aze 3azf 3azg 3azh 3azi 3azj 3azk 3azl 3azm 3azn 3b95 3kmt 3kqi 3lqi 3lqj 3o34 3o35 3o37 3qj6 3rig 3riy 3sou 3sow 3u31 3u3d 3u4s 3u5n 3u5o 3u5p 3uee 3uef 3uig 3uii 3uik 3v43 3w96 3w97 3w98 3w99 3wa9 3waa 3wkj 3x1s 3x1t 3x1u 3x1v 3zg6 3zvy 4a0j 4a0n 4a7j 4c1q 4f4u 4f56 4ft2 4ft4 4fwf 4hon 4i51 4l7x 4lk9 4lka 4llb 4lxl 4n4h 4qbq 4qbr 4qbs 4tn7 4u68 4up0 4uy4 4x3k 4y6l 4yhp 4yhz 4ym5 4ym6 4z0r 4z2m 5av5 5av6 5av8 5av9 5avb 5avc 5b24 5b2i 5b2j 5b31 5c11 5c13 5c3i 5cpi 5cpj 5cpk 5d6y 5dah 5fb0 5fb1 5ffv 5gse 5gsu 5gt0 5gt3 5gtc 5hjb 5hjc 5hjd 5hyn 5iql 5j3v 5j9s 5jhn 5jin 5jiy 5jj0 5jrg 5kjh 5kji 5kkl 5m5g 5svx 5svy 5t0k 5t0m 5t1g 5t1i 5t8r 5tbn 5tdr 5tdw 5v21 5v22 5va6
        PHF19_HUMAN | Q5T6S32e5q

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

2b2t TANDEM CHROMODOMAINS OF HUMAN CHD1 COMPLEXED WITH HISTONEH3 TAIL CONTAINING TRIMETHYLLYSINE 4 AND PHOSPHOTHREONINE 3
2b2u TANDEM CHROMODOMAINS OF HUMAN CHD1 COMPLEXED WITH HISTONEH3 TAIL CONTAINING TRIMETHYLLYSINE 4 AND DIMETHYLARGININE 2
2b2v CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF HUMAN CHD1 CHROMODOMAINS 1AND 2 BOUND TO HISTONE H3 RESI 1-15 MEK4
2b2w TANDEM CHROMODOMAINS OF HUMAN CHD1 COMPLEXED WITH HISTONEH3 TAIL CONTAINING TRIMETHYLLYSINE 4
2c1j MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE RECOGNITION OF PHOSPHORYLATED AND PHOSPHOACETYLATED HISTONE H3 BY 14-3-3
2c1n MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE RECOGNITION OF PHOSPHORYLATED AND PHOSPHOACETYLATED HISTONE H3 BY 14-3-3
2cv5 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN NUCLEOSOME CORE PARTICLE
2uxn STRUCTURAL BASIS OF HISTONE DEMETHYLATION BY LSD1 REVEALED BY SUICIDE INACTIVATION
3zvy PHD FINGER OF HUMAN UHRF1 IN COMPLEX WITH UNMODIFIED HISTONE H3 N-TERMINAL TAIL
4a0j CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF SURVIVIN BOUND TO THE PHOSPHORYLATED N-TERMINAL TAIL OF HISTONE H3
4a0n CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF SURVIVIN BOUND TO THE PHOSPHORYLATED N-TERMINAL TAIL OF HISTONE H3
4a7j SYMMETRIC DIMETHYLATION OF H3 ARGININE 2 IS A NOVEL HISTONE MARK THAT SUPPORTS EUCHROMATIN MAINTENANCE