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(-) Description

Title :  CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN RECEPTOR FOR ADVANCED GLYCATION ENDPRODUCTS (RAGE)
 
Authors :  H. Park, J. C. Boyington
Date :  26 Jul 10  (Deposition) - 13 Oct 10  (Release) - 02 Feb 11  (Revision)
Method :  X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution :  1.50
Chains :  Asym./Biol. Unit :  N
Keywords :  Rage, Ager, Scavenger Receptor, Macrophage Cell Surface Receptor, Innate Immune Receptor, Ig Fold, Cell Surface Receptor, Advanced Glycation End Products, Age, Amphoterin, S100B, S100A12, Membrane, Sugar Transport, Transport, Transport Protein, Signaling Protein (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  H. Park, J. C. Boyington
The 1. 5 A Crystal Structure Of Human Receptor For Advanced Glycation Endproducts (Rage) Ectodomains Reveals Unique Features Determining Ligand Binding.
J. Biol. Chem. V. 285 40762 2010
PubMed-ID: 20943659  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1074/JBC.M110.169276

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - MALTOSE-BINDING PERIPLASMIC PROTEIN, ADVANCED GLYCOSYLATION END PRODUCT-SPECIFIC RECEPTOR
    ChainsN
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System PlasmidMODIFIED PMAL VECTOR
    Expression System StrainROSETTAGAMI PLACI (DE3)
    Expression System Taxid562
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    GeneB4034, JW3994, MALE, RAGE, AGER
    Organism ScientificESCHERICHIA COLI, HOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid562, 9606
    SynonymMMBP, MALTODEXTRIN-BINDING PROTEIN

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  1
Asymmetric/Biological Unit N

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (2, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1MLR1Ligand/IonMALTOTRIOSE
2SO41Ligand/IonSULFATE ION

(-) Sites  (2, 2)

Asymmetric Unit (2, 2)
No.NameEvidenceResiduesDescription
1AC1SOFTWAREASP N:14 , LYS N:15 , GLU N:44 , GLU N:45 , TRP N:62 , ALA N:63 , ASP N:65 , ARG N:66 , GLU N:111 , GLU N:153 , PRO N:154 , TYR N:155 , TRP N:230 , TRP N:340 , TYR N:341 , ARG N:344 , HOH N:379 , HOH N:499 , HOH N:550 , HOH N:620 , HOH N:632 , HOH N:1245 , HOH N:1262 , HOH N:1301 , HOH N:1339 , HOH N:1576BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE MLR N 2001
2AC2SOFTWAREHOH N:623 , PRO N:1042 , ASN N:1103 , ARG N:1104 , HOH N:1273 , HOH N:1401 , HOH N:1438 , HOH N:1469BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE SO4 N 6581

(-) SS Bonds  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1N:1038 -N:1099
2N:1144 -N:1208

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1Pro N:1045 -Pro N:1046
2Tyr N:1150 -Pro N:1151

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (2, 2)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_024500G82SRAGE_HUMANPolymorphism2070600NG1082S
2UniProtVAR_011338Q100RRAGE_HUMANPolymorphism  ---NQ1100R

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 1)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (1, 1)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1SBP_BACTERIAL_1PS01037 Bacterial extracellular solute-binding proteins, family 1 signature.MALE_ECOLI133-150  1N:107-124

(-) Exons   (7, 7)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (7, 7)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.33aENST0000037507633aENSE00001633661chr6:32152101-32151948154RAGE_HUMAN1-18181N:350-36819
1.33fENST0000037507633fENSE00001645680chr6:32151764-32151658107RAGE_HUMAN18-53361N:368-1053 (gaps)37
1.34bENST0000037507634bENSE00001790815chr6:32151527-32151332196RAGE_HUMAN54-119661N:1054-111966
1.35bENST0000037507635bENSE00001779959chr6:32151165-3215110165RAGE_HUMAN119-140221N:1119-114022
1.36ENST0000037507636ENSE00001713440chr6:32150978-3215089188RAGE_HUMAN141-170301N:1141-117030
1.37cENST0000037507637cENSE00002190296chr6:32150800-32150618183RAGE_HUMAN170-231621N:1170-123162
1.37eENST0000037507637eENSE00001645542chr6:32150475-32150345131RAGE_HUMAN231-274441N:1231-12311
1.38aENST0000037507638aENSE00001799555chr6:32150165-32150024142RAGE_HUMAN275-322480--
1.39bENST0000037507639bENSE00001770630chr6:32149409-3214938327RAGE_HUMAN322-331100--
1.39eENST0000037507639eENSE00001675079chr6:32149254-32149128127RAGE_HUMAN331-373430--
1.40bENST0000037507640bENSE00001903924chr6:32149016-32148745272RAGE_HUMAN373-404320--

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain N from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:580
 aligned with MALE_ECOLI | P0AEX9 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:396

    Alignment length:580
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      396                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      392          393  |                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                    37        47        57        67        77        87        97       107       117       127       137       147       157       167       177       187       197       207       217       227       237       247       257       267       277       287       297       307       317       327       337       347       357       367       377       387    |    -       395|        -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -
          MALE_ECOLI     28 IEEGKLVIWINGDKGYNGLAEVGKKFEKDTGIKVTVEHPDKLEEKFPQVAATGDGPDIIFWAHDRFGGYAQSGLLAEITPDKAFQDKLYPFTWDAVRYNGKLIAYPIAVEALSLIYNKDLLPNPPKTWEEIPALDKELKAKGKSALMFNLQEPYFTWPLIAADGGYAFKYENGKYDIKDVGVDNAGAKAGLTFLVDLIKNKHMNADTDYSIAEAAFNKGETAMTINGPWAWSNIDTSKVNYGVTVLPTFKGQPSKPFVGVLSAGINAASPNKELAKEFLENYLLTDEGLEAVNKDKPLGAVALKSYEEELAKDPRIAATMENAQKGEIMPNIPQMSAFWYAVRTAVINAASGRQTVDEALKDAQT------------RITK-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------    -
               SCOP domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------SBP_bac_1-3o3uN03 N:11-291                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ig_2-3o3uN02 N:1023-1117                                                                       ------C2-set_2-3o3uN01 N:1124-1219                                                                    ------------ Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....eeeee.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.eeeee...hhhhhhhhhhh......eeeee..hhhhhhhh........hhhhhh..hhhhhhhhee..ee..eeeeee..eeeee.........hhhhhhhhhhhhhh...eee.....hhhhhhhhhhhh..eeeeee..eeeeeeee..hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......hhhhhhhhhhh..eeeeeehhhhhhhhhhhh..eeee............eeeeeeeee.....hhhhhhhhhhhh..hhhhhhhhhhhh...ee.hhhhhhhhh.hhhhhhhhhhhh..ee.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...eeeeee....eee...........eeeeeeee......ee......hhhhhh.ee.....eee...hhhh.eeeeeeee.....eeeeeeeeeee......eee....ee.....eeeeeeeeeee....eeeeee..ee.......eeeeeeeee......eeeeeeeee...........eeeeee........ee......ee.. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S-----------------R----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SBP_BACTERIAL_1   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
                 Transcript ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript
                3o3u N    2 IEEGKLVIWINGDKGYNGLAEVGKKFEKDTGIKVTVEHPDKLEEKFPQVAATGDGPDIIFWAHDRFGGYAQSGLLAEITPDKAFQDKLYPFTWDAVRYNGKLIAYPIAVEALSLIYNKDLLPNPPKTWEEIPALDKELKAKGKSALMFNLQEPYFTWPLIAADGGYAFKYENGKYDIKDVGVDNAGAKAGLTFLVDLIKNKHMNADTDYSIAEAAFNKGETAMTINGPWAWSNIDTSKVNYGVTVLPTFKGQPSKPFVGVLSAGINAASPNKELAKEFLENYLLTDEGLEAVNKDKPLGAVALKSYEEELAKDPRIAATMENAQKGEIMPNIPQMSAFWYAVRTAVINAASGRQTVDAALAAAQTNAAAASAQNITARIGEPLVLKCKGAPKKPPQRLEWKLNTGRTEAWKVLSPQGGGPWDSVARVLPNGSLFLPAVGIQDEGIFRCQAMNRNGKETKSNYRVRVYQIPGKPEIVDSASELTAGVPNKVGTCVSEGSYPAGTLSWHLDGKPLVPNEKGVSVKEQTRRHPETGLFTLQSELMVTPARGGDPRPTFSCSFSPGLPRHRALRTAPIQPRVWE 1231
                                    11        21        31        41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121       131       141       151       161       171       181       191       201       211       221       231       241       251       261       271       281       291       301       311       321       331       341       351       361       371||    1031      1041      1051      1061      1071      1081      1091      1101      1111      1121      1131      1141      1151      1161      1171      1181      1191      1201      1211      1221      1231
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            372|                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1023                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Chain N from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:580
 aligned with RAGE_HUMAN | Q15109 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:404

    Alignment length:580
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1  4 5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                     -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -        |2 | |    11        21        31        41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121       131       141       151       161       171       181       191       201       211       221       231
          RAGE_HUMAN      - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MAAG-TAVGAWVLVLSLWGAVVGAQNITARIGEPLVLKCKGAPKKPPQRLEWKLNTGRTEAWKVLSPQGGGPWDSVARVLPNGSLFLPAVGIQDEGIFRCQAMNRNGKETKSNYRVRVYQIPGKPEIVDSASELTAGVPNKVGTCVSEGSYPAGTLSWHLDGKPLVPNEKGVSVKEQTRRHPETGLFTLQSELMVTPARGGDPRPTFSCSFSPGLPRHRALRTAPIQPRVWE  231
               SCOP domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------SBP_bac_1-3o3uN03 N:11-291                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ig_2-3o3uN02 N:1023-1117                                                                       ------C2-set_2-3o3uN01 N:1124-1219                                                                    ------------ Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....eeeee.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.eeeee...hhhhhhhhhhh......eeeee..hhhhhhhh........hhhhhh..hhhhhhhhee..ee..eeeeee..eeeee.........hhhhhhhhhhhhhh...eee.....hhhhhhhhhhhh..eeeeee..eeeeeeee..hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......hhhhhhhhhhh..eeeeeehhhhhhhhhhhh..eeee............eeeeeeeee.....hhhhhhhhhhhh..hhhhhhhhhhhh...ee.hhhhhhhhh.hhhhhhhhhhhh..ee.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...eeeeee....eee...........eeeeeeee......ee......hhhhhh.ee.....eee...hhhh.eeeeeeee.....eeeeeeeeeee......eee....ee.....eeeeeeeeeee....eeeeee..ee.......eeeeeeeee......eeeeeeeee...........eeeeee........ee......ee.. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S-----------------R----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.33a         -----------------------------------Exon 1.34b  PDB: N:1054-1119 UniProt: 54-119                      ---------------------Exon 1.36  PDB: N:1141-1170   ------------------------------------------------------------1 Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.33f  PDB: N:368-1053 (gaps)  -----------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.35b            -----------------------------Exon 1.37c  PDB: N:1170-1231 UniProt: 170-231                  Transcript 1 (2)
                3o3u N    2 IEEGKLVIWINGDKGYNGLAEVGKKFEKDTGIKVTVEHPDKLEEKFPQVAATGDGPDIIFWAHDRFGGYAQSGLLAEITPDKAFQDKLYPFTWDAVRYNGKLIAYPIAVEALSLIYNKDLLPNPPKTWEEIPALDKELKAKGKSALMFNLQEPYFTWPLIAADGGYAFKYENGKYDIKDVGVDNAGAKAGLTFLVDLIKNKHMNADTDYSIAEAAFNKGETAMTINGPWAWSNIDTSKVNYGVTVLPTFKGQPSKPFVGVLSAGINAASPNKELAKEFLENYLLTDEGLEAVNKDKPLGAVALKSYEEELAKDPRIAATMENAQKGEIMPNIPQMSAFWYAVRTAVINAASGRQTVDAALAAAQTNAAAASAQNITARIGEPLVLKCKGAPKKPPQRLEWKLNTGRTEAWKVLSPQGGGPWDSVARVLPNGSLFLPAVGIQDEGIFRCQAMNRNGKETKSNYRVRVYQIPGKPEIVDSASELTAGVPNKVGTCVSEGSYPAGTLSWHLDGKPLVPNEKGVSVKEQTRRHPETGLFTLQSELMVTPARGGDPRPTFSCSFSPGLPRHRALRTAPIQPRVWE 1231
                                    11        21        31        41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121       131       141       151       161       171       181       191       201       211       221       231       241       251       261       271       281       291       301       311       321       331       341       351       361       371||    1031      1041      1051      1061      1071      1081      1091      1101      1111      1121      1131      1141      1151      1161      1171      1181      1191      1201      1211      1221      1231
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            372|                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1023                                                                                                                                                                                                                

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (0, 0)

(no "SCOP Domain" information available for 3O3U)

(-) CATH Domains  (0, 0)

(no "CATH Domain" information available for 3O3U)

(-) Pfam Domains  (3, 3)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
(-)
Clan: Ig (577)
(-)
Clan: PBP (391)

(-) Gene Ontology  (88, 89)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain N   (RAGE_HUMAN | Q15109)
molecular function
    GO:0044548    S100 protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a S100 protein. S100 is a small calcium and zinc binding protein produced in astrocytes that is implicated in Alzheimer's disease, Down Syndrome and ALS.
    GO:0050785    advanced glycation end-product receptor activity    Combining with advanced glycation end-products and transmitting the signal to initiate a change in cell activity. Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) form from a series of chemical reactions after an initial glycation event (a non-enzymatic reaction between reducing sugars and free amino groups of proteins).
    GO:0070379    high mobility group box 1 binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with high mobility group box 1 (HMBGB1).
    GO:0042802    identical protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein or proteins.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0004872    receptor activity    Combining with an extracellular or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell activity.
    GO:0004888    transmembrane signaling receptor activity    Combining with an extracellular or intracellular signal and transmitting the signal from one side of the membrane to the other to initiate a change in cell activity or state as part of signal transduction.
biological process
    GO:0007259    JAK-STAT cascade    Any process in which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) and JAK (Janus Activated Kinase) proteins convey a signal to trigger a change in the activity or state of a cell. The JAK-STAT cascade begins with activation of STAT proteins by members of the JAK family of tyrosine kinases, proceeds through dimerization and subsequent nuclear translocation of STAT proteins, and ends with regulation of target gene expression by STAT proteins.
    GO:0007420    brain development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the brain over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Brain development begins with patterning events in the neural tube and ends with the mature structure that is the center of thought and emotion. The brain is responsible for the coordination and control of bodily activities and the interpretation of information from the senses (sight, hearing, smell, etc.).
    GO:0055074    calcium ion homeostasis    Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal steady state of calcium ions within an organism or cell.
    GO:0007166    cell surface receptor signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by activation of a receptor on the surface of a cell. The pathway begins with binding of an extracellular ligand to a cell surface receptor, or for receptors that signal in the absence of a ligand, by ligand-withdrawal or the activity of a constitutively active receptor. The pathway ends with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
    GO:0035690    cellular response to drug    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a drug stimulus. A drug is a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of a disease.
    GO:0071398    cellular response to fatty acid    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fatty acid stimulus.
    GO:0071333    cellular response to glucose stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucose stimulus.
    GO:0070301    cellular response to hydrogen peroxide    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulus.
    GO:0071407    cellular response to organic cyclic compound    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic cyclic compound stimulus.
    GO:0009100    glycoprotein metabolic process    The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycoproteins, any protein that contains covalently bound glycose (i.e. monosaccharide) residues; the glycose occurs most commonly as oligosaccharide or fairly small polysaccharide but occasionally as monosaccharide.
    GO:0006954    inflammatory response    The immediate defensive reaction (by vertebrate tissue) to infection or injury caused by chemical or physical agents. The process is characterized by local vasodilation, extravasation of plasma into intercellular spaces and accumulation of white blood cells and macrophages.
    GO:0045087    innate immune response    Innate immune responses are defense responses mediated by germline encoded components that directly recognize components of potential pathogens.
    GO:0030324    lung development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
    GO:0007162    negative regulation of cell adhesion    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cell adhesion.
    GO:0032966    negative regulation of collagen biosynthetic process    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of collagen, any of a group of fibrous proteins of very high tensile strength that form the main component of connective tissue in animals.
    GO:0010596    negative regulation of endothelial cell migration    Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of the orderly movement of an endothelial cell into the extracellular matrix to form an endothelium.
    GO:0001937    negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the rate or extent of endothelial cell proliferation.
    GO:0032693    negative regulation of interleukin-10 production    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of interleukin-10 production.
    GO:0033689    negative regulation of osteoblast proliferation    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of osteoblast proliferation.
    GO:0001933    negative regulation of protein phosphorylation    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
    GO:0031175    neuron projection development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a neuron projection over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A neuron projection is any process extending from a neural cell, such as axons or dendrites (collectively called neurites).
    GO:0051092    positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB.
    GO:0042104    positive regulation of activated T cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of activated T cell proliferation.
    GO:0043065    positive regulation of apoptotic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell death by apoptotic process.
    GO:0010508    positive regulation of autophagy    Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of autophagy. Autophagy is the process in which cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm.
    GO:0030335    positive regulation of cell migration    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell migration.
    GO:2001200    positive regulation of dendritic cell differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of dendritic cell differentiation.
    GO:2000353    positive regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of endothelial cell apoptotic process.
    GO:0010718    positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition is where an epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0010763    positive regulation of fibroblast migration    Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of fibroblast cell migration. Fibroblast cell migration is accomplished by extension and retraction of a pseudopodium.
    GO:0048146    positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of multiplication or reproduction of fibroblast cells.
    GO:0010628    positive regulation of gene expression    Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of gene expression. Gene expression is the process in which a gene's coding sequence is converted into a mature gene product or products (proteins or RNA). This includes the production of an RNA transcript as well as any processing to produce a mature RNA product or an mRNA or circRNA (for protein-coding genes) and the translation of that mRNA or circRNA into protein. Protein maturation is included when required to form an active form of a product from an inactive precursor form.
    GO:0050729    positive regulation of inflammatory response    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the inflammatory response.
    GO:0032735    positive regulation of interleukin-12 production    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of interleukin-12 production.
    GO:0043525    positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell death of neurons by apoptotic process.
    GO:1901216    positive regulation of neuron death    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of neuron death.
    GO:0060100    positive regulation of phagocytosis, engulfment    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the internalization of bacteria, immune complexes and other particulate matter or of an apoptotic cell by phagocytosis.
    GO:1901018    positive regulation of potassium ion transmembrane transporter activity    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of potassium ion transmembrane transporter activity.
    GO:0001934    positive regulation of protein phosphorylation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
    GO:2000379    positive regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of reactive oxygen species metabolic process.
    GO:0014911    positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration    Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of smooth muscle cell migration.
    GO:0048661    positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of smooth muscle cell proliferation.
    GO:2000676    positive regulation of type B pancreatic cell apoptotic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of type B pancreatic cell apoptotic process.
    GO:2000514    regulation of CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell activation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell activation.
    GO:0001914    regulation of T cell mediated cytotoxicity    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of T cell mediated cytotoxicity.
    GO:0014823    response to activity    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an activity stimulus.
    GO:0009750    response to fructose    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fructose stimulus.
    GO:0033595    response to genistein    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a genistein stimulus.
    GO:0055093    response to hyperoxia    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating increased oxygen tension.
    GO:0051595    response to methylglyoxal    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methylglyoxal stimulus. Methylglyoxal is a 2-oxoaldehyde derived from propanal.
    GO:0072714    response to selenite ion    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a selenite ion stimulus.
    GO:0033189    response to vitamin A    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a vitamin A stimulus.
    GO:0009611    response to wounding    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.
    GO:0060290    transdifferentiation    The conversion of a differentiated cell of one fate into a differentiated cell of another fate without first undergoing cell division or reversion to a more primitive or stem cell-like fate.
cellular component
    GO:0030424    axon    The long process of a neuron that conducts nerve impulses, usually away from the cell body to the terminals and varicosities, which are sites of storage and release of neurotransmitter.
    GO:0009925    basal plasma membrane    The region of the plasma membrane located at the basal end of the cell. Often used in reference to animal polarized epithelial membranes, where the basal membrane is the part attached to the extracellular matrix, or in plant cells, where the basal membrane is defined with respect to the zygotic axis.
    GO:0009986    cell surface    The external part of the cell wall and/or plasma membrane.
    GO:0005737    cytoplasm    All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
    GO:0005829    cytosol    The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.
    GO:0016021    integral component of membrane    The component of a membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0005887    integral component of plasma membrane    The component of the plasma membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0043025    neuronal cell body    The portion of a neuron that includes the nucleus, but excludes cell projections such as axons and dendrites.
    GO:0005886    plasma membrane    The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.

Chain N   (MALE_ECOLI | P0AEX9)
molecular function
    GO:1901982    maltose binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with maltose.
    GO:0005363    maltose transmembrane transporter activity    Enables the transfer of maltose from one side of the membrane to the other. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the enzymatic breakdown of glycogen and starch.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0005215    transporter activity    Enables the directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of or within a cell, or between cells.
biological process
    GO:0008643    carbohydrate transport    The directed movement of carbohydrate into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Carbohydrates are any of a group of organic compounds based of the general formula Cx(H2O)y.
    GO:0060326    cell chemotaxis    The directed movement of a motile cell guided by a specific chemical concentration gradient. Movement may be towards a higher concentration (positive chemotaxis) or towards a lower concentration (negative chemotaxis).
    GO:0006974    cellular response to DNA damage stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to its DNA from environmental insults or errors during metabolism.
    GO:0034289    detection of maltose stimulus    The series of events in which a maltose stimulus is received by a cell and converted into a molecular signal.
    GO:0042956    maltodextrin transport    The directed movement of maltodextrin, any polysaccharide of glucose residues in beta-(1,4) linkage, into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
    GO:0015768    maltose transport    The directed movement of maltose into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the catabolism of glycogen and starch.
    GO:0006810    transport    The directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) or cellular components (such as complexes and organelles) into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, or within a multicellular organism by means of some agent such as a transporter, pore or motor protein.
cellular component
    GO:0043190    ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex    A complex for the transport of metabolites into and out of the cell, typically comprised of four domains; two membrane-associated domains and two ATP-binding domains at the intracellular face of the membrane, that form a central pore through the plasma membrane. Each of the four core domains may be encoded as a separate polypeptide or the domains can be fused in any one of a number of ways into multidomain polypeptides. In Bacteria and Archaebacteria, ABC transporters also include substrate binding proteins to bind substrate external to the cytoplasm and deliver it to the transporter.
    GO:0055052    ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex, substrate-binding subunit-containing    A complex for the transport of metabolites into the cell, consisting of 5 subunits: two ATP-binding subunits, two membrane spanning subunits, and one substrate-binding subunit. In organisms with two membranes, the substrate-binding protein moves freely in the periplasmic space and joins the other subunits only when bound with substrate. In organisms with only one membrane the substrate-binding protein is tethered to the cytoplasmic membrane and associated with the other subunits. Transport of the substrate across the membrane is driven by the hydrolysis of ATP.
    GO:1990060    maltose transport complex    Protein complex facilitating ATP-dependent maltose transport through inner cell membrane (periplasm to cytoplasm) in Gram-negative bacteria. In E. coli the system is composed of a periplasmic maltose-binding protein (MBP), two integral membrane proteins, MalF and MalG, and two copies of the cytoplasmic ATP-binding cassette MalK.
    GO:0030288    outer membrane-bounded periplasmic space    The region between the inner (cytoplasmic or plasma) membrane and outer membrane of organisms with two membranes such as Gram negative bacteria. These periplasmic spaces are relatively thick and contain a thin peptidoglycan layer (PGL), also referred to as a thin cell wall.
    GO:0042597    periplasmic space    The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane (Gram-negative Bacteria) or cytoplasmic membrane and cell wall (Fungi and Gram-positive Bacteria).

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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
        MALE_ECOLI | P0AEX91a7l 1anf 1dmb 1ez9 1ezo 1ezp 1fqa 1fqb 1fqc 1fqd 1hsj 1iud 1jvx 1jvy 1jw4 1jw5 1lax 1lls 1mdp 1mdq 1mg1 1mh3 1mh4 1mpb 1mpc 1mpd 1n3w 1n3x 1nl5 1nmu 1omp 1peb 1r6z 1svx 1t0k 1y4c 1ytv 1ziu 1zjl 1zkb 1zmg 2d21 2h25 2klf 2mv0 2n44 2n45 2nvu 2obg 2ok2 2r6g 2v93 2vgq 2xz3 2zxt 3a3c 3c4m 3csb 3csg 3d4c 3d4g 3dm0 3ef7 3ehs 3eht 3ehu 3f5f 3g7v 3g7w 3h3g 3h4z 3hpi 3hst 3io4 3io6 3ior 3iot 3iou 3iov 3iow 3j9p 3kjt 3l2j 3lbs 3lc8 3mbp 3mp1 3mp6 3mp8 3mq9 3n94 3oai 3osq 3osr 3pgf 3puv 3puw 3pux 3puy 3puz 3pv0 3py7 3q25 3q26 3q27 3q28 3q29 3rlf 3rum 3ser 3ses 3set 3seu 3sev 3sew 3sex 3sey 3vfj 3w15 3wai 3woa 4b3n 4bl8 4bl9 4bla 4blb 4bld 4dxb 4dxc 4edq 4egc 4exk 4fe8 4feb 4fec 4fed 4giz 4gli 4ifp 4ikm 4irl 4jbz 4jkm 4keg 4khz 4ki0 4kv3 4kyc 4kyd 4kye 4log 4mbp 4n4x 4ndz 4o2x 4ogm 4pe2 4qsz 4qvh 4r0y 4rg5 4rwf 4rwg 4tsm 4wjv 4wms 4wmt 4wmu 4wmv 4wmw 4wmx 4wrn 4wth 4wvh 4xa2 4xhs 4xr8 4xzs 4xzv 5aq9 5az6 5az7 5az8 5az9 5aza 5b3w 5b3x 5b3y 5b3z 5c7r 5cbn 5cfv 5dfm 5dis 5e24 5edu 5fio 5fsg 5gru 5gs2 5h7n 5h7q 5hz7 5hzv 5hzw 5i04 5i69 5ihj 5ii5 5iic 5iqz 5jj4 5jst 5jtq 5jtr 5ldf 5t03 5t05 5t0a 5ttd 5wpz 5wq6
        RAGE_HUMAN | Q151091pwi 2bjp 2e5e 2ens 2l7u 2le9 2lmb 2m1k 2mjw 2mov 3cjj 4lp4 4lp5 4of5 4ofv 4oi7 4oi8 4p2y 4xyn 4ybh 5d7f

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

(no "Related Entries Specified in the PDB File" available for 3O3U)