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(-) Description

Title :  CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF 2:2:2 FGFR2D2:FGF1:SOS COMPLEX
 
Authors :  F. Guo, R. Dakshinamurthy, S. K. K. Thallapuranam, J. Sakon
Date :  15 Apr 08  (Deposition) - 21 Apr 09  (Release) - 21 Apr 09  (Revision)
Method :  X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution :  2.60
Chains :  Asym./Biol. Unit :  A,B,C,D
Keywords :  Fibroblast Growth Factor 1, Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2, D2 Domain, Sucrose Octa Sulfate, Alternative Splicing, Atp-Binding, Disease Mutation, Ectodermal Dysplasia, Glycoprotein, Heparin-Binding, Immunoglobulin Domain, Kinase, Lacrimo-Auriculo-Dento-Digital Syndrome, Membrane, Nucleotide-Binding, Phosphoprotein, Polymorphism, Secreted, Transferase, Transmembrane, Tyrosine-Protein Kinase, Acetylation, Angiogenesis, Developmental Protein, Differentiation, Mitogen, Transferase/Hormone Complex (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  F. Guo, R. Dakshinamurthy, S. K. K. Thallapuranam, J. Sakon
Crystal Structure Of 2:2:2 Fgfr2D2:Fgf1:Sos Complex
To Be Published
PubMed: search
(for further references see the PDB file header)

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 2
    ChainsA, C
    EC Number2.7.10.1
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentIG-LIKE C2-TYPE 2 DOMAIN, UNP RESIDUES 150-249
    GeneFGFR2, BEK, KGFR, KSAM
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    SynonymFGFR-2, KERATINOCYTE GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 2, CD332 ANTIGEN
 
Molecule 2 - HEPARIN-BINDING GROWTH FACTOR 1
    ChainsB, D
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentUNP RESIDUES 22-152
    GeneFGF1, FGFA
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    SynonymHBGF-1, ACIDIC FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR, AFGF, BETA-ENDOTHELIAL CELL GROWTH FACTOR, ECGF- BETA

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  1234
Asymmetric/Biological Unit ABCD

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (1, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (1, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1SCR2Ligand/IonSUCROSE OCTASULFATE

(-) Sites  (2, 2)

Asymmetric Unit (2, 2)
No.NameEvidenceResiduesDescription
1AC1SOFTWARELYS A:161 , LYS A:176 , ARG A:178 , ARG A:210 , HIS A:213 , SER A:215 , ILE A:217 , ASN D:18 , LYS D:112 , LYS D:113 , ASN D:114 , LYS D:118 , ARG D:122 , HIS D:124 , GLN D:127BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE SCR D 1
2AC2SOFTWAREASN B:18 , LYS B:112 , LYS B:113 , LYS B:118 , ARG B:122 , GLN B:127 , LYS C:161 , LYS C:176 , ARG C:178 , ARG C:210 , HIS C:213 , SER C:215 , LYS D:128BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE SCR B 1

(-) SS Bonds  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1A:179 -A:231
2C:179 -C:231

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (13, 13)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1Ala A:171 -Ala A:172
2Asn A:184 -Pro A:185
3Ala B:48 -Glu B:49
4Ser B:50 -Val B:51
5Asn B:92 -His B:93
6Ala C:171 -Ala C:172
7Asn C:184 -Pro C:185
8Ala D:48 -Glu D:49
9Glu D:49 -Ser D:50
10Ser D:50 -Val D:51
11Val D:51 -Gly D:52
12Glu D:91 -Asn D:92
13Asn D:92 -His D:93

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (3, 6)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (3, 6)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_017259A172FFGFR2_HUMANDisease (PS)  ---A/CA172F
2UniProtVAR_017260M186TFGFR2_HUMANPolymorphism755793A/CM186T
3UniProtVAR_036380R203CFGFR2_HUMANUnclassified  ---A/CR203C

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (1, 2)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1HBGF_FGFPS00247 HBGF/FGF family signature.FGF1_HUMAN86-109
 
  2B:71-94
D:71-94

(-) Exons   (6, 12)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (6, 12)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.1hENST000003584871hENSE00001816393chr10:123357598-123357476123FGFR2_HUMAN-00--
1.3aENST000003584873aENSE00002141262chr10:123353481-123353223259FGFR2_HUMAN1-37370--
1.5bENST000003584875bENSE00001099029chr10:123325218-123324952267FGFR2_HUMAN37-126900--
1.6aENST000003584876aENSE00001099020chr10:123324093-12332401678FGFR2_HUMAN126-152272A:150-152
C:150-152
3
3
1.7ENST000003584877ENSE00001295614chr10:123310973-123310804170FGFR2_HUMAN152-208572A:152-208
C:152-208
57
57
1.8ENST000003584878ENSE00000812216chr10:123298229-123298106124FGFR2_HUMAN209-250422A:209-249
C:209-249
41
41
1.15ENST0000035848715ENSE00001099035chr10:123279683-123279493191FGFR2_HUMAN250-313640--
1.18bENST0000035848718bENSE00001146218chr10:123276977-123276833145FGFR2_HUMAN314-362490--
1.19cENST0000035848719cENSE00001448727chr10:123274833-123274631203FGFR2_HUMAN362-429680--
1.21ENST0000035848721ENSE00001015834chr10:123263455-123263304152FGFR2_HUMAN430-480510--
1.22ENST0000035848722ENSE00001627890chr10:123260461-123260340122FGFR2_HUMAN480-521420--
1.23ENST0000035848723ENSE00001146272chr10:123258119-123258009111FGFR2_HUMAN521-558380--
1.24ENST0000035848724ENSE00001146264chr10:123256236-123256046191FGFR2_HUMAN558-621640--
1.25ENST0000035848725ENSE00001099037chr10:123247627-123247505123FGFR2_HUMAN622-662410--
1.26ENST0000035848726ENSE00001099030chr10:123246938-12324686871FGFR2_HUMAN663-686240--
1.27ENST0000035848727ENSE00001146235chr10:123245046-123244909138FGFR2_HUMAN686-732470--
1.28bENST0000035848728bENSE00002167762chr10:123243317-123243212106FGFR2_HUMAN732-767360--
1.31hENST0000035848731hENSE00001847306chr10:123239535-1232378551681FGFR2_HUMAN768-821540--

2.3ENST000003780463ENSE00001476010chr5:142065237-142065079159FGF1_HUMAN-00--
2.8bENST000003780468bENSE00002155500chr5:141993726-141993524203FGF1_HUMAN1-57572B:10-42
D:7-42
33
36
2.9bENST000003780469bENSE00000766692chr5:141980370-141980267104FGF1_HUMAN57-91352B:42-76
D:42-76
35
35
2.10fENST0000037804610fENSE00001476009chr5:141975049-1419729342116FGF1_HUMAN92-155642B:77-137
D:77-137
61
61

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:100
 aligned with FGFR2_HUMAN | P21802 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:821

    Alignment length:100
                                   159       169       179       189       199       209       219       229       239       249
          FGFR2_HUMAN   150 NKRAPYWTNTEKMEKRLHAVPAANTVKFRCPAGGNPMPTMRWLKNGKEFKQEHRIGGYKVRNQHWSLIMESVVPSDKGNYTCVVENEYGSINHTYHLDVV 249
               SCOP domains d3cu1a_ A: Fibroblast growth factor receptor, FGFR                                                   SCOP domains
               CATH domains ----3cu1A01 A:154-249 Immunoglobulins                                                                CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ..eeeee.hhhhhh..eeeee....eeee..eeee...eeeeee..ee.hhhhh....eeehhh.eeee...hhhhheeeeeeee....eeeeeeeeeee Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------F-------------T----------------C---------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) 1.6--------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.8  PDB: A:209-249 UniProt: 209-250 Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) --Exon 1.7  PDB: A:152-208 UniProt: 152-208                ----------------------------------------- Transcript 1 (2)
                 3cu1 A 150 NKRAPYWTNTEKMEKRLHAVPAANTVKFRCPAGGNPMPTMRWLKNGKEFKQEHRIGGYKVRNQHWSLIMESVVPSDKGNYTCVVENEYGSINHTYHLDVV 249
                                   159       169       179       189       199       209       219       229       239       249

Chain B from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:128
 aligned with FGF1_HUMAN | P05230 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:155

    Alignment length:128
                                    34        44        54        64        74        84        94       104       114       124       134       144        
           FGF1_HUMAN    25 KPKLLYCSNGGHFLRILPDGTVDGTRDRSDQHIQLQLSAESVGEVYIKSTETGQYLAMDTDGLLYGSQTPNEECLFLERLEENHYNTYISKKHAEKNWFVGLKKNGSCKRGPRTHYGQKAILFLPLPV 152
               SCOP domains d3cu1b_ B: Acidic FGF (FGF1)                                                                                                     SCOP domains
               CATH domains 3cu1B00 B:10-137  [code=2.80.10.50, no name defined]                                                                             CATH domains
               Pfam domains -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ..eeeee....eeeee.....eeee.........eeee.......eeee.....eeee.....eeee...hhhh.eeeee.....eeeee..hhhhh............hhhhh...hhhh.eeeee. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE -------------------------------------------------------------HBGF_FGF  PDB: B:71-94  ------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 2 (1) Exon 2.8b  PDB: B:10-42          ----------------------------------Exon 2.10f  PDB: B:77-137 UniProt: 92-155 [INCOMPLETE]        Transcript 2 (1)
           Transcript 2 (2) --------------------------------Exon 2.9b  PDB: B:42-76            ------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript 2 (2)
                 3cu1 B  10 KPKLLYCSNGGHFLRILPDGTVDGTRDRSDQHIQLQLSAESVGEVYIKSTETGQYLAMDTDGLLYGSQTPNEECLFLERLEENHYNTYISKKHAEKNWFVGLKKNGSCKRGPRTHYGQKAILFLPLPV 137
                                    19        29        39        49        59        69        79        89        99       109       119       129        

Chain C from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:100
 aligned with FGFR2_HUMAN | P21802 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:821

    Alignment length:100
                                   159       169       179       189       199       209       219       229       239       249
          FGFR2_HUMAN   150 NKRAPYWTNTEKMEKRLHAVPAANTVKFRCPAGGNPMPTMRWLKNGKEFKQEHRIGGYKVRNQHWSLIMESVVPSDKGNYTCVVENEYGSINHTYHLDVV 249
               SCOP domains d3cu1c_ C: Fibroblast growth factor receptor, FGFR                                                   SCOP domains
               CATH domains ----3cu1C01 C:154-249 Immunoglobulins                                                                CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ..eeeee.hhhhhh..eeeee....eeee..eeee...eeeeee..ee.hhhhh....eee....eeee...hhhhheeeeeeee....eeeeeeeeeee Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------F-------------T----------------C---------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) 1.6--------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.8  PDB: C:209-249 UniProt: 209-250 Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) --Exon 1.7  PDB: C:152-208 UniProt: 152-208                ----------------------------------------- Transcript 1 (2)
                 3cu1 C 150 NKRAPYWTNTEKMEKRLHAVPAANTVKFRCPAGGNPMPTMRWLKNGKEFKQEHRIGGYKVRNQHWSLIMESVVPSDKGNYTCVVENEYGSINHTYHLDVV 249
                                   159       169       179       189       199       209       219       229       239       249

Chain D from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:131
 aligned with FGF1_HUMAN | P05230 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:155

    Alignment length:131
                                    31        41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121       131       141       151 
           FGF1_HUMAN    22 NYKKPKLLYCSNGGHFLRILPDGTVDGTRDRSDQHIQLQLSAESVGEVYIKSTETGQYLAMDTDGLLYGSQTPNEECLFLERLEENHYNTYISKKHAEKNWFVGLKKNGSCKRGPRTHYGQKAILFLPLPV 152
               SCOP domains d3cu1d_ D: Acidic FGF (FGF1)                                                                                                        SCOP domains
               CATH domains 3cu1D00 D:7-137  [code=2.80.10.50, no name defined]                                                                                 CATH domains
               Pfam domains ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ......eeee....eeeee.....eeee.........eeee.....eeeeee.....eeee.....eeee...hhhh.eeeee.....eeeee..hhhhh............hhhhh...hhhh.eeee.. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ----------------------------------------------------------------HBGF_FGF  PDB: D:71-94  ------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 2 (1) Exon 2.8b  PDB: D:7-42 UniProt: 1-57----------------------------------Exon 2.10f  PDB: D:77-137 UniProt: 92-155 [INCOMPLETE]        Transcript 2 (1)
           Transcript 2 (2) -----------------------------------Exon 2.9b  PDB: D:42-76            ------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript 2 (2)
                 3cu1 D   7 NYKKPKLLYCSNGGHFLRILPDGTVDGTRDRSDQHIQLQLSAESVGEVYIKSTETGQYLAMDTDGLLYGSQTPNEECLFLERLEENHYNTYISKKHAEKNWFVGLKKNGSCKRGPRTHYGQKAILFLPLPV 137
                                    16        26        36        46        56        66        76        86        96       106       116       126       136 

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit

(-) CATH Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
(-)
Class: Mainly Beta (13760)

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 3CU1)

(-) Gene Ontology  (164, 190)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A,C   (FGFR2_HUMAN | P21802)
molecular function
    GO:0016303    1-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol + ATP = a 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate + ADP + 2 H(+).
    GO:0005524    ATP binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.
    GO:0005088    Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity    Stimulates the exchange of guanyl nucleotides associated with a GTPase of the Ras superfamily. Under normal cellular physiological conditions, the concentration of GTP is higher than that of GDP, favoring the replacement of GDP by GTP in association with the GTPase.
    GO:0017134    fibroblast growth factor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a fibroblast growth factor.
    GO:0005007    fibroblast growth factor-activated receptor activity    Combining with a fibroblast growth factor and transmitting the signal across the plasma membrane to initiate a change in cell activity.
    GO:0008201    heparin binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with heparin, any member of a group of glycosaminoglycans found mainly as an intracellular component of mast cells and which consist predominantly of alternating alpha-(1->4)-linked D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate residues.
    GO:0016301    kinase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
    GO:0000166    nucleotide binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose.
    GO:0046934    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + ATP = a 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate + ADP + 2 H(+).
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0042803    protein homodimerization activity    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein to form a homodimer.
    GO:0004672    protein kinase activity    Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
    GO:0004713    protein tyrosine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein tyrosine = ADP + protein tyrosine phosphate.
    GO:0016740    transferase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor). Transferase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 2.
    GO:0004714    transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity    Combining with a signal and transmitting the signal from one side of the membrane to the other to initiate a change in cell activity by catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein-L-tyrosine = ADP + a protein-L-tyrosine phosphate.
biological process
    GO:0000165    MAPK cascade    An intracellular protein kinase cascade containing at least a MAPK, a MAPKK and a MAP3K. The cascade can also contain two additional tiers: the upstream MAP4K and the downstream MAP Kinase-activated kinase (MAPKAPK). The kinases in each tier phosphorylate and activate the kinases in the downstream tier to transmit a signal within a cell.
    GO:0001525    angiogenesis    Blood vessel formation when new vessels emerge from the proliferation of pre-existing blood vessels.
    GO:0009887    animal organ morphogenesis    Morphogenesis of an animal organ. An organ is defined as a tissue or set of tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Morphogenesis is the process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
    GO:0006915    apoptotic process    A programmed cell death process which begins when a cell receives an internal (e.g. DNA damage) or external signal (e.g. an extracellular death ligand), and proceeds through a series of biochemical events (signaling pathway phase) which trigger an execution phase. The execution phase is the last step of an apoptotic process, and is typically characterized by rounding-up of the cell, retraction of pseudopodes, reduction of cellular volume (pyknosis), chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), plasma membrane blebbing and fragmentation of the cell into apoptotic bodies. When the execution phase is completed, the cell has died.
    GO:0007409    axonogenesis    De novo generation of a long process of a neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body towards target cells. Refers to the morphogenesis or creation of shape or form of the developing axon.
    GO:0060348    bone development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of bone over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Bone is the hard skeletal connective tissue consisting of both mineral and cellular components.
    GO:0030282    bone mineralization    The deposition of hydroxyapatite, a form of calcium phosphate with the formula Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, in bone tissue.
    GO:0060349    bone morphogenesis    The process in which bones are generated and organized.
    GO:0060667    branch elongation involved in salivary gland morphogenesis    The differential growth of the salivary branches along their axis, resulting in the growth of a branch.
    GO:0060670    branching involved in labyrinthine layer morphogenesis    The process in which the branches of the fetal placental villi are generated and organized. The villous part of the placenta is called the labyrinth layer.
    GO:0060442    branching involved in prostate gland morphogenesis    The process in which the branching structure of the prostate gland is generated and organized. A branch is a division or offshoot from a main stem.
    GO:0060445    branching involved in salivary gland morphogenesis    The process in which the branching structure of the salivary gland is generated and organized.
    GO:0048755    branching morphogenesis of a nerve    The process in which the anatomical structures of branches in a nerve are generated and organized. This term refers to an anatomical structure (nerve) not a cell (neuron).
    GO:0060449    bud elongation involved in lung branching    The process in which a bud in the lung grows out from the point where it is formed.
    GO:0045165    cell fate commitment    The commitment of cells to specific cell fates and their capacity to differentiate into particular kinds of cells. Positional information is established through protein signals that emanate from a localized source within a cell (the initial one-cell zygote) or within a developmental field.
    GO:0007267    cell-cell signaling    Any process that mediates the transfer of information from one cell to another. This process includes signal transduction in the receiving cell and, where applicable, release of a ligand and any processes that actively facilitate its transport and presentation to the receiving cell. Examples include signaling via soluble ligands, via cell adhesion molecules and via gap junctions.
    GO:0048565    digestive tract development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the digestive tract over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The digestive tract is the anatomical structure through which food passes and is processed.
    GO:0048701    embryonic cranial skeleton morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the cranial skeleton are generated and organized during the embryonic phase.
    GO:0048557    embryonic digestive tract morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the digestive tract are generated and organized during embryonic development. The digestive tract is the anatomical structure through which food passes and is processed.
    GO:0048568    embryonic organ development    Development, taking place during the embryonic phase, of a tissue or tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Development pertains to the process whose specific outcome is the progression of a structure over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
    GO:0048562    embryonic organ morphogenesis    Morphogenesis, during the embryonic phase, of a tissue or tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Morphogenesis is the process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
    GO:0009880    embryonic pattern specification    The process that results in the patterns of cell differentiation that will arise in an embryo.
    GO:0048730    epidermis morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the epidermis are generated and organized. The epidermis is the outer epithelial layer of an animal, it may be a single layer that produces an extracellular material (e.g. the cuticle of arthropods) or a complex stratified squamous epithelium, as in the case of many vertebrate species.
    GO:0030855    epithelial cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell, any of the cells making up an epithelium.
    GO:0060664    epithelial cell proliferation involved in salivary gland morphogenesis    The multiplication or reproduction of epithelial cells of the submandibular salivary gland, resulting in the expansion of a cell population and the shaping of the gland.
    GO:0001837    epithelial to mesenchymal transition    A transition where an epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0008543    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
    GO:0035603    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway involved in hemopoiesis    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands, which contributes to hemopoiesis.
    GO:0060595    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway involved in mammary gland specification    The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a fibroblast growth factor to its receptor on the surface of al cell in the epidermis resulting in the formation of the mammary line. The mammary line is a ridge of epidermal cells that will form the mammary placodes.
    GO:0035602    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway involved in negative regulation of apoptotic process in bone marrow    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands, which stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the occurrence or rate of cell death by apoptotic process in the bone marrow.
    GO:0035607    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway involved in orbitofrontal cortex development    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor-type receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands, which contributes to the progression of the orbitofrontal cortex over time from its initial formation until its mature state.
    GO:0035604    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway involved in positive regulation of cell proliferation in bone marrow    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands, which activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell proliferation in the bone marrow.
    GO:0022612    gland morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of a gland are generated and organized.
    GO:0031069    hair follicle morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the hair follicle are generated and organized.
    GO:0001701    in utero embryonic development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the embryo in the uterus over time, from formation of the zygote in the oviduct, to birth. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
    GO:0042472    inner ear morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
    GO:0032808    lacrimal gland development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lacrimal gland over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The lacrimal gland produces secretions that lubricate and protect the cornea of the eye.
    GO:0060601    lateral sprouting from an epithelium    The process in which a branch forms along the side of an epithelium.
    GO:0060174    limb bud formation    The process pertaining to the initial formation of a limb bud from unspecified parts. This process begins with the formation of a local condensation of mesenchyme cells within the prospective limb field, and ends when a limb bud is recognizable.
    GO:0048286    lung alveolus development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the alveolus over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The alveolus is a sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of air passageways.
    GO:0030324    lung development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
    GO:0060463    lung lobe morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of a lung lobe are generated and organized. A lung lobe is a projection that extends from the lung.
    GO:0060484    lung-associated mesenchyme development    The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of a lung-associated mesenchyme from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of lung-associated mesenchyme and ends with the mature structure. Lung-associated mesenchyme is the tissue made up of loosely connected mesenchymal cells in the lung.
    GO:0060615    mammary gland bud formation    The morphogenetic process in which a bud forms from the mammary placode. A mammary bud is bulb of epithelial cells that is distinct from the surrounding epidermis.
    GO:0003149    membranous septum morphogenesis    The process in which the membranous septum is generated and organized. The membranous septum is the upper part of ventricular septum.
    GO:0048762    mesenchymal cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
    GO:0060915    mesenchymal cell differentiation involved in lung development    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell of the lung. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
    GO:0060916    mesenchymal cell proliferation involved in lung development    The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a mesenchymal cell population that contributes to the progression of the lung over time. A mesenchymal cell is a cell that normally gives rise to other cells that are organized as three-dimensional masses, rather than sheets.
    GO:0048333    mesodermal cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a mesoderm cell.
    GO:0030901    midbrain development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the midbrain over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The midbrain is the middle division of the three primary divisions of the developing chordate brain or the corresponding part of the adult brain (in vertebrates, includes a ventral part containing the cerebral peduncles and a dorsal tectum containing the corpora quadrigemina and that surrounds the aqueduct of Sylvius connecting the third and fourth ventricles).
    GO:0016331    morphogenesis of embryonic epithelium    The process in which the anatomical structures of embryonic epithelia are generated and organized.
    GO:0035264    multicellular organism growth    The increase in size or mass of an entire multicellular organism, as opposed to cell growth.
    GO:0050680    negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of epithelial cell proliferation.
    GO:0000122    negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:0042476    odontogenesis    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a tooth or teeth over time, from formation to the mature structure(s). A tooth is any hard bony, calcareous, or chitinous organ found in the mouth or pharynx of an animal and used in procuring or masticating food.
    GO:0021769    orbitofrontal cortex development    The progression of the orbitofrontal cortex over time from its initial formation until its mature state. The orbitofrontal cortex is a cerebral cortex region located in the frontal lobe.
    GO:0035265    organ growth    The increase in size or mass of an organ. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that function together as to perform a specific function.
    GO:0030916    otic vesicle formation    The process resulting in the transition of the otic placode into the otic vesicle, a transient embryonic structure formed during development of the vertebrate inner ear.
    GO:0003148    outflow tract septum morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the outflow tract septum are generated and organized. The outflow tract septum is a partition in the outflow tract.
    GO:0018108    peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-tyrosine to form peptidyl-O4'-phospho-L-tyrosine.
    GO:0046854    phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation    The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a phosphatidylinositol, any glycerophosphoinositol having one phosphatidyl group esterified to one of the hydroxy groups of inositol.
    GO:0036092    phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process    The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate, a phosphatidylinositol monophosphate carrying the phosphate group at the 3-position.
    GO:0048015    phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling    A series of molecular signals in which a cell uses a phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling to convert a signal into a response. Phosphatidylinositols include phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) and its phosphorylated derivatives.
    GO:0016310    phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
    GO:0070374    positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the ERK1 and ERK2 cascade.
    GO:0043547    positive regulation of GTPase activity    Any process that activates or increases the activity of a GTPase.
    GO:0043410    positive regulation of MAPK cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the MAPK cascade.
    GO:0030177    positive regulation of Wnt signaling pathway    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of Wnt signal transduction.
    GO:0090263    positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of the Wnt signaling pathway through beta-catenin, the series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell, followed by propagation of the signal via beta-catenin, and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
    GO:0060045    positive regulation of cardiac muscle cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cardiac muscle cell proliferation.
    GO:0045787    positive regulation of cell cycle    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
    GO:0051781    positive regulation of cell division    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell division.
    GO:0008284    positive regulation of cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of cell proliferation.
    GO:0050679    positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of epithelial cell proliferation.
    GO:0060501    positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation involved in lung morphogenesis    Any process that increases the rate or frequency of epithelial cell proliferation that results in the lung attaining its shape.
    GO:0002053    positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation    The process of activating or increasing the rate or extent of mesenchymal cell proliferation. Mesenchymal cells are loosely organized embryonic cells.
    GO:0010518    positive regulation of phospholipase activity    Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of phospholipase activity, the hydrolysis of a phospholipid.
    GO:0048661    positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of smooth muscle cell proliferation.
    GO:0045944    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:0009791    post-embryonic development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the organism over time, from the completion of embryonic development to the mature structure. See embryonic development.
    GO:0060527    prostate epithelial cord arborization involved in prostate glandular acinus morphogenesis    The branching morphogenesis process in which the prostate epithelial cords branch freely to create the structure of the prostate acini.
    GO:0060523    prostate epithelial cord elongation    The developmental growth process in which solid chords of prostate epithelium increase in length.
    GO:0060512    prostate gland morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of a prostate gland are generated and organized.
    GO:0046777    protein autophosphorylation    The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).
    GO:0006468    protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
    GO:0021860    pyramidal neuron development    The progression of a pyramidal neuron from its initial formation to its mature state.
    GO:0070372    regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the ERK1 and ERK2 cascade.
    GO:0060687    regulation of branching involved in prostate gland morphogenesis    Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of prostate gland branching, the process in which the branching structure of the prostate gland is generated and organized. A branch is a division or offshoot from a main stem.
    GO:0010453    regulation of cell fate commitment    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cell fate commitment. Cell fate commitment is the commitment of cells to specific cell fates and their capacity to differentiate into particular kinds of cells. Positional information is established through protein signals that emanate from a localized source within a cell (the initial one-cell zygote) or within a developmental field.
    GO:0040036    regulation of fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway activity.
    GO:0060688    regulation of morphogenesis of a branching structure    Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of branching morphogenesis, the process in which the anatomical structures of branches are generated and organized.
    GO:0040014    regulation of multicellular organism growth    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of growth of the body of an organism so that it reaches its usual body size.
    GO:0045667    regulation of osteoblast differentiation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of osteoblast differentiation.
    GO:0033688    regulation of osteoblast proliferation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of osteoblast proliferation.
    GO:0014066    regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase cascade.
    GO:0051150    regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    GO:0008589    regulation of smoothened signaling pathway    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of smoothened signaling.
    GO:0048608    reproductive structure development    The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of structures that will be used in the process of creating new individuals from one or more parents, from their formation to the mature structures.
    GO:0048705    skeletal system morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the skeleton are generated and organized.
    GO:0060529    squamous basal epithelial stem cell differentiation involved in prostate gland acinus development    The process in which a relatively unspecialized epithelial cell acquires specialized features of a squamous basal epithelial stem cell of the prostate.
    GO:0001657    ureteric bud development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the ureteric bud over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
    GO:0055010    ventricular cardiac muscle tissue morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of cardiac ventricle muscle is generated and organized.
    GO:0021847    ventricular zone neuroblast division    The proliferation of neuroblasts in the ventricular zone of the cerebral cortex. The neuronal progenitors of these cells will migrate radially.
cellular component
    GO:0005794    Golgi apparatus    A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
    GO:0005938    cell cortex    The region of a cell that lies just beneath the plasma membrane and often, but not always, contains a network of actin filaments and associated proteins.
    GO:0009986    cell surface    The external part of the cell wall and/or plasma membrane.
    GO:0005737    cytoplasm    All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
    GO:0031410    cytoplasmic vesicle    A vesicle found in the cytoplasm of a cell.
    GO:0060076    excitatory synapse    A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell increases the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
    GO:0031012    extracellular matrix    A structure lying external to one or more cells, which provides structural support for cells or tissues.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0016021    integral component of membrane    The component of a membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0005887    integral component of plasma membrane    The component of the plasma membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0043231    intracellular membrane-bounded organelle    Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
    GO:0005886    plasma membrane    The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.

Chain B,D   (FGF1_HUMAN | P05230)
molecular function
    GO:0016303    1-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol + ATP = a 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate + ADP + 2 H(+).
    GO:0030544    Hsp70 protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with Hsp70 proteins, any of a group of heat shock proteins around 70kDa in size.
    GO:0005088    Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity    Stimulates the exchange of guanyl nucleotides associated with a GTPase of the Ras superfamily. Under normal cellular physiological conditions, the concentration of GTP is higher than that of GDP, favoring the replacement of GDP by GTP in association with the GTPase.
    GO:0044548    S100 protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a S100 protein. S100 is a small calcium and zinc binding protein produced in astrocytes that is implicated in Alzheimer's disease, Down Syndrome and ALS.
    GO:0005104    fibroblast growth factor receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR).
    GO:0008083    growth factor activity    The function that stimulates a cell to grow or proliferate. Most growth factors have other actions besides the induction of cell growth or proliferation.
    GO:0008201    heparin binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with heparin, any member of a group of glycosaminoglycans found mainly as an intracellular component of mast cells and which consist predominantly of alternating alpha-(1->4)-linked D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate residues.
    GO:0005178    integrin binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an integrin.
    GO:0046934    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + ATP = a 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate + ADP + 2 H(+).
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0004713    protein tyrosine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein tyrosine = ADP + protein tyrosine phosphate.
    GO:0005102    receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with one or more specific sites on a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
biological process
    GO:0000165    MAPK cascade    An intracellular protein kinase cascade containing at least a MAPK, a MAPKK and a MAP3K. The cascade can also contain two additional tiers: the upstream MAP4K and the downstream MAP Kinase-activated kinase (MAPKAPK). The kinases in each tier phosphorylate and activate the kinases in the downstream tier to transmit a signal within a cell.
    GO:0000187    activation of MAPK activity    The initiation of the activity of the inactive enzyme MAP kinase (MAPK).
    GO:0032148    activation of protein kinase B activity    Any process that initiates the activity of the inactive enzyme protein kinase B.
    GO:0009653    anatomical structure morphogenesis    The process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
    GO:0001525    angiogenesis    Blood vessel formation when new vessels emerge from the proliferation of pre-existing blood vessels.
    GO:0060681    branch elongation involved in ureteric bud branching    The growth of a branch of the ureteric bud along its axis.
    GO:0030154    cell differentiation    The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
    GO:0008283    cell proliferation    The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
    GO:0034605    cellular response to heat    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heat stimulus, a temperature stimulus above the optimal temperature for that organism.
    GO:0008543    fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a fibroblast growth factor receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
    GO:0030324    lung development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
    GO:0072163    mesonephric epithelium development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an epithelium in the mesonephros over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An epithelium is a tissue that covers the internal or external surfaces of an anatomical structure.
    GO:0007275    multicellular organism development    The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of a multicellular organism over time from an initial condition (e.g. a zygote or a young adult) to a later condition (e.g. a multicellular animal or an aged adult).
    GO:0001759    organ induction    The interaction of two or more cells or tissues that causes them to change their fates and specify the development of an organ.
    GO:0018108    peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-tyrosine to form peptidyl-O4'-phospho-L-tyrosine.
    GO:0046854    phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation    The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a phosphatidylinositol, any glycerophosphoinositol having one phosphatidyl group esterified to one of the hydroxy groups of inositol.
    GO:0036092    phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process    The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate, a phosphatidylinositol monophosphate carrying the phosphate group at the 3-position.
    GO:0048015    phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling    A series of molecular signals in which a cell uses a phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling to convert a signal into a response. Phosphatidylinositols include phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) and its phosphorylated derivatives.
    GO:0070374    positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the ERK1 and ERK2 cascade.
    GO:0043547    positive regulation of GTPase activity    Any process that activates or increases the activity of a GTPase.
    GO:0043406    positive regulation of MAP kinase activity    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of MAP kinase activity.
    GO:0045766    positive regulation of angiogenesis    Any process that activates or increases angiogenesis.
    GO:0051781    positive regulation of cell division    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell division.
    GO:0030335    positive regulation of cell migration    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell migration.
    GO:0008284    positive regulation of cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of cell proliferation.
    GO:0045542    positive regulation of cholesterol biosynthetic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cholesterol.
    GO:0010595    positive regulation of endothelial cell migration    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of the orderly movement of an endothelial cell into the extracellular matrix to form an endothelium.
    GO:0050679    positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of epithelial cell proliferation.
    GO:1902533    positive regulation of intracellular signal transduction    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intracellular signal transduction.
    GO:0001934    positive regulation of protein phosphorylation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
    GO:1903672    positive regulation of sprouting angiogenesis    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of sprouting angiogenesis.
    GO:0045944    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:2000544    regulation of endothelial cell chemotaxis to fibroblast growth factor    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endothelial cell chemotaxis to fibroblast growth factor.
    GO:1901509    regulation of endothelial tube morphogenesis    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endothelial tube morphogenesis.
    GO:0014066    regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase cascade.
    GO:0007165    signal transduction    The cellular process in which a signal is conveyed to trigger a change in the activity or state of a cell. Signal transduction begins with reception of a signal (e.g. a ligand binding to a receptor or receptor activation by a stimulus such as light), or for signal transduction in the absence of ligand, signal-withdrawal or the activity of a constitutively active receptor. Signal transduction ends with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. regulation of transcription or regulation of a metabolic process. Signal transduction covers signaling from receptors located on the surface of the cell and signaling via molecules located within the cell. For signaling between cells, signal transduction is restricted to events at and within the receiving cell.
cellular component
    GO:0005938    cell cortex    The region of a cell that lies just beneath the plasma membrane and often, but not always, contains a network of actin filaments and associated proteins.
    GO:0005737    cytoplasm    All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
    GO:0005829    cytosol    The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.
    GO:0005730    nucleolus    A small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. It is rich in RNA and protein, is not bounded by a limiting membrane, and is not seen during mitosis. Its prime function is the transcription of the nucleolar DNA into 45S ribosomal-precursor RNA, the processing of this RNA into 5.8S, 18S, and 28S components of ribosomal RNA, and the association of these components with 5S RNA and proteins synthesized outside the nucleolus. This association results in the formation of ribonucleoprotein precursors; these pass into the cytoplasm and mature into the 40S and 60S subunits of the ribosome.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
    GO:0005578    proteinaceous extracellular matrix    A layer consisting mainly of proteins (especially collagen) and glycosaminoglycans (mostly as proteoglycans) that forms a sheet underlying or overlying cells such as endothelial and epithelial cells. The proteins are secreted by cells in the vicinity. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.

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    Ala D:48 - Glu D:49   [ RasMol ]  
    Asn A:184 - Pro A:185   [ RasMol ]  
    Asn B:92 - His B:93   [ RasMol ]  
    Asn C:184 - Pro C:185   [ RasMol ]  
    Asn D:92 - His D:93   [ RasMol ]  
    Glu D:49 - Ser D:50   [ RasMol ]  
    Glu D:91 - Asn D:92   [ RasMol ]  
    Ser B:50 - Val B:51   [ RasMol ]  
    Ser D:50 - Val D:51   [ RasMol ]  
    Val D:51 - Gly D:52   [ RasMol ]  
 

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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
        FGF1_HUMAN | P052301axm 1djs 1dzc 1dzd 1e0o 1evt 1hkn 1jqz 1jt3 1jt4 1jt5 1jt7 1jtc 1jy0 1k5u 1k5v 1m16 1nzk 1p63 1pzz 1q03 1q04 1qct 1rg8 1rml 1ry7 1yto 1z2v 1z4s 2afg 2aqz 2axm 2erm 2hw9 2hwa 2hwm 2hz9 2k43 2k4a 2k8r 2ki4 2ki6 2ntd 2q9x 2rq9 3b9u 3ba4 3ba5 3ba7 3bad 3bag 3bah 3bao 3baq 3bau 3bav 3bb2 3cqa 3crg 3crh 3cri 3fgm 3fj8 3fj9 3fja 3fjb 3fjc 3fjd 3fje 3fjf 3fjh 3fji 3fjj 3fjk 3hom 3jut 3k1x 3o3q 3oj2 3ojm 3ojv 3ud7 3ud8 3ud9 3uda 4j23 4q91 4q9g 4q9p 4qal 4qbc 4qbv 4qc4 4qo3 4xki 4yol
        FGFR2_HUMAN | P218021djs 1e0o 1ev2 1gjo 1ii4 1iil 1nun 1oec 1wvz 2fdb 2psq 2pvf 2pvy 2pwl 2py3 2pz5 2pzp 2pzr 2q0b 3b2t 3caf 3cly 3dar 3euu 3oj2 3ojm 3ri1 4j23 4j95 4j96 4j97 4j98 4j99 4wv1 5eg3 5ugl 5ugx 5uhn 5ui0

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

(no "Related Entries Specified in the PDB File" available for 3CU1)