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(-) Description

Title :  HUMAN DUAL-SPECIFICITY TYROSINE-PHOSPHORYLATION-REGULATED KINASE 1A IN COMPLEX WITH A CONSENSUS SUBSTRATE PEPTIDE
 
Authors :  A. K. Roos, M. Soundararajan, J. M. Elkins, O. Fedorov, J. Eswaran, C. Ph A. C. W. Pike, E. Ugochukwu, J. R. C. Muniz, N. Burgess-Brown, F. Von De C. H. Arrowsmith, M. Wikstrom, A. Edwards, C. Bountra, S. Knapp
Date :  22 Jul 09  (Deposition) - 18 Aug 09  (Release) - 21 Dec 16  (Revision)
Method :  X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution :  2.50
Chains :  Asym. Unit :  A,B,C
Biol. Unit 1:  B,C  (1x)
Biol. Unit 2:  A  (1x)
Keywords :  Transferase-Peptide Complex, Transferase Peptide Complex, Serine/Threonine-Protein Atp-Binding, Phosphoprotein, Nucleotide-Binding, Dyrk1, Dyrk1A, Kinase, Nucleus, Transferase, Tyrosine-Protein Kinase (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  M. Soundararajan, A. K. Roos, P. Savitsky, P. Filippakopoulos, A. N. Kettenbach, J. V. Olsen, S. A. Gerber, J. Eswaran, S. Knapp, J. M. Elkins
Structures Of Down Syndrome Kinases, Dyrks, Reveal Mechanisms Of Kinase Activation And Substrate Recognition.
Structure V. 21 986 2013
PubMed-ID: 23665168  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1016/J.STR.2013.03.012

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - DUAL SPECIFICITY TYROSINE-PHOSPHORYLATION- REGULATED KINASE 1A
    ChainsA, B
    EC Number2.7.12.1
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System PlasmidPNIC28-BSA4
    Expression System StrainBL21(DE3)
    Expression System Taxid469008
    Expression System VariantR3-PRARE2
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentRESIDUES 127-485
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SynonymPROTEIN KINASE MINIBRAIN HOMOLOG, HP86, DUAL SPECIFICITY YAK1-RELATED KINASE, MNBH, HMNB
 
Molecule 2 - ARTIFICIAL CONSENSUS SEQUENCE
    ChainsC
    Organism ScientificSYNTHETIC CONSTRUCT
    Organism Taxid32630
    SyntheticYES

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  123
Asymmetric Unit ABC
Biological Unit 1 (1x) BC
Biological Unit 2 (1x)A  

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (3, 5)

Asymmetric Unit (3, 5)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1CL1Ligand/IonCHLORIDE ION
2D152Ligand/IonN-(5-{[(2S)-4-AMINO-2-(3-CHLOROPHENYL)BUTANOYL]AMINO}-1H-INDAZOL-3-YL)BENZAMIDE
3PTR2Mod. Amino AcidO-PHOSPHOTYROSINE
Biological Unit 1 (2, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1CL-1Ligand/IonCHLORIDE ION
2D151Ligand/IonN-(5-{[(2S)-4-AMINO-2-(3-CHLOROPHENYL)BUTANOYL]AMINO}-1H-INDAZOL-3-YL)BENZAMIDE
3PTR1Mod. Amino AcidO-PHOSPHOTYROSINE
Biological Unit 2 (2, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1CL-1Ligand/IonCHLORIDE ION
2D151Ligand/IonN-(5-{[(2S)-4-AMINO-2-(3-CHLOROPHENYL)BUTANOYL]AMINO}-1H-INDAZOL-3-YL)BENZAMIDE
3PTR1Mod. Amino AcidO-PHOSPHOTYROSINE

(-) Sites  (3, 3)

Asymmetric Unit (3, 3)
No.NameEvidenceResiduesDescription
1AC1SOFTWAREILE A:165 , GLY A:168 , GLY A:171 , ALA A:186 , LYS A:188 , GLU A:239 , MET A:240 , LEU A:241 , SER A:242 , ASN A:292 , LEU A:294 , ASP A:307 , HOH A:2191BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE D15 A 600
2AC2SOFTWAREILE B:165 , LYS B:167 , GLY B:168 , GLY B:171 , ALA B:186 , LYS B:188 , GLU B:239 , MET B:240 , LEU B:241 , SER B:242 , ASN B:292 , LEU B:294 , ASP B:307 , CL B:700BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE D15 B 600
3AC3SOFTWARELYS B:188 , D15 B:600 , HOH B:2043BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE CL B 700

(-) SS Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "SS Bond" information available for 2WO6)

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (1, 1)

Asymmetric Unit
No.Residues
1Pro C:7 -Gly C:8

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (1, 2)

Asymmetric Unit (1, 2)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_009395Y415FDYR1A_HUMANPolymorphism  ---A/BY415F

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Biological Unit 1 (1, 1)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_009395Y415FDYR1A_HUMANPolymorphism  ---BY415F

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Biological Unit 2 (1, 1)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_009395Y415FDYR1A_HUMANPolymorphism  ---AY415F

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (2, 4)

Asymmetric Unit (2, 4)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DYR1A_HUMAN165-188
 
  2A:165-188
B:165-188
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DYR1A_HUMAN283-295
 
  2A:283-295
B:283-295
Biological Unit 1 (2, 2)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DYR1A_HUMAN165-188
 
  1-
B:165-188
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DYR1A_HUMAN283-295
 
  1-
B:283-295
Biological Unit 2 (2, 2)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DYR1A_HUMAN165-188
 
  1A:165-188
-
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DYR1A_HUMAN283-295
 
  1A:283-295
-

(-) Exons   (0, 0)

(no "Exon" information available for 2WO6)

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:345
 aligned with DYR1A_HUMAN | Q13627 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:763

    Alignment length:349
                                   142       152       162       172       182       192       202       212       222       232       242       252       262       272       282       292       302       312       322       332       342       352       362       372       382       392       402       412       422       432       442       452       462       472         
          DYR1A_HUMAN   133 RKVYNDGYDDDNYDYIVKNGEKWMDRYEIDSLIGKGSFGQVVKAYDRVEQEWVAIKIIKNKKAFLNQAQIEVRLLELMNKHDTEMKYYIVHLKRHFMFRNHLCLVFEMLSYNLYDLLRNTNFRGVSLNLTRKFAQQMCTALLFLATPELSIIHCDLKPENILLCNPKRSAIKIVDFGSSCQLGQRIYQYIQSRFYRSPEVLLGMPYDLAIDMWSLGCILVEMHTGEPLFSGANEVDQMNKIVEVLGIPPAHILDQAPKARKFFEKLPDGTWNLKKTKDGKREYKPPGTRKLHNILGVETGGPGGRRAGESGHTVADYLKFKDLILRMLDYDPKTRIQPYYALQHSFFKK 481
               SCOP domains ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author .....................ee...eeeeee........eeeeee....eeeeeee...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh..hhhhhh...eeeeeee..eeeeeee....hhhhhhhhh.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.....ee....hhh.eee.......eee......ee..........hhhhhhhhhhh.....hhhhhhhh.hhhhhhhh........hhhhhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhh...hhhhheee.....eee...----.........hhhhhh.................hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh........hhhhhhhhhhhh. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------F------------------------------------------------------------------ SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE --------------------------------PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINAS------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ PROSITE
                 Transcript ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript
                 2wo6 A 133 RKVYNDGYDDDNYDYIVKNGEKWMDRYEIDSLIGKGSFGQVVKAYDRVEQEWVAIKIIKNKKAFLNQAQIEVRLLELMNKHDTEMKYYIVHLKRHFMFRNHLCLVFEMLSYNLYDLLRNTNFRGVSLNLTRKFAQQMCTALLFLATPELSIIHCDLKPENILLCNPKRSAIKIVDFGSSCQLGQRIYQyIQSRFYRSPEVLLGMPYDLAIDMWSLGCILVEMHTGEPLFSGANEVDQMNKIVEVLGIPPAHILDQAPKARKFFEKLPDGTWNLKKT----REYKPPGTRKLHNILGVETGGPGGRRAGESGHTVADYLKFKDLILRMLDYDPKTRIQPYYALQHSFFKK 481
                                   142       152       162       172       182       192       202       212       222       232       242       252       262       272       282       292       302       312       322       332       342       352       362       372       382       392       402     |   -|      422       432       442       452       462       472         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      321-PTR                                                                                408  413                                                                    

Chain B from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:340
 aligned with DYR1A_HUMAN | Q13627 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:763

    Alignment length:345
                                   145       155       165       175       185       195       205       215       225       235       245       255       265       275       285       295       305       315       325       335       345       355       365       375       385       395       405       415       425       435       445       455       465       475     
          DYR1A_HUMAN   136 YNDGYDDDNYDYIVKNGEKWMDRYEIDSLIGKGSFGQVVKAYDRVEQEWVAIKIIKNKKAFLNQAQIEVRLLELMNKHDTEMKYYIVHLKRHFMFRNHLCLVFEMLSYNLYDLLRNTNFRGVSLNLTRKFAQQMCTALLFLATPELSIIHCDLKPENILLCNPKRSAIKIVDFGSSCQLGQRIYQYIQSRFYRSPEVLLGMPYDLAIDMWSLGCILVEMHTGEPLFSGANEVDQMNKIVEVLGIPPAHILDQAPKARKFFEKLPDGTWNLKKTKDGKREYKPPGTRKLHNILGVETGGPGGRRAGESGHTVADYLKFKDLILRMLDYDPKTRIQPYYALQHSFFK 480
               SCOP domains --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CATH domains
           Pfam domains (1) -----------------------Pkinase-2wo6B01 B:159-479                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        - Pfam domains (1)
           Pfam domains (2) -----------------------Pkinase-2wo6B02 B:159-479                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        - Pfam domains (2)
         Sec.struct. author ..................ee...eeeeee........eeeeee....eeeeeee...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhh...eeeeeee..eeeeeee....hhhhhhhhh.....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.....ee....hhh.eee.......eee......ee..........hhhhhhhhhhh.....hhhhhhhh.hhhhhhhh........hhhhhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhh...hhhhheee.....eee..-----.........hhhhhh.................hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh........hhhhhhhhhhhh Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------F----------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE -----------------------------PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINAS----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
                 Transcript --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript
                 2wo6 B 136 YNDGYDDDNYDYIVKNGEKWMDRYEIDSLIGKGSFGQVVKAYDRVEQEWVAIKIIKNKKAFLNQAQIEVRLLELMNKHDTEMKYYIVHLKRHFMFRNHLCLVFEMLSYNLYDLLRNTNFRGVSLNLTRKFAQQMCTALLFLATPELSIIHCDLKPENILLCNPKRSAIKIVDFGSSCQLGQRIYQyIQSRFYRSPEVLLGMPYDLAIDMWSLGCILVEMHTGEPLFSGANEVDQMNKIVEVLGIPPAHILDQAPKARKFFEKLPDGTWNLKK-----REYKPPGTRKLHNILGVETGGPGGRRAGESGHTVADYLKFKDLILRMLDYDPKTRIQPYYALQHSFFK 480
                                   145       155       165       175       185       195       205       215       225       235       245       255       265       275       285       295       305       315     | 325       335       345       355       365       375       385       395       405 |     415       425       435       445       455       465       475     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   321-PTR                                                                               407   413                                                                   

Chain C from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:8
 aligned with CRUM2_HUMAN | Q5IJ48 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:1285

    Alignment length:11
                                    13 
          CRUM2_HUMAN     4 ARPGTPDPQAL  14
               SCOP domains ----------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains ----------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ----------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ......---.. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ----------- PROSITE
                 Transcript ----------- Transcript
                 2wo6 C   5 ARPGTP---AL  12
                                 |  11 
                                10  11 

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (0, 0)

(no "SCOP Domain" information available for 2WO6)

(-) CATH Domains  (0, 0)

(no "CATH Domain" information available for 2WO6)

(-) Pfam Domains  (1, 2)

Asymmetric Unit
(-)
Clan: PKinase (934)

(-) Gene Ontology  (49, 49)

Asymmetric Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A,B   (DYR1A_HUMAN | Q13627)
molecular function
    GO:0005524    ATP binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.
    GO:0042802    identical protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein or proteins.
    GO:0016301    kinase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
    GO:0004715    non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + protein L-tyrosine = ADP + protein L-tyrosine phosphate by a non-membrane spanning protein.
    GO:0000166    nucleotide binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0004672    protein kinase activity    Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
    GO:0043621    protein self-association    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a domain within the same polypeptide.
    GO:0004674    protein serine/threonine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.
    GO:0004712    protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + a protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate; ATP + a protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate; and ATP + a protein tyrosine = ADP + protein tyrosine phosphate.
    GO:0004713    protein tyrosine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein tyrosine = ADP + protein tyrosine phosphate.
    GO:0048156    tau protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with tau protein. tau is a microtubule-associated protein, implicated in Alzheimer's disease, Down Syndrome and ALS.
    GO:0016740    transferase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor). Transferase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 2.
biological process
    GO:0007623    circadian rhythm    Any biological process in an organism that recurs with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
    GO:0043518    negative regulation of DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the cascade of processes induced by the cell cycle regulator phosphoprotein p53, or an equivalent protein, in response to the detection of DNA damage.
    GO:0048025    negative regulation of mRNA splicing, via spliceosome    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of mRNA splicing via a spliceosomal mechanism.
    GO:0007399    nervous system development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of nervous tissue over time, from its formation to its mature state.
    GO:0018105    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-serine to form peptidyl-O-phospho-L-serine.
    GO:0018107    peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-threonine to form peptidyl-O-phospho-L-threonine.
    GO:0018108    peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-tyrosine to form peptidyl-O4'-phospho-L-tyrosine.
    GO:0016310    phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
    GO:0090312    positive regulation of protein deacetylation    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of protein deacetylation, the removal of an acetyl group from a protein amino acid. An acetyl group is CH3CO-, derived from acetic [ethanoic] acid.
    GO:0046777    protein autophosphorylation    The phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues (cis-autophosphorylation), or residues on an identical protein (trans-autophosphorylation).
    GO:0006468    protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
    GO:0000381    regulation of alternative mRNA splicing, via spliceosome    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of alternative splicing of nuclear mRNAs.
cellular component
    GO:0030529    intracellular ribonucleoprotein complex    An intracellular macromolecular complex containing both protein and RNA molecules.
    GO:0016607    nuclear speck    A discrete extra-nucleolar subnuclear domain, 20-50 in number, in which splicing factors are seen to be localized by immunofluorescence microscopy.
    GO:0005654    nucleoplasm    That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.

Chain C   (CRUM2_HUMAN | Q5IJ48)
molecular function
    GO:0019828    aspartic-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity    Stops, prevents or reduces the activity of aspartic-type endopeptidases, enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nonterminal peptide bonds in a polypeptide chain; the optimum reaction pH is below 5 due to an aspartic residue involved in the catalytic process.
    GO:0005509    calcium ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with calcium ions (Ca2+).
    GO:0019899    enzyme binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any enzyme.
biological process
    GO:0072358    cardiovascular system development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the cardiovascular system over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The cardiovascular system is the anatomical system that has as its parts the heart and blood vessels.
    GO:0045197    establishment or maintenance of epithelial cell apical/basal polarity    Any cellular process that results in the specification, formation or maintenance of the apicobasal polarity of an epithelial cell.
    GO:0045199    maintenance of epithelial cell apical/basal polarity    The maintenance of the apicobasal polarity of an epithelial cell.
    GO:0001707    mesoderm formation    The process that gives rise to the mesoderm. This process pertains to the initial formation of the structure from unspecified parts.
    GO:0010951    negative regulation of endopeptidase activity    Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of endopeptidase activity, the endohydrolysis of peptide bonds within proteins.
    GO:0014028    notochord formation    The formation of the notochord from the chordamesoderm. The notochord is composed of large cells packed within a firm connective tissue sheath and is found in all chordates at the ventral surface of the neural tube. In vertebrates, the notochord contributes to the vertebral column.
    GO:0030513    positive regulation of BMP signaling pathway    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of BMP signaling pathway activity.
    GO:0010718    positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition is where an epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0060042    retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye    The process in which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized.
    GO:0001756    somitogenesis    The formation of mesodermal clusters that are arranged segmentally along the anterior posterior axis of an embryo.
cellular component
    GO:0070062    extracellular exosome    A vesicle that is released into the extracellular region by fusion of the limiting endosomal membrane of a multivesicular body with the plasma membrane. Extracellular exosomes, also simply called exosomes, have a diameter of about 40-100 nm.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0016021    integral component of membrane    The component of a membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0045121    membrane raft    Any of the small (10-200 nm), heterogeneous, highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that compartmentalize cellular processes. Small rafts can sometimes be stabilized to form larger platforms through protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions.
    GO:0005886    plasma membrane    The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.
    GO:0043234    protein complex    A stable macromolecular complex composed (only) of two or more polypeptide subunits along with any covalently attached molecules (such as lipid anchors or oligosaccharide) or non-protein prosthetic groups (such as nucleotides or metal ions). Prosthetic group in this context refers to a tightly bound cofactor. The component polypeptide subunits may be identical.

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  DYR1A_HUMAN | Q13627
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  CRUM2_HUMAN | Q5IJ48
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  DYR1A_HUMAN | Q13627
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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

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        DYR1A_HUMAN | Q136272vx3 3anq 3anr 4aze 4mq1 4mq2 4nct 4ylj 4ylk 4yll 4yu2 5a3x 5a4e 5a4l 5a4q 5a4t 5a54 5aik

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

2vx3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN DUAL SPECIFICITY TYROSINE-PHOSPHORYLATION-REGULATED KINASE 1A