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(-) Description

Title :  STRUCTURE OF HUMAN MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY PROTEIN KINASE IN COMPLEX WITH THE BISINDOYLMALEIDE INHIBITOR BIM VIII
 
Authors :  A. C. W. Pike, A. Amos, J. Elkins, A. Bullock, K. Guo, O. Fedorov, G. Bunko P. Filippakopoulos, E. S. Pilka, E. Ugochukwu, C. Umeano, F. Niesen, M. Sundstrom, J. Weigelt, A. Edwards, C. H. Arrowsmith, F. Von Delft,
Date :  30 Sep 07  (Deposition) - 06 Nov 07  (Release) - 13 Jul 11  (Revision)
Method :  X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution :  2.80
Chains :  Asym. Unit :  A,B
Biol. Unit 1:  A  (2x)
Biol. Unit 2:  B  (2x)
Keywords :  Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase, Kinase, Transferase, Atp-Binding, Nucleotide-Binding, Cardiac Contractility, Muscle Differentiation (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  J. Elkins, A. Amos, F. Niesen, A. C. W. Pike, O. Fedorov, S. Knapp
Structure Of Dystrophia Myotonica Protein Kinase.
Protein Sci. V. 18 782 2009
PubMed-ID: 19309729  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1002/PRO.82

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - DMPK PROTEIN
    ChainsA, B
    EC Number2.7.11.1
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System PlasmidPNIC28-BSA4
    Expression System StrainBL21 (DE3)
    Expression System Taxid469008
    Expression System VariantR3-PRARE2
    FragmentKINASE DOMAIN, RESIDUES 11-420
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SynonymMYOTONIC DYSTROPHY PROTEIN KINASE

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  12
Asymmetric Unit AB
Biological Unit 1 (2x)A 
Biological Unit 2 (2x) B

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (1, 2)

Asymmetric Unit (1, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1BI82Ligand/Ion3-[1-(3-AMINOPROPYL)-1H-INDOL-3-YL]-4-(1-METHYL-1H-INDOL-3-YL)-1H-PYRROLE-2,5-DIONE
Biological Unit 1 (1, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1BI82Ligand/Ion3-[1-(3-AMINOPROPYL)-1H-INDOL-3-YL]-4-(1-METHYL-1H-INDOL-3-YL)-1H-PYRROLE-2,5-DIONE
Biological Unit 2 (1, 2)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1BI82Ligand/Ion3-[1-(3-AMINOPROPYL)-1H-INDOL-3-YL]-4-(1-METHYL-1H-INDOL-3-YL)-1H-PYRROLE-2,5-DIONE

(-) Sites  (2, 2)

Asymmetric Unit (2, 2)
No.NameEvidenceResiduesDescription
1AC1SOFTWAREILE A:77 , LYS A:100 , THR A:132 , MET A:148 , GLU A:149 , TYR A:150 , TYR A:151 , ASP A:199 , ASN A:200 , LEU A:202 , ASP A:213BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE BI8 A1417
2AC2SOFTWAREILE B:77 , VAL B:85 , ALA B:98 , LYS B:100 , THR B:132 , MET B:148 , GLU B:149 , TYR B:150 , TYR B:151 , ASN B:200 , LEU B:202 , ASP B:213 , HOH B:2001BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE BI8 B1417

(-) SS Bonds  (2, 2)

Asymmetric Unit
No.Residues
1A:206 -B:365
2A:365 -B:206

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (1, 1)

Asymmetric Unit
No.Residues
1Glu A:371 -Asp A:372

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (0, 0)

(no "SAP(SNP)/Variant" information available for 2VD5)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (3, 6)

Asymmetric Unit (3, 6)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DMPK_HUMAN77-100
 
  2A:77-100
B:77-100
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DMPK_HUMAN191-203
 
  2A:191-203
B:191-203
3AGC_KINASE_CTERPS51285 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain profile.DMPK_HUMAN340-415
 
  2A:340-415
B:340-415
Biological Unit 1 (3, 6)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DMPK_HUMAN77-100
 
  2A:77-100
-
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DMPK_HUMAN191-203
 
  2A:191-203
-
3AGC_KINASE_CTERPS51285 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain profile.DMPK_HUMAN340-415
 
  2A:340-415
-
Biological Unit 2 (3, 6)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PROTEIN_KINASE_ATPPS00107 Protein kinases ATP-binding region signature.DMPK_HUMAN77-100
 
  2-
B:77-100
2PROTEIN_KINASE_STPS00108 Serine/Threonine protein kinases active-site signature.DMPK_HUMAN191-203
 
  2-
B:191-203
3AGC_KINASE_CTERPS51285 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain profile.DMPK_HUMAN340-415
 
  2-
B:340-415

(-) Exons   (10, 20)

Asymmetric Unit (10, 20)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.1aENST000002912701aENSE00001112734chr19:46285815-46285451365DMPK_HUMAN1-54542A:11-54
B:11-54
44
44
1.2cENST000002912702cENSE00001257024chr19:46283127-4628303692DMPK_HUMAN54-84312A:54-84
B:54-84
31
31
1.3ENST000002912703ENSE00001598066chr19:46282780-4628269784DMPK_HUMAN85-112282A:85-112
B:85-112
28
28
1.4ENST000002912704ENSE00001157031chr19:46282617-4628252296DMPK_HUMAN113-144322A:113-144
B:113-144
32
32
1.5ENST000002912705ENSE00001112730chr19:46281899-46281751149DMPK_HUMAN145-194502A:145-194
B:145-194
50
50
1.6ENST000002912706ENSE00001112733chr19:46281478-4628138594DMPK_HUMAN194-225322A:194-225
B:194-225
32
32
1.7ENST000002912707ENSE00001112727chr19:46281131-46280925207DMPK_HUMAN226-294692A:226-294
B:226-294 (gaps)
69
69
1.8bENST000002912708bENSE00001256892chr19:46280848-46280585264DMPK_HUMAN295-382882A:295-382 (gaps)
B:295-382 (gaps)
88
88
1.9ENST000002912709ENSE00001112731chr19:46278292-4627820786DMPK_HUMAN383-411292A:383-411 (gaps)
B:383-411 (gaps)
29
29
1.10ENST0000029127010ENSE00001112739chr19:46276010-46275899112DMPK_HUMAN411-448382A:411-416
B:411-416
6
6
1.11ENST0000029127011ENSE00001256867chr19:46275186-46275029158DMPK_HUMAN449-501530--
1.12ENST0000029127012ENSE00001112726chr19:46274923-4627482698DMPK_HUMAN501-534340--
1.13ENST0000029127013ENSE00001112736chr19:46274654-4627460847DMPK_HUMAN534-549160--
1.14bENST0000029127014bENSE00001707544chr19:46274318-4627422990DMPK_HUMAN550-579300--
1.15bENST0000029127015bENSE00001655086chr19:46273898-46272978921DMPK_HUMAN580-629500--

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:390
 aligned with DMPK_HUMAN | Q09013 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:629

    Alignment length:406
                                    20        30        40        50        60        70        80        90       100       110       120       130       140       150       160       170       180       190       200       210       220       230       240       250       260       270       280       290       300       310       320       330       340       350       360       370       380       390       400       410      
           DMPK_HUMAN    11 QQLVLDPGFLGLEPLLDLLLGVHQELGASELAQDKYVADFLQWAEPIVVRLKEVRLQRDDFEILKVIGRGAFSEVAVVKMKQTGQVYAMKIMNKWDMLKRGEVSCFREERDVLVNGDRRWITQLHFAFQDENYLYLVMEYYVGGDLLTLLSKFGERIPAEMARFYLAEIVMAIDSVHRLGYVHRDIKPDNILLDRCGHIRLADFGSCLKLRADGTVRSLVAVGTPDYLSPEILQAVGGGPGTGSYGPECDWWALGVFAYEMFYGQTPFYADSTAETYGKIVHYKEHLSLPLVDEGVPEEARDFIQRLLCPPETRLGRGGAGDFRTHPFFFGLDWDGLRDSVPPFTPDFEGATDTCNFDLVEDGLTAMVSGGGETLSDIREGAPLGVHLPFVGYSYSCMALRDSEVP 416
               SCOP domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2vd5A01 A:11-154,A:363-416 Phosphorylase Kinase; domain 1                                                                                       2vd5A02 A:155-357 Transferase(Phosphotransferase) domain 1                                                                                                                                                      2vd5A0  1 A:11-154,A:363-4     16                      CATH domains
               Pfam domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author hhhhhh....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.hhh.eeeeeeeee....eeeeeee.....eeeeeeeehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......eeeeee...eeeeee......hhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.ee....hhh.eee.....eee......ee......ee......hhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.....ee.hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...----..hhhhhhhhhh...hhhhh....hhhhhhhhhhhh.................-----......--..................-----...hhhhh.........hhhhh. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINAS----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AGC_KINASE_CTER  PDB: A:340-415 UniProt: 340-415                            - PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.1a  PDB: A:11-54 UniProt: 1-54       ------------------------------Exon 1.3  PDB: A:85-112     Exon 1.4  PDB: A:113-144        Exon 1.5  PDB: A:145-194 UniProt: 145-194         -------------------------------Exon 1.7  PDB: A:226-294 UniProt: 226-294                            Exon 1.8b  PDB: A:295-382 (gaps) UniProt: 295-382                                       ----------------------------1.10   Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) -------------------------------------------Exon 1.2c  PDB: A:54-84        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.6  PDB: A:194-225        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.9 UniProt: 383-411    ----- Transcript 1 (2)
                 2vd5 A  11 QQLVLDPGFLGLEPLLDLLLGVHQELGASELAQDKYVADFLQWAEPIVVRLKEVRLQRDDFEILKVIGRGAFSEVAVVKMKQTGQVYAMKIMNKWDMLKRGEVSCFREERDVLVNGDRRWITQLHFAFQDENYLYLVMEYYVGGDLLTLLSKFGERIPAEMARFYLAEIVMAIDSVHRLGYVHRDIKPDNILLDRCGHIRLADFGSCLKLRADGTVRSLVAVGTPDYLSPEILQAVGGGPGTGSYGPECDWWALGVFAYEMFYGQTPFYADSTAETYGKIVHYKEHLSLP----GVPEEARDFIQRLLCPPETRLGRGGAGDFRTHPFFFGLDWDGLRDSVPPFTPD-----DTCNFD--EDGLTAMVSGGGETLSDI-----LGVHLPFVGYSYSCMALRDSEVP 416
                                    20        30        40        50        60        70        80        90       100       110       120       130       140       150       160       170       180       190       200       210       220       230       240       250       260       270       280       290       300    |  310       320       330       340       350      |  -  |    | -|      380       | -   |   400       410      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           300  305                                                 357   363  368  |              388   394                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  371                                             

Chain B from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:380
 aligned with DMPK_HUMAN | Q09013 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:629

    Alignment length:406
                                    20        30        40        50        60        70        80        90       100       110       120       130       140       150       160       170       180       190       200       210       220       230       240       250       260       270       280       290       300       310       320       330       340       350       360       370       380       390       400       410      
           DMPK_HUMAN    11 QQLVLDPGFLGLEPLLDLLLGVHQELGASELAQDKYVADFLQWAEPIVVRLKEVRLQRDDFEILKVIGRGAFSEVAVVKMKQTGQVYAMKIMNKWDMLKRGEVSCFREERDVLVNGDRRWITQLHFAFQDENYLYLVMEYYVGGDLLTLLSKFGERIPAEMARFYLAEIVMAIDSVHRLGYVHRDIKPDNILLDRCGHIRLADFGSCLKLRADGTVRSLVAVGTPDYLSPEILQAVGGGPGTGSYGPECDWWALGVFAYEMFYGQTPFYADSTAETYGKIVHYKEHLSLPLVDEGVPEEARDFIQRLLCPPETRLGRGGAGDFRTHPFFFGLDWDGLRDSVPPFTPDFEGATDTCNFDLVEDGLTAMVSGGGETLSDIREGAPLGVHLPFVGYSYSCMALRDSEVP 416
               SCOP domains ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2vd5B01 B:11-154,B:363-416 Phosphorylase Kinase; domain 1                                                                                       2vd5B02 B:155-362 Transferase(Phosphotransferase) domain 1                                                                                                                                                      2vd5B0   1 B:11-  154,B:36      3-416                  CATH domains
           Pfam domains (1) ----------------------------------------------------------------------Pkinase-2vd5B01 B:81-349                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     --------    -------   -------  --------      ---------------------- Pfam domains (1)
           Pfam domains (2) ----------------------------------------------------------------------Pkinase-2vd5B02 B:81-349                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     --------    -------   -------  --------      ---------------------- Pfam domains (2)
         Sec.struct. author ..........hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.hhh.eeeeeeeee....eeeeeee.....eeeeeeeehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......eeeeee...eeeeee......hhhhhhhhhh...hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhee....hhh.eee.....eee......ee..............hhhhhhhhhhhhhh-----....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh..------.hhhhhhhhhh...hhhhh...hhhhhhh.hhhhh.................----.......---.......--........------..hhhhh.........hhhhh. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PROTEIN_KINAS----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AGC_KINASE_CTER  PDB: B:340-415 UniProt: 340-415                            - PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.1a  PDB: B:11-54 UniProt: 1-54       ------------------------------Exon 1.3  PDB: B:85-112     Exon 1.4  PDB: B:113-144        Exon 1.5  PDB: B:145-194 UniProt: 145-194         -------------------------------Exon 1.7  PDB: B:226-294 (gaps) UniProt: 226-294                     Exon 1.8b  PDB: B:295-382 (gaps) UniProt: 295-382                                       ----------------------------1.10   Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) -------------------------------------------Exon 1.2c  PDB: B:54-84        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.6  PDB: B:194-225        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Exon 1.9 UniProt: 383-411    ----- Transcript 1 (2)
                 2vd5 B  11 QQLVLDPGFLGLEPLLDLLLGVHQELGASELAQDKYVADFLQWAEPIVVRLKEVRLQRDDFEILKVIGRGAFSEVAVVKMKQTGQVYAMKIMNKWDMLKRGEVSCFREERDVLVNGDRRWITQLHFAFQDENYLYLVMEYYVGGDLLTLLSKFGERIPAEMARFYLAEIVMAIDSVHRLGYVHRDIKPDNILLDRCGHIRLADFGSCLKLRADGTVRSLVAVGTPDYLSPEILQAVG-----GSYGPECDWWALGVFAYEMFYGQTPFYADSTAETYGKIVHYKEHLSL------VPEEARDFIQRLLCPPETRLGRGGAGDFRTHPFFFGLDWDGLRDSVPPFTPD----TDTCNFD---DGLTAMV--GGETLSDI------GVHLPFVGYSYSCMALRDSEVP 416
                                    20        30        40        50        60        70        80        90       100       110       120       130       140       150       160       170       180       190       200       210       220       230       240      |  -  |    260       270       280       290        |-     | 310       320       330       340       350      |  - |     | - |     | -|      | -    |  400       410      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      247   253                                           299    306                                                357  362   368 372   378  |    388    395                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            381                                   

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (0, 0)

(no "SCOP Domain" information available for 2VD5)

(-) CATH Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric Unit
(-)
Class: Alpha Beta (26913)

(-) Pfam Domains  (1, 2)

Asymmetric Unit
(-)
Clan: PKinase (934)

(-) Gene Ontology  (40, 40)

Asymmetric Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A,B   (DMPK_HUMAN | Q09013)
molecular function
    GO:0005524    ATP binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.
    GO:0031072    heat shock protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a heat shock protein, any protein synthesized or activated in response to heat shock.
    GO:0016301    kinase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
    GO:0046872    metal ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any metal ion.
    GO:0017020    myosin phosphatase regulator activity    Modulation of the activity of the enzyme myosin phosphatase.
    GO:0000166    nucleotide binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0004672    protein kinase activity    Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
    GO:0004674    protein serine/threonine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.
    GO:0016740    transferase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor). Transferase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 2.
biological process
    GO:0006874    cellular calcium ion homeostasis    Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal steady state of calcium ions at the level of a cell.
    GO:0010657    muscle cell apoptotic process    A form of programmed cell death induced by external or internal signals that trigger the activity of proteolytic caspases, whose actions dismantle a muscle cell and result in its death. A muscle cell is a mature contractile cell, commonly known as a myocyte, that forms one of three kinds of muscle.
    GO:0006998    nuclear envelope organization    A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the assembly, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of the nuclear envelope.
    GO:0018105    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation    The phosphorylation of peptidyl-serine to form peptidyl-O-phospho-L-serine.
    GO:0016310    phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
    GO:0006468    protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
    GO:1903779    regulation of cardiac conduction    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cardiac conduction.
    GO:0050790    regulation of catalytic activity    Any process that modulates the activity of an enzyme.
    GO:0014853    regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential involved in skeletal muscle contraction    Any process, involved in skeletal muscle contraction, that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP). Excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) is a temporay increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
    GO:0008016    regulation of heart contraction    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of heart contraction. Heart contraction is the process in which the heart decreases in volume in a characteristic way to propel blood through the body.
    GO:0010830    regulation of myotube differentiation    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of myotube differentiation. Myotube differentiation is the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a myotube cell. Myotubes are multinucleated cells that are formed when proliferating myoblasts exit the cell cycle, differentiate and fuse.
    GO:0014722    regulation of skeletal muscle contraction by calcium ion signaling    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle contraction by changing the calcium ion signals that trigger contraction.
    GO:0002028    regulation of sodium ion transport    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of sodium ions (Na+) into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
    GO:0051823    regulation of synapse structural plasticity    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of synapse structural plasticity. Synapse structural plasticity is a type of cytoskeletal remodeling; this remodeling is induced by stimuli that can lead to long term potentiation and it can be activity-dependent or -independent. Examples of cytoskeletal changes include the formation of new spines and increase in spine size; this can be accompanied by the insertion of greater numbers of glutamate (or other neurotransmitter) receptors into the post-synaptic membrane.
cellular component
    GO:0005737    cytoplasm    All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
    GO:0005829    cytosol    The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
    GO:0005783    endoplasmic reticulum    The irregular network of unit membranes, visible only by electron microscopy, that occurs in the cytoplasm of many eukaryotic cells. The membranes form a complex meshwork of tubular channels, which are often expanded into slitlike cavities called cisternae. The ER takes two forms, rough (or granular), with ribosomes adhering to the outer surface, and smooth (with no ribosomes attached).
    GO:0005789    endoplasmic reticulum membrane    The lipid bilayer surrounding the endoplasmic reticulum.
    GO:0016021    integral component of membrane    The component of a membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0031307    integral component of mitochondrial outer membrane    The component of the mitochondrial outer membrane consisting of the gene products having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0031966    mitochondrial membrane    Either of the lipid bilayers that surround the mitochondrion and form the mitochondrial envelope.
    GO:0005741    mitochondrial outer membrane    The outer, i.e. cytoplasm-facing, lipid bilayer of the mitochondrial envelope.
    GO:0005739    mitochondrion    A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
    GO:0031965    nuclear membrane    Either of the lipid bilayers that surround the nucleus and form the nuclear envelope; excludes the intermembrane space.
    GO:0005640    nuclear outer membrane    The outer, i.e. cytoplasm-facing, lipid bilayer of the nuclear envelope; continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum of the cell and sometimes studded with ribosomes.
    GO:0005634    nucleus    A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
    GO:0005886    plasma membrane    The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.
    GO:0016529    sarcoplasmic reticulum    A fine reticular network of membrane-limited elements that pervades the sarcoplasm of a muscle cell; continuous over large portions of the cell and with the nuclear envelope; that part of the endoplasmic reticulum specialized for calcium release, uptake and storage.
    GO:0033017    sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane    The lipid bilayer surrounding the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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        DMPK_HUMAN | Q090131wt6

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