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(-) Description

Title :  CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF BMP-2 IN COMPLEX WITH BMPR-IA VARIANT B1
 
Authors :  A. Kotzsch, T. D. Mueller
Date :  06 Jul 07  (Deposition) - 15 Jan 08  (Release) - 13 Jul 11  (Revision)
Method :  X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution :  2.44
Chains :  Asym./Biol. Unit :  A,B,C,D
Keywords :  Ligand-Receptor Complex, Chondrogenesis, Cleavage On Pair Of Basic Residues, Cytokine, Developmental Protein, Differentiation, Glycoprotein, Growth Factor, Osteogenesis, Atp-Binding, Disease Mutation, Kinase, Magnesium, Manganese, Membrane, Metal-Binding, Nucleotide-Binding, Phosphorylation, Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase, Transferase, Transmembrane, Cytokine-Receptor Complex (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  A. Kotzsch, J. Nickel, A. Seher, K. Heinecke, L. Van Geersdaele, T. Herrmann, W. Sebald, T. D. Mueller
Structure Analysis Of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Type I Receptor Complexes Reveals A Mechanism Of Receptor Inactivation In Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome.
J. Biol. Chem. V. 283 5876 2008
PubMed-ID: 18160401  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1074/JBC.M706029200

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN 2
    ChainsB, A
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System PlasmidPET32A
    Expression System Taxid562
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentMATURE PART (RESIDUES 283-396)
    GeneBMP2, BMP2A
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SynonymBMP-2, BMP-2A
 
Molecule 2 - BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTOR TYPE IA
    ChainsD, C
    EngineeredYES
    Expression SystemESCHERICHIA COLI
    Expression System PlasmidPET32A
    Expression System Taxid562
    Expression System Vector TypePLASMID
    FragmentEXTRACELLULAR DOMAIN (RESIDUES 24-152)
    GeneBMPR1A, ACVRLK3, ALK3
    MutationYES
    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606
    SynonymSERINE/THREONINE-PROTEIN KINASE RECEPTOR R5, SKR5, ACTIVIN RECEPTOR-LIKE KINASE 3, ALK-3, CD292 ANTIGEN

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  1234
Asymmetric/Biological Unit ABCD

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (0, 0)

(no "Ligand,Modified Residues,Ions" information available for 2QJ9)

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 2QJ9)

(-) SS Bonds  (17, 17)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1A:14 -A:79
2A:43 -A:111
3A:47 -A:113
4B:14 -B:79
5B:43 -B:111
6B:47 -B:113
7B:78 -A:78
8C:38 -C:59
9C:40 -C:44
10C:53 -C:77
11C:87 -C:101
12C:102 -C:107
13D:38 -D:59
14D:40 -D:44
15D:53 -D:77
16D:87 -D:101
17D:102 -D:107

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (4, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
No.Residues
1Ala B:34 -Pro B:35
2Phe B:49 -Pro B:50
3Ala A:34 -Pro A:35
4Phe A:49 -Pro A:50

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (6, 12)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (6, 12)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_041398F58YBMR1A_HUMANUnclassified  ---C/DF35Y
2UniProtVAR_022828Y62DBMR1A_HUMANDisease (JPS)  ---C/DY39D
3UniProtVAR_022829C82YBMR1A_HUMANDisease (JPS)  ---C/DC59Y
4UniProtVAR_015533C124RBMR1A_HUMANDisease (JPS)199476087C/DC101R
5UniProtVAR_052570D387GBMP2_HUMANPolymorphism11545591A/BD105G
6UniProtVAR_022830C130RBMR1A_HUMANDisease (JPS)  ---C/DC107R

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (1, 2)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1TGF_BETA_1PS00250 TGF-beta family signature.BMP2_HUMAN314-329
 
  2A:32-47
B:32-47

(-) Exons   (5, 9)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (5, 9)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.1bENST000003720371bENSE00001456788chr10:88516407-88516676270BMR1A_HUMAN-00--
1.2aENST000003720372aENSE00001456787chr10:88598622-88598736115BMR1A_HUMAN-00--
1.4aENST000003720374aENSE00001456785chr10:88635616-88635842227BMR1A_HUMAN1-23230--
1.5cENST000003720375cENSE00000711713chr10:88649819-88649981163BMR1A_HUMAN23-77552C:32-54
D:32-54
23
23
1.6ENST000003720376ENSE00000711717chr10:88651884-88651986103BMR1A_HUMAN77-111352C:54-88
D:54-88
35
35
1.7ENST000003720377ENSE00000711722chr10:88659551-8865964797BMR1A_HUMAN112-144332C:89-117
D:89-121
29
33
1.8ENST000003720378ENSE00000711728chr10:88659784-88659883100BMR1A_HUMAN144-177341-
D:121-124
-
4
1.9ENST000003720379ENSE00000711732chr10:88671997-88672141145BMR1A_HUMAN177-225490--
1.10aENST0000037203710aENSE00000711737chr10:88676891-88677083193BMR1A_HUMAN226-290650--
1.11bENST0000037203711bENSE00000711742chr10:88678929-88679226298BMR1A_HUMAN290-3891000--
1.12ENST0000037203712ENSE00001646386chr10:88681277-88681452176BMR1A_HUMAN389-448600--
1.13ENST0000037203713ENSE00000830582chr10:88683133-88683263131BMR1A_HUMAN448-491440--
1.14bENST0000037203714bENSE00001456760chr10:88683351-886849451595BMR1A_HUMAN492-532410--

2.1ENST000003788271ENSE00001478949chr20:6748311-67495221212BMP2_HUMAN-00--
2.2ENST000003788272ENSE00001478945chr20:6750767-6751119353BMP2_HUMAN1-1161160--
2.3ENST000003788273ENSE00001478936chr20:6758892-67609102019BMP2_HUMAN116-3962812A:11-114
B:12-114
104
103

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:104
 aligned with BMP2_HUMAN | P12643 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:396

    Alignment length:104
                                   302       312       322       332       342       352       362       372       382       392    
           BMP2_HUMAN   293 KSSCKRHPLYVDFSDVGWNDWIVAPPGYHAFYCHGECPFPLADHLNSTNHAIVQTLVNSVNSKIPKACCVPTELSAISMLYLDENEKVVLKNYQDMVVEGCGCR 396
               SCOP domains d2qj9a_ A: Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)                                                          SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2qj9A00 A:11-114 Cystine-knot cytokines                                                                  CATH domains
               Pfam domains -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....eee..eee.........eee..eee..eee.......hhhhh.hhhhhhhhhhhhhh......eeeeeeeeeeeeee.......eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G--------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE ---------------------TGF_BETA_1      ------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
               Transcript 2 Exon 2.3  PDB: A:11-114 UniProt: 116-396 [INCOMPLETE]                                                    Transcript 2
                 2qj9 A  11 KSSCKRHPLYVDFSDVGWNDWIVAPPGYHAFYCHGECPFPLADHLNSTNHAIVQTLVNSVNSKIPKACCVPTELSAISMLYLDENEKVVLKNYQDMVVEGCGCR 114
                                    20        30        40        50        60        70        80        90       100       110    

Chain B from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:103
 aligned with BMP2_HUMAN | P12643 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:396

    Alignment length:103
                                   303       313       323       333       343       353       363       373       383       393   
           BMP2_HUMAN   294 SSCKRHPLYVDFSDVGWNDWIVAPPGYHAFYCHGECPFPLADHLNSTNHAIVQTLVNSVNSKIPKACCVPTELSAISMLYLDENEKVVLKNYQDMVVEGCGCR 396
               SCOP domains d2qj9b_ B: Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)                                                         SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2qj9B00 B:12-114 Cystine-knot cytokines                                                                 CATH domains
           Pfam domains (1) TGF_beta-2qj9B01 B:12-114                                                                               Pfam domains (1)
           Pfam domains (2) TGF_beta-2qj9B02 B:12-114                                                                               Pfam domains (2)
         Sec.struct. author ...eee..eee....hhhh.eee..eee..eee.......hhhhh.hhhhhhhhhhhhhh......eeeeeeeeeeeeeee.....eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G--------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE --------------------TGF_BETA_1      ------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
               Transcript 2 Exon 2.3  PDB: B:12-114 UniProt: 116-396 [INCOMPLETE]                                                   Transcript 2
                 2qj9 B  12 SSCKRHPLYVDFSDVGWNDWIVAPPGYHAFYCHGECPFPLADHLNSTNHAIVQTLVNSVNSKIPKACCVPTELSAISMLYLDENEKVVLKNYQDMVVEGCGCR 114
                                    21        31        41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111   

Chain C from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:86
 aligned with BMR1A_HUMAN | P36894 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:532

    Alignment length:86
                                    64        74        84        94       104       114       124       134      
          BMR1A_HUMAN    55 TLPFLKCYCSGHCPDDAINNTCITNGHCFAIIEEDDQGETTLASGCMKYEGSDFQCKDSPKAQLRRTIECCRTNLCNQYLQPTLPP 140
               SCOP domains d2qj9c_ C: BMP receptor Ia ectodomain                                                  SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2qj9C00 C:32-117 CD59                                                                  CATH domains
               Pfam domains -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....eeee............eeee..eeeeeeee.....eeeeeeee...hhhhhhh........eeeeee...hhhhh....... Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---Y---D-------------------Y-----------------------------------------R-----R---------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.5c  PDB: C:32-54----------------------------------Exon 1.7  PDB: C:89-117       Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) ----------------------Exon 1.6  PDB: C:54-88             ----------------------------- Transcript 1 (2)
                 2qj9 C  32 TLPFLKCYCSGHCPDDAINNTCITNGHCFAIIEEDDQGETTLASGCMKYEGSDFQCRDTPIPHQRRSIECCRTNLCNQYLQPTLPP 117
                                    41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111      

Chain D from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:93
 aligned with BMR1A_HUMAN | P36894 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:532

    Alignment length:93
                                    64        74        84        94       104       114       124       134       144   
          BMR1A_HUMAN    55 TLPFLKCYCSGHCPDDAINNTCITNGHCFAIIEEDDQGETTLASGCMKYEGSDFQCKDSPKAQLRRTIECCRTNLCNQYLQPTLPPVVIGPFF 147
               SCOP domains d2qj9d_ D: BMP receptor Ia ectodomain                                                         SCOP domains
               CATH domains 2qj9D00 D:32-124 CD59                                                                         CATH domains
           Pfam domains (1) ----Activin_recp-2qj9D01 D:36-115                                                   --------- Pfam domains (1)
           Pfam domains (2) ----Activin_recp-2qj9D02 D:36-115                                                   --------- Pfam domains (2)
         Sec.struct. author ....eeee............eeee..eeeeeeee.....eeeeeeee...hhhhhhhh.......eeeeee...hhhhh.............. Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ---Y---D-------------------Y-----------------------------------------R-----R----------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.5c  PDB: D:32-54----------------------------------Exon 1.7  PDB: D:89-121          --- Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) ----------------------Exon 1.6  PDB: D:54-88             --------------------------------1.8  Transcript 1 (2)
                 2qj9 D  32 TLPFLKCYCSGHCPDDAINNTCITNGHCFAIIEEDDQGETTLASGCMKYEGSDFQCRDTPIPHQRRSIECCRTNLCNQYLQPTLPPVVIGPFF 124
                                    41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121   

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit

(-) CATH Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
(-)
Class: Mainly Beta (13760)

(-) Pfam Domains  (2, 4)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit

(-) Gene Ontology  (167, 183)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A,B   (BMP2_HUMAN | P12643)
molecular function
    GO:0070700    BMP receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a BMP receptor.
    GO:0046332    SMAD binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a SMAD signaling protein.
    GO:0039706    co-receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a coreceptor. A coreceptor acts in cooperation with a primary receptor to transmit a signal within the cell.
    GO:0005125    cytokine activity    Functions to control the survival, growth, differentiation and effector function of tissues and cells.
    GO:0008083    growth factor activity    The function that stimulates a cell to grow or proliferate. Most growth factors have other actions besides the induction of cell growth or proliferation.
    GO:0019211    phosphatase activator activity    Increases the activity of a phosphatase, an enzyme which catalyzes of the removal of a phosphate group from a substrate molecule.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0046982    protein heterodimerization activity    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nonidentical protein to form a heterodimer.
    GO:0005102    receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with one or more specific sites on a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
    GO:0004745    retinol dehydrogenase activity    Catalysis of the reaction: retinol + NAD+ = retinal + NADH + H+.
    GO:0005160    transforming growth factor beta receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the transforming growth factor beta receptor.
biological process
    GO:0030509    BMP signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of a member of the BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) family to a receptor on the surface of a target cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
    GO:0003130    BMP signaling pathway involved in heart induction    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of a member of the BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) family to a receptor on the surface of a target cell, which contributes to heart induction.
    GO:0007219    Notch signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of an extracellular ligand to the receptor Notch on the surface of a target cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
    GO:0060395    SMAD protein signal transduction    The cascade of processes by which a signal interacts with a receptor, causing a change in the activity of a SMAD protein, and ultimately effecting a change in the functioning of the cell.
    GO:0000187    activation of MAPK activity    The initiation of the activity of the inactive enzyme MAP kinase (MAPK).
    GO:0009887    animal organ morphogenesis    Morphogenesis of an animal organ. An organ is defined as a tissue or set of tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Morphogenesis is the process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
    GO:0003181    atrioventricular valve morphogenesis    The process in which the structure of the atrioventricular valve is generated and organized.
    GO:0030282    bone mineralization    The deposition of hydroxyapatite, a form of calcium phosphate with the formula Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, in bone tissue.
    GO:0035630    bone mineralization involved in bone maturation    The deposition of hydroxyapatite, involved in the progression of the skeleton from its formation to its mature state.
    GO:0001658    branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis    The process in which the branching structure of the ureteric bud is generated and organized. The ureteric bud is an epithelial tube that grows out from the metanephric duct. The bud elongates and branches to give rise to the ureter and kidney collecting tubules.
    GO:0060317    cardiac epithelial to mesenchymal transition    A transition where a cardiac epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0055007    cardiac muscle cell differentiation    The process in which a cardiac muscle precursor cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac muscle cell. Cardiac muscle cells are striated muscle cells that are responsible for heart contraction.
    GO:0055008    cardiac muscle tissue morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of cardiac muscle tissue are generated and organized.
    GO:0035051    cardiocyte differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cell that will form part of the cardiac organ of an individual.
    GO:0051216    cartilage development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a cartilage element over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Cartilage elements are skeletal elements that consist of connective tissue dominated by extracellular matrix containing collagen type II and large amounts of proteoglycan, particularly chondroitin sulfate.
    GO:0030154    cell differentiation    The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
    GO:0045165    cell fate commitment    The commitment of cells to specific cell fates and their capacity to differentiate into particular kinds of cells. Positional information is established through protein signals that emanate from a localized source within a cell (the initial one-cell zygote) or within a developmental field.
    GO:0007267    cell-cell signaling    Any process that mediates the transfer of information from one cell to another. This process includes signal transduction in the receiving cell and, where applicable, release of a ligand and any processes that actively facilitate its transport and presentation to the receiving cell. Examples include signaling via soluble ligands, via cell adhesion molecules and via gap junctions.
    GO:0071773    cellular response to BMP stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) stimulus.
    GO:0071363    cellular response to growth factor stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a growth factor stimulus.
    GO:0071407    cellular response to organic cyclic compound    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic cyclic compound stimulus.
    GO:0002062    chondrocyte differentiation    The process in which a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
    GO:0060128    corticotropin hormone secreting cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a corticotropic hormone secreting cell. An corticotropic hormone secreting cell is a basophil cell of the anterior pituitary that produces corticotropin.
    GO:0009790    embryo development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an embryo from its formation until the end of its embryonic life stage. The end of the embryonic stage is organism-specific. For example, for mammals, the process would begin with zygote formation and end with birth. For insects, the process would begin at zygote formation and end with larval hatching. For plant zygotic embryos, this would be from zygote formation to the end of seed dormancy. For plant vegetative embryos, this would be from the initial determination of the cell or group of cells to form an embryo until the point when the embryo becomes independent of the parent plant.
    GO:0035054    embryonic heart tube anterior/posterior pattern specification    The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of cell differentiation that results in the anterior/posterior subdivision of the embryonic heart tube. In Drosophila this results in subdivision of the dorsal vessel into to the posterior heart proper and the anterior aorta.
    GO:0003203    endocardial cushion morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structure of the endocardial cushion is generated and organized. The endocardial cushion is a specialized region of mesenchymal cells that will give rise to the heart septa and valves.
    GO:0001837    epithelial to mesenchymal transition    A transition where an epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0040007    growth    The increase in size or mass of an entire organism, a part of an organism or a cell.
    GO:0007507    heart development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the heart over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The heart is a hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.
    GO:0001701    in utero embryonic development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the embryo in the uterus over time, from formation of the zygote in the oviduct, to birth. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
    GO:0006954    inflammatory response    The immediate defensive reaction (by vertebrate tissue) to infection or injury caused by chemical or physical agents. The process is characterized by local vasodilation, extravasation of plasma into intercellular spaces and accumulation of white blood cells and macrophages.
    GO:0048839    inner ear development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the inner ear over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
    GO:0048762    mesenchymal cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
    GO:0072138    mesenchymal cell proliferation involved in ureteric bud development    The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a mesenchymal cell population of the ureteric bud, that contributes to ureteric bud development.
    GO:0060485    mesenchyme development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a mesenchymal tissue over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A mesenchymal tissue is made up of loosely packed stellate cells.
    GO:0007275    multicellular organism development    The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of a multicellular organism over time from an initial condition (e.g. a zygote or a young adult) to a later condition (e.g. a multicellular animal or an aged adult).
    GO:0003308    negative regulation of Wnt signaling pathway involved in heart development    Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of the series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell, resulting a change in cell state that contributes to the progression of the heart over time.
    GO:0032348    negative regulation of aldosterone biosynthetic process    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aldosterone.
    GO:0051042    negative regulation of calcium-independent cell-cell adhesion    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of calcium-independent cell-cell adhesion.
    GO:0090090    negative regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway    Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of the Wnt signaling pathway through beta-catenin, the series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell, followed by propagation of the signal via beta-catenin, and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
    GO:2000726    negative regulation of cardiac muscle cell differentiation    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cardiac muscle cell differentiation.
    GO:0045786    negative regulation of cell cycle    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
    GO:0008285    negative regulation of cell proliferation    Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of cell proliferation.
    GO:2000065    negative regulation of cortisol biosynthetic process    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cortisol biosynthetic process.
    GO:0010629    negative regulation of gene expression    Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of gene expression. Gene expression is the process in which a gene's coding sequence is converted into a mature gene product or products (proteins or RNA). This includes the production of an RNA transcript as well as any processing to produce a mature RNA product or an mRNA or circRNA (for protein-coding genes) and the translation of that mRNA or circRNA into protein. Protein maturation is included when required to form an active form of a product from an inactive precursor form.
    GO:0043569    negative regulation of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling.
    GO:0010894    negative regulation of steroid biosynthetic process    Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of steroids, compounds with a 1,2,cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene nucleus.
    GO:0000122    negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:0045892    negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0042475    odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a dentin-containing tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A dentin-containing tooth is a hard, bony organ borne on the jaw or other bone of a vertebrate, and is composed mainly of dentin, a dense calcified substance, covered by a layer of enamel.
    GO:0001503    ossification    The formation of bone or of a bony substance, or the conversion of fibrous tissue or of cartilage into bone or a bony substance.
    GO:0001649    osteoblast differentiation    The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an osteoblast, a mesodermal or neural crest cell that gives rise to bone.
    GO:0055114    oxidation-reduction process    A metabolic process that results in the removal or addition of one or more electrons to or from a substance, with or without the concomitant removal or addition of a proton or protons.
    GO:0060389    pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a pathway restricted SMAD protein. A pathway restricted SMAD protein is an effector protein that acts directly downstream of the transforming growth factor family receptor.
    GO:0060039    pericardium development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the pericardium over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The pericardium is a double-walled sac that contains the heart and the roots of the aorta, vena cava and the pulmonary artery.
    GO:0070374    positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the ERK1 and ERK2 cascade.
    GO:0043410    positive regulation of MAPK cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the MAPK cascade.
    GO:0030177    positive regulation of Wnt signaling pathway    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of Wnt signal transduction.
    GO:0060804    positive regulation of Wnt signaling pathway by BMP signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of any member of the BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) family binding to a cell surface receptor that results in an increase in the rate, frequency or extent of a Wnt signaling pathway.
    GO:0043065    positive regulation of apoptotic process    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell death by apoptotic process.
    GO:0048711    positive regulation of astrocyte differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of astrocyte differentiation.
    GO:0030501    positive regulation of bone mineralization    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of bone mineralization.
    GO:0061036    positive regulation of cartilage development    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of cartilage development, the process whose specific outcome is the progression of the cartilage over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Cartilage is a connective tissue dominated by extracellular matrix containing collagen type II and large amounts of proteoglycan, particularly chondroitin sulfate.
    GO:0045597    positive regulation of cell differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell differentiation.
    GO:0030335    positive regulation of cell migration    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cell migration.
    GO:0001938    positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of endothelial cell proliferation.
    GO:0010718    positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition    Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition is where an epithelial cell loses apical/basolateral polarity, severs intercellular adhesive junctions, degrades basement membrane components and becomes a migratory mesenchymal cell.
    GO:0045600    positive regulation of fat cell differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of adipocyte differentiation.
    GO:0010628    positive regulation of gene expression    Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of gene expression. Gene expression is the process in which a gene's coding sequence is converted into a mature gene product or products (proteins or RNA). This includes the production of an RNA transcript as well as any processing to produce a mature RNA product or an mRNA or circRNA (for protein-coding genes) and the translation of that mRNA or circRNA into protein. Protein maturation is included when required to form an active form of a product from an inactive precursor form.
    GO:0045666    positive regulation of neuron differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of neuron differentiation.
    GO:0042482    positive regulation of odontogenesis    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth or teeth.
    GO:0045778    positive regulation of ossification    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of bone formation.
    GO:0045669    positive regulation of osteoblast differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of osteoblast differentiation.
    GO:0033690    positive regulation of osteoblast proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of osteoblast proliferation.
    GO:1900745    positive regulation of p38MAPK cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of p38MAPK cascade.
    GO:0010862    positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation    Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
    GO:0010922    positive regulation of phosphatase activity    Any process that increases the rate or frequency of phosphatase activity. Phosphatases catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoric monoesters, releasing inorganic phosphate.
    GO:0032092    positive regulation of protein binding    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein binding.
    GO:0001934    positive regulation of protein phosphorylation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
    GO:0045944    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:1901522    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter involved in cellular response to chemical stimulus    Any positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter that is involved in cellular response to chemical stimulus.
    GO:0045893    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0031648    protein destabilization    Any process that decreases the stability of a protein, making it more vulnerable to degradative processes or aggregation.
    GO:0006468    protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
    GO:0006029    proteoglycan metabolic process    The chemical reactions and pathways involving proteoglycans, any glycoprotein in which the carbohydrate units are glycosaminoglycans.
    GO:0042487    regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates.
    GO:0006355    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0001666    response to hypoxia    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating lowered oxygen tension. Hypoxia, defined as a decline in O2 levels below normoxic levels of 20.8 - 20.95%, results in metabolic adaptation at both the cellular and organismal level.
    GO:0001501    skeletal system development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the skeleton over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The skeleton is the bony framework of the body in vertebrates (endoskeleton) or the hard outer envelope of insects (exoskeleton or dermoskeleton).
    GO:0021537    telencephalon development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the telencephalon over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The telencephalon is the paired anteriolateral division of the prosencephalon plus the lamina terminalis from which the olfactory lobes, cerebral cortex, and subcortical nuclei are derived.
    GO:0021978    telencephalon regionalization    The regionalization process that creates areas within the forebrain that will direct the behavior of cell migration in differentiation as the telencephalon develops.
    GO:0060129    thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting cell differentiation    The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting cell. A thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting cell is a basophil cell of the anterior pituitary that produces thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyrotrophin.
cellular component
    GO:0070724    BMP receptor complex    A protein complex that acts as a receptor for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs); a homo- or heterodimer of type I and/or type II BMP receptor subunits.
    GO:0009986    cell surface    The external part of the cell wall and/or plasma membrane.
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.

Chain C,D   (BMR1A_HUMAN | P36894)
molecular function
    GO:0005524    ATP binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator.
    GO:0098821    BMP receptor activity    Combining with a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, and transmitting a signal across the plasma membrane to initiate a change in cell activity.
    GO:0000981    RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a specific DNA sequence in order to modulate transcription by RNA polymerase II. The transcription factor may or may not also interact selectively with a protein or macromolecular complex.
    GO:0046332    SMAD binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a SMAD signaling protein.
    GO:0016301    kinase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
    GO:0046872    metal ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any metal ion.
    GO:0000166    nucleotide binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
    GO:0042803    protein homodimerization activity    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein to form a homodimer.
    GO:0004672    protein kinase activity    Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
    GO:0004674    protein serine/threonine kinase activity    Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.
    GO:0004702    signal transducer, downstream of receptor, with serine/threonine kinase activity    Conveys a signal from an upstream receptor or intracellular signal transducer by catalysis of the reaction: ATP protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.
    GO:0016740    transferase activity    Catalysis of the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor). Transferase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 2.
    GO:0004675    transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase activity    Combining with a signal and transmitting the signal from one side of the membrane to the other to initiate a change in cell activity by catalysis of the reaction: ATP protein serine = ADP + protein serine phosphate, and ATP + protein threonine = ADP + protein threonine phosphate.
biological process
    GO:0030509    BMP signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of a member of the BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) family to a receptor on the surface of a target cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
    GO:0001880    Mullerian duct regression    The process in which the Mullerian ducts, primordia of the oviducts, uterus and upper vagina, undergo regression in male embryos.
    GO:0009952    anterior/posterior pattern specification    The regionalization process in which specific areas of cell differentiation are determined along the anterior-posterior axis. The anterior-posterior axis is defined by a line that runs from the head or mouth of an organism to the tail or opposite end of the organism.
    GO:0051216    cartilage development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a cartilage element over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Cartilage elements are skeletal elements that consist of connective tissue dominated by extracellular matrix containing collagen type II and large amounts of proteoglycan, particularly chondroitin sulfate.
    GO:0030154    cell differentiation    The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
    GO:0071773    cellular response to BMP stimulus    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) stimulus.
    GO:0002062    chondrocyte differentiation    The process in which a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
    GO:0048589    developmental growth    The increase in size or mass of an entire organism, a part of an organism or a cell, where the increase in size or mass has the specific outcome of the progression of the organism over time from one condition to another.
    GO:0009950    dorsal/ventral axis specification    The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the dorsal/ventral axis. The dorsal/ventral axis is defined by a line that runs orthogonal to both the anterior/posterior and left/right axes. The dorsal end is defined by the upper or back side of an organism. The ventral end is defined by the lower or front side of an organism.
    GO:0009953    dorsal/ventral pattern formation    The regionalization process in which the areas along the dorsal/ventral axis are established that will lead to differences in cell differentiation. The dorsal/ventral axis is defined by a line that runs orthogonal to both the anterior/posterior and left/right axes. The dorsal end is defined by the upper or back side of an organism. The ventral end is defined by the lower or front side of an organism.
    GO:0007398    ectoderm development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the ectoderm over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In animal embryos, the ectoderm is the outer germ layer of the embryo, formed during gastrulation.
    GO:0042733    embryonic digit morphogenesis    The process, occurring in the embryo, by which the anatomical structures of the digit are generated and organized. A digit is one of the terminal divisions of an appendage, such as a finger or toe.
    GO:0048598    embryonic morphogenesis    The process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized during the embryonic phase. The embryonic phase begins with zygote formation. The end of the embryonic phase is organism-specific. For example, it would be at birth for mammals, larval hatching for insects and seed dormancy in plants.
    GO:0048568    embryonic organ development    Development, taking place during the embryonic phase, of a tissue or tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Development pertains to the process whose specific outcome is the progression of a structure over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
    GO:0003272    endocardial cushion formation    The developmental process pertaining to the initial formation of an endocardial cushion. The endocardial cushion is a specialized region of mesenchymal cells that will give rise to the heart septa and valves.
    GO:0007492    endoderm development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the endoderm over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The endoderm is the innermost germ layer that develops into the gastrointestinal tract, the lungs and associated tissues.
    GO:0007507    heart development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the heart over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The heart is a hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.
    GO:0060914    heart formation    The developmental process pertaining to the initial formation of the heart from unspecified parts. This process begins with the specific processes that contribute to the appearance of the heart field and the arrival of cardiac neural crest to the heart region. The process ends when the structural rudiment is recognizable.
    GO:0003007    heart morphogenesis    The developmental process in which the heart is generated and organized. The heart is a hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.
    GO:0035137    hindlimb morphogenesis    The process in which the anatomical structures of the hindlimb are generated and organized.
    GO:0006955    immune response    Any immune system process that functions in the calibrated response of an organism to a potential internal or invasive threat.
    GO:0001701    in utero embryonic development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the embryo in the uterus over time, from formation of the zygote in the oviduct, to birth. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
    GO:0048368    lateral mesoderm development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lateral mesoderm over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
    GO:0030324    lung development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
    GO:0048382    mesendoderm development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the mesendoderm over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In animal embryos, mesendoderm development gives rise to both mesoderm and endoderm tissues.
    GO:0001707    mesoderm formation    The process that gives rise to the mesoderm. This process pertains to the initial formation of the structure from unspecified parts.
    GO:0050768    negative regulation of neurogenesis    Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neurogenesis, the origin and formation of neurons.
    GO:0007399    nervous system development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of nervous tissue over time, from its formation to its mature state.
    GO:0014032    neural crest cell development    The process aimed at the progression of a neural crest cell over time, from initial commitment of the cell to its specific fate, to the fully functional differentiated cell.
    GO:0021998    neural plate mediolateral regionalization    The process that regulates the coordinated growth and differentiation that establishes the non-random mediolateral spatial arrangement of the neural plate.
    GO:0060896    neural plate pattern specification    The developmental process that results in the creation of defined areas or spaces within the neural plate to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
    GO:0042475    odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a dentin-containing tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A dentin-containing tooth is a hard, bony organ borne on the jaw or other bone of a vertebrate, and is composed mainly of dentin, a dense calcified substance, covered by a layer of enamel.
    GO:0060021    palate development    The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure. The palate is the partition that separates the nasal and oral cavities.
    GO:0048339    paraxial mesoderm development    The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the paraxial mesoderm over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The paraxial mesoderm is the mesoderm located bilaterally adjacent to the notochord and neural tube.
    GO:0048352    paraxial mesoderm structural organization    The process that contributes to the act of creating the structural organization of the paraxial mesoderm. This process pertains to the physical shaping of a rudimentary structure.
    GO:0007389    pattern specification process    Any developmental process that results in the creation of defined areas or spaces within an organism to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
    GO:0016310    phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
    GO:0021983    pituitary gland development    The progression of the pituitary gland over time from its initial formation until its mature state. The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland that secretes hormones that regulate many other glands.
    GO:0060391    positive regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus    Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein import into the nucleus, i.e. the directed movement of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
    GO:0030501    positive regulation of bone mineralization    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of bone mineralization.
    GO:0050679    positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation    Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of epithelial cell proliferation.
    GO:0002053    positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation    The process of activating or increasing the rate or extent of mesenchymal cell proliferation. Mesenchymal cells are loosely organized embryonic cells.
    GO:0045669    positive regulation of osteoblast differentiation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of osteoblast differentiation.
    GO:0010862    positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation    Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
    GO:0045944    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter.
    GO:0045893    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular DNA-templated transcription.
    GO:0006468    protein phosphorylation    The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
    GO:2000772    regulation of cellular senescence    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular senescence.
    GO:0048378    regulation of lateral mesodermal cell fate specification    Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of lateral mesoderm cell fate specification.
    GO:0023014    signal transduction by protein phosphorylation    A process in which the transfer of one or more phosphate groups to a substrate transmits a signal to the phosphorylated substrate.
    GO:0001756    somitogenesis    The formation of mesodermal clusters that are arranged segmentally along the anterior posterior axis of an embryo.
    GO:0019827    stem cell population maintenance    The process by which an organism or tissue maintains a population of stem cells of a single type. This can be achieved by a number of mechanisms: stem cell asymmetric division maintains stem cell numbers; stem cell symmetric division increases them; maintenance of a stem cell niche maintains the conditions for commitment to the stem cell fate for some types of stem cell; stem cells may arise de novo from other cell types.
    GO:0007179    transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of an extracellular ligand to a transforming growth factor beta receptor on the surface of a target cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
    GO:0007178    transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of an extracellular ligand to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where the receptor possesses serine/threonine kinase activity, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
cellular component
    GO:1990712    HFE-transferrin receptor complex    A protein complex containing at least HFE and a transferrin receptor (either TFR1/TFRC or TFR2), proposed to play a role in the sensing of transferrin-bound Fe (Fe2-Tf) on the plasma membrane to regulate hepcidin transcription.
    GO:0005901    caveola    A membrane raft that forms small pit, depression, or invagination that communicates with the outside of a cell and extends inward, indenting the cytoplasm and the cell membrane. Examples include flask-shaped invaginations of the plasma membrane in adipocytes associated with caveolin proteins, and minute pits or incuppings of the cell membrane formed during pinocytosis. Caveolae may be pinched off to form free vesicles within the cytoplasm.
    GO:0030425    dendrite    A neuron projection that has a short, tapering, often branched, morphology, receives and integrates signals from other neurons or from sensory stimuli, and conducts a nerve impulse towards the axon or the cell body. In most neurons, the impulse is conveyed from dendrites to axon via the cell body, but in some types of unipolar neuron, the impulse does not travel via the cell body.
    GO:0009897    external side of plasma membrane    The leaflet of the plasma membrane that faces away from the cytoplasm and any proteins embedded or anchored in it or attached to its surface.
    GO:0016021    integral component of membrane    The component of a membrane consisting of the gene products and protein complexes having at least some part of their peptide sequence embedded in the hydrophobic region of the membrane.
    GO:0016020    membrane    A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.
    GO:0043025    neuronal cell body    The portion of a neuron that includes the nucleus, but excludes cell projections such as axons and dendrites.
    GO:0005886    plasma membrane    The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.

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(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
        BMP2_HUMAN | P126431es7 1reu 1rew 2goo 2h62 2h64 2qja 2qjb 3bk3 3bmp 4mid 4n1d 4uhy 4uhz 4ui0 4ui1 4ui2
        BMR1A_HUMAN | P368941es7 1rew 2goo 2h62 2h64 2k3g 2qja 2qjb 3nh7 3qb4

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

1es7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BMP-2 IN COMPLEX WITH BMPR-IA.
1rwe CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BMP-2 IN COMPLEX WITH BMPR-IA AT HIGH RESOLUTION.
2qja CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF BMP-2 IN COMPLEX WITH BMPR-IA VARIANT B12
2qjb CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF BMP-2 IN COMPLEX WITH BMPR-IA VARIANT IA/IB
3bmp CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BMP-2.