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(-) Description

Title :  SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF HUMAN PYY3-36
 
Authors :  R. Nygaard
Date :  20 Feb 06  (Deposition) - 18 Jul 06  (Release) - 24 Feb 09  (Revision)
Method :  SOLUTION NMR
Resolution :  NOT APPLICABLE
Chains :  NMR Structure  :  A  (20x)
Keywords :  Pp-Fold, Pyy, Peptide, Helix, Amphipathic, Neuropeptide (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
 
Reference :  R. Nygaard, S. Nielbo, T. W. Schwartz, F. M. Poulsen
The Pp-Fold Solution Structure Of Human Polypeptide Yy And Human Pyy3-36 As Determined By Nmr(, )
Biochemistry V. 45 8350 2006
PubMed-ID: 16819834  |  Reference-DOI: 10.1021/BI060359L
(for further references see the PDB file header)

(-) Compounds

Molecule 1 - PEPTIDE YY
    ChainsA
    EngineeredYES
    FragmentPEPTIDE YY(3-36)
    Other DetailsTHIS SEQUENCE OCCURS NATURALLY IN HUMANS.;
THIS PROTEIN SYNTHESIZED BY SOLID STATE PEPTIDE SYNTHESIS.
    SynonymPOLYPEPTIDE YY, PYY, PYY-I, PEPTIDE TYROSINE TYROSINE
    SyntheticYES

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

  
NMR Structure (20x)

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
No.NameCountTypeFull Name
1NH21Mod. Amino AcidAMINO GROUP

(-) Sites  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
No.NameEvidenceResiduesDescription
1AC1SOFTWARETYR A:34BINDING SITE FOR RESIDUE NH2 A 35

(-) SS Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "SS Bond" information available for 2DF0)

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "Cis Peptide Bond" information available for 2DF0)

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
  dbSNPPDB
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
1UniProtVAR_047407R37GPYY_HUMANPolymorphism229969AG7G

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (1, 1)

NMR Structure (1, 1)
 PROSITEUniProtKBPDB
No.IDACDescriptionIDLocationCountLocation
1PANCREATIC_HORMONE_1PS00265 Pancreatic hormone family signature.PYY_HUMAN48-64  1A:18-34

(-) Exons   (2, 2)

NMR Structure (2, 2)
 ENSEMBLUniProtKBPDB
No.Transcript IDExonExon IDGenome LocationLengthIDLocationLengthCountLocationLength
1.1ENST000003600851ENSE00001409946chr17:42081837-4208175979PYY_HUMAN-00--
1.2ENST000003600852ENSE00001657713chr17:42043900-42043656245PYY_HUMAN-00--
1.3ENST000003600853ENSE00002190309chr17:42035396-4203530691PYY_HUMAN-00--
1.4ENST000003600854ENSE00001677104chr17:42031343-42031218126PYY_HUMAN-00--
1.5ENST000003600855ENSE00001763531chr17:42030851-42030664188PYY_HUMAN1-63631A:1-3333
1.6ENST000003600856ENSE00001687155chr17:42030557-4203047781PYY_HUMAN63-90281A:33-353
1.7ENST000003600857ENSE00001699268chr17:42030348-42030111238PYY_HUMAN90-9780--

(-) Sequences/Alignments

NMR Structure
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:35
 aligned with PYY_HUMAN | P10082 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:97

    Alignment length:35
                                    40        50        60     
             PYY_HUMAN   31 IKPEAPREDASPEELNRYYASLRHYLNLVTRQRYG 65
               SCOP domains d2df0a1 A:1-34 Peptide YY, PYY    - SCOP domains
               CATH domains ----------------------------------- CATH domains
               Pfam domains ----------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ..............hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh..... Sec.struct. author
                 SAPs(SNPs) ------G---------------------------- SAPs(SNPs)
                    PROSITE -----------------PANCREATIC_HORMON- PROSITE
           Transcript 1 (1) Exon 1.5  PDB: A:1-33            -- Transcript 1 (1)
           Transcript 1 (2) --------------------------------1.6 Transcript 1 (2)
                  2df0 A  1 IKPEAPGEDASPEELNRYYASLRHYLNLVTRQRYx 35
                                    10        20        30    |
                                                             35-NH2

   Legend:   → Mismatch (orange background)
  - → Gap (green background, '-', border residues have a numbering label)
    → Modified Residue (blue background, lower-case, 'x' indicates undefined single-letter code, labelled with number + name)
  x → Chemical Group (purple background, 'x', labelled with number + name, e.g. ACE or NH2)
  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (1, 1)

NMR Structure
(-)
Class: Peptides (792)

(-) CATH Domains  (0, 0)

(no "CATH Domain" information available for 2DF0)

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 2DF0)

(-) Gene Ontology  (16, 16)

NMR Structure(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (PYY_HUMAN | P10082)
molecular function
    GO:0001664    G-protein coupled receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a G-protein coupled receptor.
    GO:0005179    hormone activity    The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects; all bind receptors and trigger some biological process.
    GO:0005184    neuropeptide hormone activity    The action characteristic of a neuropeptide hormone, any peptide hormone that acts in the central nervous system. A neuropeptide is any of several types of molecules found in brain tissue, composed of short chains of amino acids; they include endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, and others. They are often localized in axon terminals at synapses and are classified as putative neurotransmitters, although some are also hormones.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
biological process
    GO:0007186    G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway    A series of molecular signals that proceeds with an activated receptor promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP on the alpha-subunit of an associated heterotrimeric G-protein complex. The GTP-bound activated alpha-G-protein then dissociates from the beta- and gamma-subunits to further transmit the signal within the cell. The pathway begins with receptor-ligand interaction, or for basal GPCR signaling the pathway begins with the receptor activating its G protein in the absence of an agonist, and ends with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription. The pathway can start from the plasma membrane, Golgi or nuclear membrane (PMID:24568158 and PMID:16902576).
    GO:0008283    cell proliferation    The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
    GO:0007267    cell-cell signaling    Any process that mediates the transfer of information from one cell to another. This process includes signal transduction in the receiving cell and, where applicable, release of a ligand and any processes that actively facilitate its transport and presentation to the receiving cell. Examples include signaling via soluble ligands, via cell adhesion molecules and via gap junctions.
    GO:0007010    cytoskeleton organization    A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the assembly, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cytoskeletal structures.
    GO:0007586    digestion    The whole of the physical, chemical, and biochemical processes carried out by multicellular organisms to break down ingested nutrients into components that may be easily absorbed and directed into metabolism.
    GO:0042755    eating behavior    The specific behavior of an organism relating to the intake of food, any substance (usually solid) that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue.
    GO:0007631    feeding behavior    Behavior associated with the intake of food.
    GO:0006928    movement of cell or subcellular component    The directed, self-propelled movement of a cell or subcellular component without the involvement of an external agent such as a transporter or a pore.
    GO:0007218    neuropeptide signaling pathway    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a peptide neurotransmitter binding to a cell surface receptor.
    GO:0032098    regulation of appetite    Any process which modulates appetite, the desire or physical craving for food.
cellular component
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.

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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
        PYY_HUMAN | P100822dez 2l60 2na5

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

2dez SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF HUMAN PYY