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(-) Description

Authors :  L. Chantalat, N. Jones, F. Korber, J. Navaza, A. G. Pavlovsky
Date :  11 May 95  (Deposition) - 07 Dec 95  (Release) - 24 Feb 09  (Revision)
Resolution :  2.50
Chains :  Asym./Biol. Unit :  A
Keywords :  Hormone (Keyword Search: [Gene Ontology, PubMed, Web (Google))
Reference :  L. Chantalat, N. D. Jones, F. Korber, J. Navaza, A. G. Pavlovsky
The Crystal-Structure Of Wild-Type Growth-Hormone At 2. 5 Angstrom Resolution.
Protein Pept. Lett. V. 2 333 1995
PubMed: search
(for further references see the PDB file header)

(-) Compounds

    Organism CommonHUMAN
    Organism ScientificHOMO SAPIENS
    Organism Taxid9606

 Structural Features

(-) Chains, Units

Asymmetric/Biological Unit A

Summary Information (see also Sequences/Alignments below)

(-) Ligands, Modified Residues, Ions  (0, 0)

(no "Ligand,Modified Residues,Ions" information available for 1HGU)

(-) Sites  (0, 0)

(no "Site" information available for 1HGU)

(-) SS Bonds  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
1A:53 -A:165
2A:182 -A:189

(-) Cis Peptide Bonds  (0, 0)

(no "Cis Peptide Bond" information available for 1HGU)

 Sequence-Structure Mapping

(-) SAPs(SNPs)/Variants  (18, 18)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (18, 18)
No.SourceVariant IDVariantUniProt IDStatusIDChainVariant
01UniProtVAR_015802D37NSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AQ11N
02UniProtVAR_015803R42CSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)71640273AR16C
03UniProtVAR_015804T53ISOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AT27I
04UniProtVAR_015805K67RSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AK41R
05UniProtVAR_015806N73DSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)71640276AA47D
07UniProtVAR_015807S97FSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AS71F
08UniProtVAR_015808E100KSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AQ74K
09UniProtVAR_015809R103CSOMA_HUMANDisease (KWKS)137853220AR77C
11UniProtVAR_015810Q117LSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AG91L
12UniProtVAR_015811S134CSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AS108C
13UniProtVAR_015812S134RSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AS108R
15UniProtVAR_015813D138GSOMA_HUMANDisease (KWKS)137853221AD112G
16UniProtVAR_015814T201ASOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD1B)  ---AT175A
18UniProtVAR_015815R209HSOMA_HUMANDisease (IGHD2)137853223AR183H

  SNP/SAP Summary Statistics (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

(-) PROSITE Motifs  (2, 2)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit (2, 2)
1SOMATOTROPIN_1PS00266 Somatotropin, prolactin and related hormones signature 1.SOMA_HUMAN79-112  1A:53-86
2SOMATOTROPIN_2PS00338 Somatotropin, prolactin and related hormones signature 2.SOMA_HUMAN191-208  1A:165-182

(-) Exons   (0, 0)

(no "Exon" information available for 1HGU)

(-) Sequences/Alignments

Asymmetric/Biological Unit
   Reformat: Number of residues per line =  ('0' or empty: single-line sequence representation)
  Number of residues per labelling interval =   
  UniProt sequence: complete  aligned part    
   Show mapping: SCOP domains CATH domains Pfam domains Secondary structure (by author)
SAPs(SNPs) PROSITE motifs Exons
(details for a mapped element are shown in a popup box when the mouse pointer rests over it)
Chain A from PDB  Type:PROTEIN  Length:187
 aligned with SOMA_HUMAN | P01241 from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot  Length:217

    Alignment length:189
                                    37        47        57        67        77        87        97       107       117       127       137       147       157       167       177       187       197       207         
               SCOP domains d1hgua_ A: Growth hormone, somatotro  pin                                                                                                                                                     SCOP domains
               CATH domains 1hguA00 A:2-190  [code=1.20.1250.10,   no name defined]                                                                                                                                       CATH domains
               Pfam domains --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pfam domains
         Sec.struct. author ....hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.--.hhhhhhhh.......................hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.......................hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.........................hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh...... Sec.struct. author
             SAPs(SNPs) (1) ---------N----C----------I-------------R-----D-----S-----------------F--K--C-C-----------L----------------C-I-G--------------------------------------------------------------A---M---H------- SAPs(SNPs) (1)
             SAPs(SNPs) (2) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SAPs(SNPs) (2)
                    PROSITE ---------------------------------------------------SOMATOTROPIN_1  PDB: A:53-86      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------SOMATOTROPIN_2    -------- PROSITE
                 Transcript --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transcript
                                    11        21        31     |  41        51        61        71        81        91       101       111       121       131       141       151       161       171       181         
                                                              37 40                                                                                                                                                      

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  extra numbering lines below/above indicate numbering irregularities and modified residue names etc., number ends below/above '|'

 Classification and Annotation

(-) SCOP Domains  (1, 1)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit

(-) CATH Domains  (1, 1)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit

(-) Pfam Domains  (0, 0)

(no "Pfam Domain" information available for 1HGU)

(-) Gene Ontology  (22, 22)

Asymmetric/Biological Unit(hide GO term definitions)
Chain A   (SOMA_HUMAN | P01241)
molecular function
    GO:0008083    growth factor activity    The function that stimulates a cell to grow or proliferate. Most growth factors have other actions besides the induction of cell growth or proliferation.
    GO:0005131    growth hormone receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the growth hormone receptor.
    GO:0005179    hormone activity    The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects; all bind receptors and trigger some biological process.
    GO:0046872    metal ion binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any metal ion.
    GO:0005148    prolactin receptor binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the prolactin receptor.
    GO:0005515    protein binding    Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
biological process
    GO:0007259    JAK-STAT cascade    Any process in which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) and JAK (Janus Activated Kinase) proteins convey a signal to trigger a change in the activity or state of a cell. The JAK-STAT cascade begins with activation of STAT proteins by members of the JAK family of tyrosine kinases, proceeds through dimerization and subsequent nuclear translocation of STAT proteins, and ends with regulation of target gene expression by STAT proteins.
    GO:0060397    JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway    The process in which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of physiological ligands to the growth hormone receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
    GO:0070977    bone maturation    A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for bone to attain its fully functional state.
    GO:0015758    glucose transport    The directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
    GO:0060396    growth hormone receptor signaling pathway    The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
    GO:0046427    positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway activity.
    GO:0043406    positive regulation of MAP kinase activity    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of MAP kinase activity.
    GO:0043568    positive regulation of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway    Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling.
    GO:0040018    positive regulation of multicellular organism growth    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of growth of an organism to reach its usual body size.
    GO:0050731    positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the phosphorylation of peptidyl-tyrosine.
    GO:0014068    positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase cascade.
    GO:0002092    positive regulation of receptor internalization    Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor internalization.
    GO:0032355    response to estradiol    Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of stimulus by estradiol, a C18 steroid hormone hydroxylated at C3 and C17 that acts as a potent estrogen.
cellular component
    GO:0005576    extracellular region    The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
    GO:0005615    extracellular space    That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.
    GO:0005622    intracellular    The living contents of a cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.


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 Related Entries

(-) Entries Sharing at Least One Protein Chain (UniProt ID)

        SOMA_HUMAN | P012411a22 1axi 1bp3 1huw 1hwg 1hwh 1kf9 3hhr

(-) Related Entries Specified in the PDB File

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